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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Juvenile Justice: Legislative History and Current Legislative Issues

Juvenile Justice: Legislative History and Current Legislative Issues

Date: unknown
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report will analyze the current federal legislation that impacts the state juvenile justice systems. Although the report provides some background information on the evolution of juvenile justice in the United States, the main focus of the report is the major federal legislation that impacts the states juvenile justice systems, including the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Abuse: History, Legislation and Issues

Child Abuse: History, Legislation and Issues

Date: January 13, 1978
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: This report discusses child abuse legislation in United States, child abuse prevention and treatment, incidence of child abuse and neglect. The report provides a summary of major legislation in the 1st session of the 95th congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Insanity Defense: An Overview and Legislative Proposals

The Insanity Defense: An Overview and Legislative Proposals

Date: July 19, 1982
Creator: Marion, Catherine
Description: This report will discuss the insanity defense as used in the federal courts. It will briefly trace the history of the evolution of that defense from its earliest formulation to the version used in the John Hinckley case, and will provide, in summary form, descriptive analysis of various pieces of Legislation to change federal law with regard to the substantive definition of the defense, the allocation of the burden of persuasion when the defense is invoked, and procedures following the successful use of the defense.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control

Gun Control

Date: August 11, 1982
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: This report provides basic firearms-related issues and a summary of legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parental Kidnapping

Parental Kidnapping

Date: August 25, 1982
Creator: McCoy, Meredith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Date: October 21, 1983
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: The Reagan Administration announced its major crime Control proposals in 1981, shortly after the final report from the Attorney General's Task Force on Violent Crimes, and reiterated support for significant changes in Crime control legislation in 1983. Congressional initiatives and modifications of those proposals continue interest and controversy in crime control matters in the 98th Congress.
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Social Security Benefits for Prisoners

Social Security Benefits for Prisoners

Date: November 1, 1983
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
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Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Date: November 23, 1983
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: This report discusses how best to coordinate the Federal government's multi-agency efforts to curb illicit traffic in dangerous drugs has once again become an issue of major interest to the Congress. Critics of the Reagan Administration's anti-drug program contend that it lacks an overall strategy and that it suffers from the absence of a central mechanism for the formulation of general policy as well as for the broad direction of operations
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Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs

Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs

Date: January 20, 1984
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: Suppression of illicit traffic is only one aspect of the general Federal Government effort to prevent the abuse of narcotics and other dangerous drug;, but in political significance it is undoubtedly paramount. Various approaches to the problem have been suggested and tried since the first explicitly anti-opium law was enacted in 1887.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensation for Crime Victims

Compensation for Crime Victims

Date: April 27, 1984
Creator: Cavanagh, M. Suzanne
Description: This report discusses the growing interest in recent years in providing compensation for the innocent victims of violent crime through programs financed by the Federal and/or State Governments. At issue have been the general propriety, desirability, and feasibility, as well as the cost, of Federal support of such programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeless in America

Homeless in America

Date: November 1, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This report discusses questions dealing with the number of homeless Americans as well as trends in society's attitudes toward such people. The incidence of mental illness and the appropriateness, or lack thereof, of deinstitutionalization for such patients is another aspect of the problem which is covered in this packet. A CRS report gives an overview of the situation and of the Federal response.
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Alleged Fraud, Waste and, and Abuse: General Dynamics Corp.

Alleged Fraud, Waste and, and Abuse: General Dynamics Corp.

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Numerous Federal agencies -- including the Justice Department and Congressional committees -- are investigating allegations of fraud at the Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics Corporation, the nation's third largest defense contractor. This issue brief provides a chronological summary, based on newspaper and magazine accounts, of each of these investigations.
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Polygraph Testing of Employees In Private Industry

Polygraph Testing of Employees In Private Industry

Date: August 7, 1985
Creator: Liddicoat, Britt D
Description: None
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Obscenity: A Legal Primer

Obscenity: A Legal Primer

Date: December 11, 1985
Creator: Reimer, Rita Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arms Shipments to Iran

Arms Shipments to Iran

Date: April 3, 1987
Creator: Preece, Richard M
Description: This report provides background and examines key questions in regards to the shipments of arms to Iran and the subsequent diversion of funds to Nicaraguan guerrillas by the Reagan Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: U.S. Policy Options

Terrorism: U.S. Policy Options

Date: June 8, 1987
Creator: Wootten, James P
Description: None
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Polygraph Testing: Employee and Employer Rights

Polygraph Testing: Employee and Employer Rights

Date: August 28, 1987
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Gun Control Laws: The Second Amendment and Other Constitutional Issues

Federal Gun Control Laws: The Second Amendment and Other Constitutional Issues

Date: February 1, 1995
Creator: Schrader, Dorothy
Description: This report examines the historical, legal, and constitutional arguments for and against an individual right to bear firearms under the Second Amendment of the Constitution. Those who favor federal gun control laws tend to assert that the Second Amendment has been correctly interpreted by the courts to confer only a collective right, which may be exercised through state militias. Those who oppose gun control laws tend to assert that the Second Amendment should be interpreted to grant an individual right to bear arms for lawful purposes, subject to appropriately minimal restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Brady Handgun Control Act: Constitutional Issues

The Brady Handgun Control Act: Constitutional Issues

Date: October 25, 1995
Creator: Schrader, Dorothy
Description: The Brady Handgun Control Act established a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases, during which local law enforcement can make reasonable efforts to conduct background checks in available records and block and sales to convicted felons and other disqualified persons. This report reviews the background of federal gun control legislation, analyzes the conflict in the courts over the constitutionality under the Tenth Amendment of the duties placed on local law enforcement, and considers the implications of the decisions for Brady Act enforcement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Date: June 3, 1996
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is the product of legislative efforts stretching back well over a decade and stimulated to passage in part by the tragedies in Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. This report summarizes the six titles of the Act, its sources, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: January 7, 1997
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and TMDLs

Clean Water Act and TMDLs

Date: September 11, 1997
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation of this provision has been dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. The TMDL issue has become controversial, in part because of requirements and costs now facing states to implement a 25-year-old provision of the law. Congressional activity to reauthorize the Act, a possibility in the 2nd Session of the 105th Congress, could include TMDL issues, but the direction for any such action is unclear at this time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Fund Sanctions for Clean Air Act Violations

Highway Fund Sanctions for Clean Air Act Violations

Date: October 22, 1997
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Media, and the Government: Perspectives, Trends, and Options for Policymakers

Terrorism, the Media, and the Government: Perspectives, Trends, and Options for Policymakers

Date: October 22, 1997
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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