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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Al Qaeda and Affiliates: Historical Perspective, Global Presence, and Implications for U.S. Policy

Al Qaeda and Affiliates: Historical Perspective, Global Presence, and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Rollins, John
Description: The focus of this report is on the history of Al Qaeda, known (or attributed) actions, suspected capabilities of the organization and non-aligned entities, and an analysis of select regional Al Qaeda affiliates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Efforts to Address the Threat of Bioterrorism: Selected Issues and Options for Congress

Federal Efforts to Address the Threat of Bioterrorism: Selected Issues and Options for Congress

Date: February 8, 2011
Creator: Gottron, Frank & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report focuses on four areas under congressional consideration deemed critical to the success of the biodefense enterprise: strategic planning; risk assessment; surveillance; and the development, procurement, and distribution of medical countermeasures. This report also discusses the effectiveness and sufficiency of programs implementing these aspects of the federal biodefense efforts, outside analysts' suggestions for improving the government's efforts, and current issues under congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Date: February 11, 2011
Creator: Garcia, Michael John; Elsea, Jennifer K.; Mason, R. Chuck & Liu, Edward, C.
Description: This report provides an overview of major legal issues likely to arise as a result of executive and legislative action to close the Guantanamo detention facility. It discusses legal issues related to the transfer of Guantanamo detainees, the continued detention of such persons in the United States, and the possible removal of persons brought into the country. It also discusses selected constitutional issues that may arise in the criminal prosecution of detainees, emphasizing the procedural and substantive protections that are utilized in different adjudicatory forums.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence in African Conflicts

Sexual Violence in African Conflicts

Date: February 23, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report focuses on conflicts in Africa in which sexual violence is reported to be widespread or systematic. It describes the context in which such violence takes place, selected cases where it is currently occurring, and U.S. policy responses. The report concludes with a discussion of potential policy considerations, including the design and effectiveness of U.S. programs; coordination between agencies and between international donors; and the question of whether policy responses to sexual violence can be separated from the broader context in which such violence occurs. The report includes a detailed case study of DRC, which has drawn particular attention from the Obama Administration and the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Southwest Border Violence: Issues in Identifying and Measuring Spillover Violence

Southwest Border Violence: Issues in Identifying and Measuring Spillover Violence

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Krouse, William J. & Randol, Mark A.
Description: This report looks at the nature of the U.S.-Mexico drug trafficking conflict and assessments of how the conflict could spill across the border.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

Date: February 1, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report looks at inadequacies present in the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) which prevent the Center from adequately performing its duty. These inadequacies include issues with agency organization, lack of resources, and a focus on threats from Yemen over domestic threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of the World Trade Center Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program and the World Trade Center Health Program Created by Title I of P.L. 111-347, the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010

Comparison of the World Trade Center Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program and the World Trade Center Health Program Created by Title I of P.L. 111-347, the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Szymendera, Scott & Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report compares the current federally-supported medical screening and treatment program offered to various persons affected by the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, with the federal program established by Title I of P.L. 111-347, the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Crime Control Issues in the 111th Congress

Federal Crime Control Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report aggregates various issues surrounding federal crime control into five broad themes: violent crime control, combating fraud and theft, drug control, sentencing reform, and state and local justice assistance. Within these themes, the report examines more specific issues that confronted the 111th Congress. Issues discussed under the umbrella of violent crime control include hate crimes, gangs, and gun control. Issues related to the federal government's efforts to combat fraud and theft include identity theft and organized retail crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 7, 2011
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Egyptian politics and current issues in U.S.-Egyptian relations. It briefly provides a political history of modern Egypt, an overview of its political institutions, and a discussion of the prospects for democratization in Egypt. U.S.-Egyptian relations are complex and multi-faceted, and this report addresses the following current topics: the Arab-Israeli peace process, Iraq, terrorism, democratization and reform, human rights, trade, and military cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control Legislation

Gun Control Legislation

Date: February 3, 2011
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides basic firearms-related statistics, an overview of federal firearms law, and a summary of legislative action in the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department