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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agroterrorism: Options in Congress

Agroterrorism: Options in Congress

Date: December 19, 2001
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E
Description: Although U.S. intelligence agencies have not identified any terrorist acts targeting agricultural production (i.e., agroterrorism) in the United States to date, the events of September 11, 2001 have awakened the nation to their possibility. Some experts estimate that a single agroterrorist attack using a highly contagious livestock disease could cost between $10 billion and $30 billion to the U.S. economy. This report examines the potential threats to America’s agriculture from a deliberate biological attack, describes the current defense structure and capabilities available to respond to agroterrorism, and analyzes current congressional proposals to address the threat of biological weapons to U.S. agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Date: November 28, 2001
Creator: Teasley, David & Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: McNeal, Dewardric L
Description: This report provides an overview of the Muslim separatist movement in China’s northwestern Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China’s attempts to stifle activities which it considers terrorism, and implications for U.S. policy. Some analysts suggest that the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism may make it difficult to pressure the Chinese government on human rights and religious freedoms, particularly as they relate to Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Victims' Rights Amendment in the 106th Congress: Overview of Suggestions to Amend the Constitution

Victims' Rights Amendment in the 106th Congress: Overview of Suggestions to Amend the Constitution

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants

Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants

Date: October 30, 2001
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation was dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: January 19, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: November 2, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: December 12, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Quality: Implementing the Clean Water Act

Water Quality: Implementing the Clean Water Act

Date: August 15, 2001
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: The Federal Response

Crime Control: The Federal Response

Date: January 24, 2001
Creator: Teasley, David
Description: Under the federal system in the United States, the states and localities traditionally have held the major responsibility for prevention and control of crime and maintenance of order. For most of the Republic’s history, “police powers” in the broad sense were reserved to the states under the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution. Many still hold that view, but others see a string of court decisions in recent decades as providing the basis for a far more active federal role. Several bills are discussed in this report that address issues related to crime, juvenile justice, and school violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Date: September 13, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Date: September 19, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Date: November 2, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Current Palestinian Uprising: Al-Aqsa Intifadah

The Current Palestinian Uprising: Al-Aqsa Intifadah

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Ruebner, Joshua; Mark, Clyde R; Katzman, Kenneth & Prados, Alfred B
Description: Facing a September 13, 2000 deadline for concluding a comprehensive Israeli- Palestinian agreement on all permanent status issues, President Bill Clinton convened a trilateral summit with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Chairman Yasser Arafat at Camp David on July 11, 2000. The summit, which lasted until July 24, 2000, did not produce an agreement. Members of 106th Congress responded to the al-Aqsa Intifadah by introducing bills that supported Israel’s actions, encouraged the U.S. Administration to oppose any anti-Israel resolutions in the United Nations, called upon Palestinians to negotiate a resolution, and proposed cutting foreign assistance to the Palestinians if they did not stop the uprising.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyberwarfare

Cyberwarfare

Date: June 19, 2001
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Description: Cyberwarfare raises issues of growing national interest and concern. Cyberwarfare can be used to describe various aspects of defending and attacking information and computer networks in cyberspace, as well as denying an adversary’s ability to do the same. Some major problems encountered with cyber attacks, in particular, are the difficulty in determining the origin and nature of the attack and in assessing the damage incurred.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Zedillo and Fox, December 1994-March 2001

Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Zedillo and Fox, December 1994-March 2001

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and the Military's Role in Domestic Crisis Management: Background and Issues for Congress

Terrorism and the Military's Role in Domestic Crisis Management: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 19, 2001
Creator: Brake, Jeffrey D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Funding: FY2002 Appropriations Bills

Terrorism Funding: FY2002 Appropriations Bills

Date: October 25, 2001
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Jonathan Pollard: Background and Considerations for Presidential Clemency

Jonathan Pollard: Background and Considerations for Presidential Clemency

Date: January 31, 2001
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A & Mark, Clyde R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Attack on USS Cole: Background and Issues for Congress

Terrorist Attack on USS Cole: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 30, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F & O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Response to Terrorism: Legal Aspects of the Use of Military Force

Response to Terrorism: Legal Aspects of the Use of Military Force

Date: September 13, 2001
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trying Terrorists as War Criminals

Trying Terrorists as War Criminals

Date: October 29, 2001
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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