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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Tying Up Loose Ends... Supreme Court To Evaluate Federal Firearm Provision Again

Tying Up Loose Ends... Supreme Court To Evaluate Federal Firearm Provision Again

Date: December 3, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses certiorari to hear Voisine v. United States, a decision examining the federal provision that makes it unlawful for an individual to possess a firearm or ammunition if he or she has been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence (MCDV).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Police Use of Force: Rules, Remedies, and Reforms

Police Use of Force: Rules, Remedies, and Reforms

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: This report addresses three overarching questions to provide legal context for the debate concerning the appropriate level of force police officers should wield: (1) what are the constitutional rules governing an officer's use of force; (2) what role has Congress played in providing a remedy for a violation of these rules; and (3) what are the potential reforms to these rules and remedies?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Violent Crime in the United States Increasing?

Is Violent Crime in the United States Increasing?

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: Overall, homicide and violent crime rates have been trending downward for more than two decades, and both rates are at historic lows. An analysis comparing 2014 and 2015 homicide data from the nation's 60 most populous cities suggests that violent crime is not increasing. This report discusses several short-term factors that might help explain some of the reported upticks in violent crime across the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

Date: October 27, 2015
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report provides background and funding information for Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) programs and the Crime Victims Fund (CVF). It describes the process through which CVF funds are allocated and explains how the CVF impacts the annual budget for DOJ. It then provides an analysis of selected issues that Congress may consider regarding the CVF and the federal budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sentencing Reform: Comparison of Selected Proposals

Sentencing Reform: Comparison of Selected Proposals

Date: October 26, 2015
Creator: Cole, Jared P. & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a comparison of selected criminal sentencing reform bills as introduced: H.R. 3713, H.R. 2944, S. 502, and H.R. 920; and S. 2123 as passed by the Senate Judiciary Committee with a manager's amendment).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is This the First Step in Undoing Mass Incarceration? 6,000 Federal Drug Offenders Set to be Released

Is This the First Step in Undoing Mass Incarceration? 6,000 Federal Drug Offenders Set to be Released

Date: October 22, 2015
Creator: James, Nathan & Yeh, Brian T.
Description: In early November, the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is scheduled to release approximately 6,000 federal inmates convicted of drug trafficking offenses. This report briefly examines the background of this release and its potential effects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexico Security Cooperation Following "El Chapo" Guzmán's Escape

U.S.-Mexico Security Cooperation Following "El Chapo" Guzmán's Escape

Date: October 20, 2015
Creator: Beittel, June S. & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report discusses U.S.-Mexican security cooperation in the wake of the escape of Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán on July 11, 2015, from a maximum security federal prison near Mexico City.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Backlog of Sexual Assault Evidence: In Brief

Backlog of Sexual Assault Evidence: In Brief

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N. & James, Nathan
Description: This report provides background on the sexual assault kit (SAKs, also referred to as "rape kits") backlog and information on federal efforts to reduce it. The backlog of SAKs has raised concerns over justice for assault victims and that additional victimizations could have been prevented had the evidence from any given kit been tested and the perpetrator apprehended in a timely manner.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA): Background and Funding

Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA): Background and Funding

Date: October 14, 2015
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the federal response to domestic violence--defined broadly to include acts of physical and nonphysical violence against spouses and other intimate partners--through the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sentence Reform Acts: S.2123 and H.R. 3713

Sentence Reform Acts: S.2123 and H.R. 3713

Date: October 14, 2015
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act of 2015, S. 2123, and the Sentencing Reform Act of 2015, H.R. 3713, use virtually identical language to reduce the impact of the mandatory minimum sentences which federal courts must now impose for certain drug trafficking and firearms offenses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department