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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Critical Infrastructure: Control Systems and the Terrorist Threat

Critical Infrastructure: Control Systems and the Terrorist Threat

Date: July 14, 2003
Creator: Shea, Dana A
Description: This report addresses the cyber-vulnerability of critical infrastructure industries which regularly use industrial control systems. Industrial control systems may be vulnerable to infiltration by different routes, including wireless transmission, direct access to control system computers, exploitation of dial-up modems used for maintenance, or through the Internet. This report will specifically discuss the potential for access to industrial control systems through the Internet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response

Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response

Date: July 10, 2003
Creator: Miko, Francis T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia: Quick Facts and Issues for Congress

NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia: Quick Facts and Issues for Congress

Date: July 9, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft

Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft

Date: July 9, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: July 8, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Polygraph Use by the Department of Energy: Issues for Congress

Polygraph Use by the Department of Energy: Issues for Congress

Date: July 8, 2003
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: The Federal Response

Crime Control: The Federal Response

Date: July 7, 2003
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne
Description: Under the federal system in the United States, the states and localities traditionally have held the major responsibility for prevention and control of crime and maintenance of order. For most of the Republic’s history, “police powers” in the broad sense were reserved to the states under the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution. Many still hold that view, but others see a string of court decisions in recent decades as providing the basis for a far more active federal role. Several bills are discussed in this report that address issues related to crime, juvenile justice, and Congress’ evolving role in crime legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Quality: Implementing the Clean Water Act

Water Quality: Implementing the Clean Water Act

Date: July 1, 2003
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: The Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996, P.L. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009- 26, added a definition of “child pornography” that include visual depictions of what appears to be a minor engaging in explicit sexual conduct, even if no actual minor was used in producing the depiction. On April 16, 2002, in Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, the Supreme Court held this provision unconstitutional to the extent that it prohibited pictures that were not produced with actual minors. (This case is discussed under “Section 2256,” below.) In response to Ashcroft, bills were introduced in the House and Senate that would continue to ban some child pornography that was produced without an actual minor; on June 25, 2002, the House passed one such bill: H.R. 4623, 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department