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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hate Crime Legislation

Hate Crime Legislation

Date: October 16, 2009
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the hate crime debate, with background on current law and hate crime statistics, and a legislative history of hate crime prevention bills in recent Congresses. This report does not analyze the constitutional or other legal issues that often arise as part of the hate crime debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: October 16, 2009
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report discusses the issue of trafficking in persons (TIP) in Latin America, giving background information and examining possible policy solutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Parental Child Abductions

International Parental Child Abductions

Date: November 2, 2009
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by a parent to foreign nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guantanamo Detention Center: Legislative Activity in the 111th Congress

Guantanamo Detention Center: Legislative Activity in the 111th Congress

Date: November 6, 2009
Creator: Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report analyzes relevant provisions in enacted legislation and selected pending bills relating to the U.S. Naval Station in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a facility in which alleged enemy belligerents are detained.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Date: November 17, 2009
Creator: Garcia, Michael John; Bazan, Elizabeth B.; Mason, R. Chuck; Liu, Edward C. & Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report provides an overview of major legal issues likely to arise as a result of executive and legislative action to close the Guantanamo detention facility. It discusses legal issues related to the transfer of Guantanamo detainees, the continued detention of such persons in the United States, and the possible removal of persons brought into the country. It also discusses selected constitutional issues that may arise in the criminal prosecution of detainees, emphasizing the procedural and substantive protections that are utilized in different adjudicatory forums.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of Rights in Military Commission Trials and Trials in Federal Criminal Court

Comparison of Rights in Military Commission Trials and Trials in Federal Criminal Court

Date: November 19, 2009
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides a brief summary of legal issues raised by the choice of forum for trying accused terrorists and a table comparing selected military commissions rules under the Military Commissions Act, as amended, to the corresponding rules that apply in federal court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security Assistance to States and Localities: A Summary and Issues for the 111th Congress

Department of Homeland Security Assistance to States and Localities: A Summary and Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report summarizes several emergency management and homeland security programs, and identifies and analyzes potential issues for the 111th Congress. These issues include the purpose and number of assistance programs; the evaluation of the use of grant funding; the determination of eligible grant recipients; the programs' funding amounts; and the programs; funding distribution methodologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy: An Overview of Federal Statues Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping

Privacy: An Overview of Federal Statues Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping

Date: December 3, 2009
Creator: Stevens, Gina & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping. It also appends citations to state law in the area and contains a bibliography of legal commentary as well as the text of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). This report also includes a brief summary of the recently expired Protect America Act, P.L. 110-55 and of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 Amendments Act of 2008, P.L. 110-261 (H.R. 6304).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: December 4, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guantanamo Detention Center: Legislative Activity in the 111th Congress

Guantanamo Detention Center: Legislative Activity in the 111th Congress

Date: December 30, 2009
Creator: Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report analyzes relevant provisions in enacted legislation and selected pending bills relating to the U.S. Naval Station in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a facility in which alleged enemy combatants are detained.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Watchlist Checks and Air Passenger Prescreening

Terrorist Watchlist Checks and Air Passenger Prescreening

Date: December 30, 2009
Creator: Krouse, William J. & Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses the controversy continues to surround U.S. air passenger prescreening and terrorist watchlist checks. In the past, such controversy centered around diverted international flights and misidentified passengers. Recent incidents raise new policy issues regarding the interaction between these broader terrorist databases and systems and the "No-Fly" and selectee lists, as well as the relationship between passenger prescreening processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS): Background, Legislation, and Funding

Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS): Background, Legislation, and Funding

Date: January 5, 2010
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report discusses the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program, which was created by Title I of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (P.L. 103-322). The mission of the COPS program is to advance community policing in all jurisdictions across the United States. Several bills introduced in the 111th Congress would either modify the COPS program, reauthorize appropriations for the program, or both.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identity Theft: Trends and Issues

Identity Theft: Trends and Issues

Date: January 5, 2010
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report first provides a brief federal legislative history of identity theft laws. It analyzes the current trends in identity theft, including prevalent identity theft-related crimes, the federal agencies involved in combating identity theft, and the trends in identity theft complaints and prosecutions. The report also discusses the relationship between data breaches and identity theft as well as possible effects of the FTC's Identity Theft Red Flags Rule, effective June 1, 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: January 11, 2010
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Date: January 12, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael J. & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report focuses on the terrorism-related grounds for inadmissibility and deportation/removal. It opens with an overview of the terror-related grounds as they evolved through recent years. The section on current law explains several legal definitions, and describes the terror-related grounds for inadmissibility and removal. The report then discusses the screening process to determine admissibility and to identify possible terrorists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hate Crime Legislation

Hate Crime Legislation

Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the hate crime debate, with background on current law and hate crime statistics, and a legislative history of hate crime prevention bills in recent Congresses. This report does not analyze the constitutional or other legal issues that often arise as part of the hate crime debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)--Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)--Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report looks at inadequacies present in the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) which prevent the Center from adequately performing its duty. These inadequacies include issues with agency organization, lack of resources, and a focus on threats from Yemen over domestic threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: January 20, 2010
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report looks at instances of trafficking in persons (TIP) in Latin America. It looks at current legislation in the U.S. to combat this problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Burma and Transnational Crime

Burma and Transnational Crime

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: This report analyzes the primary actors driving transnational crime in Burma, the forms of transnational crime occurring, and current U.S. policy in combating these crimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The MS-13 and 18th Street Gangs: Emerging Transnational Gang Threats?

The MS-13 and 18th Street Gangs: Emerging Transnational Gang Threats?

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Franco, Celinda
Description: This report provides an overview of the MS-13 and M-18 gangs,5 examines how MS-13 and M-18 gangs are different from other gangs and organized crime groups, and discusses what constitutes a transnational gang. The report also explores whether MS-13 and M-18 gangs are transnational gangs, and discusses the various federal responses to these gangs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Proposed Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report examines three labor issues and arguments related to the pending U.S.-Colombia free trade agreement (CFTA; H.R. 5724 and S. 2830): violence against trade unionists; impunity (accountability for or punishment of the perpetrators); and worker rights protections for Colombians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Attacks on Commercial Airlines: Federal Criminal Prohibitions

Terrorist Attacks on Commercial Airlines: Federal Criminal Prohibitions

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a brief description of offenses with which terrorists may be charged, an outline of the penalties to which they may be subject, and of the jurisdictional circumstances under which offenses they may be federally prosecuted regardless of whether they are committed within the United States or overseas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of Rights in Military Commission Trials and Trials in Federal Criminal Court

Comparison of Rights in Military Commission Trials and Trials in Federal Criminal Court

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides a brief summary of legal issues raised by the choice of forum for trying accused terrorists and a chart comparing selected military commissions rules under the Military Commissions Act, as amended, to the corresponding rules that apply in federal court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department