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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Cyberwarfare

Cyberwarfare

Date: June 19, 2001
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Description: Cyberwarfare raises issues of growing national interest and concern. Cyberwarfare can be used to describe various aspects of defending and attacking information and computer networks in cyberspace, as well as denying an adversary’s ability to do the same. Some major problems encountered with cyber attacks, in particular, are the difficulty in determining the origin and nature of the attack and in assessing the damage incurred.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Operation Enduring Freedom: Foreign Pledges of Military and Intelligence Support

Operation Enduring Freedom: Foreign Pledges of Military and Intelligence Support

Date: October 17, 2001
Creator: Gerleman, David J; Stevens, Jennifer E & Hildreth, Steven A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agroterrorism: Options in Congress

Agroterrorism: Options in Congress

Date: December 19, 2001
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E
Description: Although U.S. intelligence agencies have not identified any terrorist acts targeting agricultural production (i.e., agroterrorism) in the United States to date, the events of September 11, 2001 have awakened the nation to their possibility. Some experts estimate that a single agroterrorist attack using a highly contagious livestock disease could cost between $10 billion and $30 billion to the U.S. economy. This report examines the potential threats to America’s agriculture from a deliberate biological attack, describes the current defense structure and capabilities available to respond to agroterrorism, and analyzes current congressional proposals to address the threat of biological weapons to U.S. agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DNA Evidence: Legislative Initiatives in the 106th Congress

DNA Evidence: Legislative Initiatives in the 106th Congress

Date: January 26, 2001
Creator: Fischer, Eric A
Description: DNA evidence is a powerful forensic tool in criminal cases. Its use and capabilities have increased substantially since it was first introduced in the late 1980s. That growth has led to the emergence of the following issues that were considered by the 106th Congress in legislative initiatives: eliminating the nationwide backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples, expanding the kinds of offenders who are profiled, providing opportunities for post-conviction testing of DNA evidence, and continuing development of forensic science capabilities. This report discusses those and related issues and the legislation proposed and enacted to address them. It begins by describing provisions in prior federal law and then discusses issues and the legislation proposed, including the enacted DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (H.R. 4640, which became P.L. 106-546).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: McNeal, Dewardric L
Description: This report provides an overview of the Muslim separatist movement in China’s northwestern Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China’s attempts to stifle activities which it considers terrorism, and implications for U.S. policy. Some analysts suggest that the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism may make it difficult to pressure the Chinese government on human rights and religious freedoms, particularly as they relate to Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: Some Legal Restrictions on Military Assistance to Domestic Authorities Following a Terrorist Attack

Terrorism: Some Legal Restrictions on Military Assistance to Domestic Authorities Following a Terrorist Attack

Date: September 14, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Terrorism" and Related Terms in Statute and Regulation: Selected Language

"Terrorism" and Related Terms in Statute and Regulation: Selected Language

Date: September 26, 2001
Creator: Martin, Elizabeth
Description: Congress is considering revised definitions of “terrorism” and related terms in the context of the proposed “Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001.” While the proposed definitions relate to criminal law and immigration law, hundreds of other federal statutes and regulations already define “terrorism” and related terms in a variety of other contexts. However, these statutes and regulations ultimately refer to an extremely small set of statutory definitions, current criminal law and immigration definitions being among them. This report provides the current text of these fundamental definitions. The report will be updated as action on new antiterrorism law proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Race-Based Civil Dentention for Security Purposes

Race-Based Civil Dentention for Security Purposes

Date: October 4, 2001
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Date: October 12, 2001
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response

Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response

Date: August 1, 2001
Creator: Miko, Francis T & Park, Grace (Jea-Hyun)
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department