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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Efforts to Address the Threat of Bioterrorism: Selected Issues for Congress

Federal Efforts to Address the Threat of Bioterrorism: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Gottron, Frank & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report focuses on four areas under congressional consideration deemed critical to the success of the biodefense enterprise: strategic planning; risk assessment; surveillance; and the development, procurement, and distribution of medical countermeasures. This report also discusses the effectiveness and sufficiency of programs implementing these aspects of the federal biodefense efforts, outside analysts' suggestions for improving the government's efforts, and current issues under congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Date: October 23, 2014
Creator: McCallion, Gail & Feder, Jody
Description: Currently, there are two federal laws that address sexual violence on college campuses: the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (Clery Act, P.L. 101-542) and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX, P.L. 92-318). Following a discussion exploring the prevalence of sexual violence at IHEs, this report provides a detailed policy and legal analysis of these two statutes, as well as a brief description of a third statute related to educational privacy. The report concludes with a summary of the steps that have been taken by Congress and the Administration to address campus sexual violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hate Crime Legislation

Hate Crime Legislation

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the hate crime debate, with background on current law and hate crime statistics, and a legislative history of hate crime prevention bills in recent Congresses. This report does not analyze the constitutional or other legal issues that often arise as part of the hate crime debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybercrime: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. 1030 and Related Federal Criminal Laws

Cybercrime: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. 1030 and Related Federal Criminal Laws

Date: October 15, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), 18 U.S.C. 1030, which is a cyber security law that outlaws conduct that victimizes computer systems. It protects federal computers, bank computers, and computers connected to the Internet by shielding them from trespassing, threats, damage, espionage, and from being corruptly used as instruments of fraud.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: January 3, 2011
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crimes of Violence Committed Against Federal Officials or Employees: A Brief Overview of Federal Criminal Law

Crimes of Violence Committed Against Federal Officials or Employees: A Brief Overview of Federal Criminal Law

Date: January 11, 2011
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses dozens of federal statutes that outlaw homicide, assault, and threats under varying jurisdictional circumstances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Organized Retail Crime

Organized Retail Crime

Date: June 16, 2010
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report provides an overview of organized retail crime rings, their operations, and goods targeted. It then examines the domestic impact of organized retail crime (ORC) in the arenas of the economy, public health and safety, and domestic security. The report also outlines current efforts by retailers, resale markets, and the federal government to combat ORC. It then analyzes various policy issues that the 111th Congress may wish to consider, including whether current federal resources provided for the investigation of ORC are adequate, whether to amend the U.S. Code to criminalize ORC, and whether to regulate resale marketplaces that may be utilized as fences for criminals to sell stolen goods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Material Support: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 2339A and 2339B

Terrorist Material Support: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 2339A and 2339B

Date: July 19, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the two federal material support statutes that have been at the heart of the Justice Department's terrorist prosecution efforts. One provision outlaws providing material support for the commission of certain designated offenses that might be committed by terrorists, 18 U.S.C. 2339A. The other outlaws providing material support to certain designated terrorist organizations, 18 U.S.C. 2339B. They share a common definition of the term "material support," some aspects of which have recently come under constitutional attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control Legislation in the 113th Congress

Gun Control Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report looks at past gun control legislation and also how recent events (such as the shootings in Newtown, Connecticut, Aurora, Colorado, and Tucson, Arizona) have influenced current congressional discourse and legislation. The report also specifically examines certain contentious, gun related topics including universal background checks, gun trafficking, and military style firearms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael John; Bazan, Elizabeth B.; Mason, R. Chuck; Liu, Edward C. & Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report provides an overview of major legal issues likely to arise as a result of executive and legislative action to close the Guantanamo detention facility. It discusses legal issues related to the transfer of Guantanamo detainees, the continued detention of such persons in the United States, and the possible removal of persons brought into the country. It also discusses selected constitutional issues that may arise in the criminal prosecution of detainees, emphasizing the procedural and substantive protections that are utilized in different adjudicatory forums.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Foreign Fighters and the Islamic State: Broad Challenges for Federal Law Enforcement

American Foreign Fighters and the Islamic State: Broad Challenges for Federal Law Enforcement

Date: September 19, 2014
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report offers a framework for considering the challenges to domestic security posed by American fighters in the terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS, previously referred to as ISIS or ISIL) and outlines some of the ways that U.S. law enforcement responds to such challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Military Commissions Act of 2009 (MCA 2009): Overview and Legal Issues

The Military Commissions Act of 2009 (MCA 2009): Overview and Legal Issues

Date: March 7, 2014
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under the revised Military Commissions Act (MCA) to those established by the MCA 2006. After reviewing the history of the implementation of military commissions in the armed conflict against Al Qaeda and associated forces, the report provides an overview of the procedural safeguards provided in the MCA. Finally, the report provides two charts comparing the MCA as amended by the MCA 2009 to the original MCA enacted in 2006 and to general courts-martial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control Proposals in the 113th Congress: Universal Background Checks, Gun Trafficking, and Military Style Firearms

Gun Control Proposals in the 113th Congress: Universal Background Checks, Gun Trafficking, and Military Style Firearms

Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal firearms law and examines these gun control proposals and related amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Mass Shootings in the United States: Selected Implications for Federal Public Health and Safety Policy

Public Mass Shootings in the United States: Selected Implications for Federal Public Health and Safety Policy

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Bagalman, Erin; Caldwell, Sarah W.; Finklea, Kristin M. & McCallion, Gail
Description: This report focuses on mass shootings and selected implications they have for federal policy in the areas of public health and safety. While such crimes most directly impact particular citizens in very specific communities, addressing these violent episodes involves officials at all levels of government and professionals from numerous disciplines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Mass Shootings in the United States: Selected Implications for Federal Public Health and Safety Policy

Public Mass Shootings in the United States: Selected Implications for Federal Public Health and Safety Policy

Date: March 18, 2013
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Bagalman, Erin; Caldwell, Sarah W.; Finklea, Kristin M. & McCallion, Gail
Description: This report focuses on mass shootings and selected implications they have for federal policy in the areas of public health and safety. While such crimes most directly impact particular citizens in very specific communities, addressing these violent episodes involves officials at all levels of government and professionals from numerous disciplines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supporting Criminal Justice System Reform in Mexico: The U.S. Role

Supporting Criminal Justice System Reform in Mexico: The U.S. Role

Date: March 18, 2013
Creator: Seelke, Claire Ribando
Description: This report provides an overview of Mexico's historic 2008 judicial reforms and an assessment of how those reforms have been implemented thus far. It then analyzes U.S. support for judicial reform efforts in Mexico and raises issues for Congress to consider as it oversees current U.S. justice sector programs and considers future support to Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Date: April 5, 2013
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. & Beittel, June S.
Description: This is a report regarding U.S. attention to terrorism in Latin America, which has intensified in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The report talks about the 112th Congress's initiatives that have been introduced related to terrorism issues in the Western Hemisphere regarding Mexico, Venezuela, and the activities of Iran and Hezbollah.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DNA Testing in Criminal Justice: Background, Current Law, Grants, and Issues

DNA Testing in Criminal Justice: Background, Current Law, Grants, and Issues

Date: January 9, 2014
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report provides an overview of how DNA is used to investigate crimes and help protect the innocent. It also reviews current statutory law on collecting DNA samples, sharing DNA profiles generated from those samples, and providing access to post-conviction DNA testing. The report also includes a summary of grant programs authorized by Congress to assist state and local governments with reducing DNA backlogs, provide post-conviction DNA testing, and promote new technology in the field. It also reviews select issues Congress might consider should it legislate or conduct oversight in this area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program

Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program

Date: January 30, 2013
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report provides background information on the The Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) program. It begins with a discussion of the programs that were combined to form the JAG program: the Byrne Formula Grant and LLEBG programs. The report then provides an overview of the JAG program. This is followed by a review of appropriations for JAG and its predecessor programs going back to FY1998. The report concludes with a discussion of some of the issues Congress might consider as it debates the future of the JAG program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DNA Testing in Criminal Justice: Background, Current Law, Grants, and Issues

DNA Testing in Criminal Justice: Background, Current Law, Grants, and Issues

Date: December 6, 2012
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report provides an overview of how DNA is used to investigate crimes and help protect the innocent. It also reviews current statutory law on collecting DNA samples, sharing DNA profiles generated from those samples, and providing access to post-conviction DNA testing. The report also includes a summary of grant programs authorized by Congress to assist state and local governments with reducing DNA backlogs, provide post-conviction DNA testing, and promote new technology in the field.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations for FY2011

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations for FY2011

Date: August 11, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) budget and operations. This report chronicles congressional action on the FY2011 Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS), and Related Agencies Appropriations bills, as well as any FY2010 supplemental appropriations bills, that provide funding for ATF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations for FY2010

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations for FY2010

Date: April 27, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) budget and operations. This report chronicles congressional action on the FY2011 Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS), and Related Agencies Appropriations bills, as well as any FY2010 supplemental appropriations bills, that provide funding for ATF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations for FY2008, FY2009, and FY2010

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations for FY2008, FY2009, and FY2010

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) budget and operations for FY2008, FY2009, and FY2010. It chronicles congressional action on the annual Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS), and Related Agencies Appropriations bills for those fiscal years, as well as action on supplemental and stimulus appropriations bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control Legislation in the 113th Congress

Gun Control Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: January 8, 2015
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report looks at past gun control legislation and also how recent events (such as the shootings in Newtown, Connecticut; Aurora, Colorado; and Tucson, Arizona) have influenced current congressional discourse and legislation. The report also specifically examines certain contentious, gun related topics including universal background checks, gun trafficking, and military style firearms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department