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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
President Obama Announces Executive Actions to "Reduce Gun Violence"

President Obama Announces Executive Actions to "Reduce Gun Violence"

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly discusses executive actions aimed at, among other things, "keep[ing] guns out of the wrong hands through background checks" and "mak[ing] our communities safer from gun violence." These actions include, for example, directing specified executive agencies to conduct or sponsor research into gun safety technology and finalizing a rule requiring firearms shippers to notify law enforcement of any firearms lost or stolen in transit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report contains an overview of the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Initiative (BPV program). It also provides a discussion of data on law enforcement agencies that require their officers to wear armor vests while on duty, research on why officers may choose to wear armor vests, research on the life cycle for armor vests, data on the use of body armor by law enforcement officers who were killed with a firearm, and research on the effectiveness of armor vests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing Adults: Background, Federal Programs, and Issues for Congress

Missing Adults: Background, Federal Programs, and Issues for Congress

Date: May 7, 2013
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: The first section of this report discusses demographics and record keeping of missing adults and unidentified remains, as well as some of the factors that may contribute to the disappearance of adults. This section also discusses federally funded databases that are used to track data on missing adults and unidentified individuals. The second section of the report describes the federal programs and initiatives to assist in locating missing adults, including funding data where applicable. Finally, the third section discusses issues about the federal role in missing adult cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing Adults: Background, Federal Programs, and Issues for Congress

Missing Adults: Background, Federal Programs, and Issues for Congress

Date: February 11, 2015
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: The first section of this report discusses demographics and record keeping of missing adults and unidentified remains, as well as some of the factors that may contribute to the disappearance of adults. This section also discusses federally-funded databases that are used to track data on missing adults and unidentified individuals. The second section of the report describes the federal programs and initiatives to assist in locating missing adults, including funding data where applicable. Finally, the third section discusses issues about the federal role in missing adult cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of FY2016 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Overview of FY2016 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report tracks and describes actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2016 appropriations for the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2015 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as part of the annual appropriation for CJS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Capital Offenses: An Overview of Substantive and Procedural Law

Federal Capital Offenses: An Overview of Substantive and Procedural Law

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Murder, committed under any of more than 50 jurisdictional circumstances, is a federal capital offense. So are treason, espionage, and certain drug kingpin offenses. The Federal Death Penalty Act and related provisions establish the procedure that must be followed before a defendant convicted of a federal capital offense may be executed. This report is an overview of the law in the area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Digital Searches and Seizures: Overview of Proposed Amendments to Rule 41 of the Rules of Criminal Procedure

Digital Searches and Seizures: Overview of Proposed Amendments to Rule 41 of the Rules of Criminal Procedure

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the proposed amendment to Rule 41, which would amend the federal search and seizure rules to permit the government to remotely access electronic devices although the location of the device may be unknown. First, the report provides a background on the origin of, and rationale underlying, the proposed amendment and a description of the rule as currently written. Second, it reviews the potential changes made by the proposed amendment and will survey various concerns commenters have raised with the proposal. Lastly, this report addresses efforts being made in Congress to alter, delay, or stop this rule change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interior Immigration Enforcement: Criminal Alien Programs

Interior Immigration Enforcement: Criminal Alien Programs

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report describes four programs operated by the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to identify and remove criminal and other removable aliens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Length of Time from Nomination to Confirmation for U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominees: Overview and Policy Options to Shorten the Process

Length of Time from Nomination to Confirmation for U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominees: Overview and Policy Options to Shorten the Process

Date: November 20, 2013
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Description: This report seeks to inform the current debate over the nomination and confirmation for U.S. circuit and district court nominees in three ways: first, by providing an overview of the time taken by the Senate during recent presidencies to confirm U.S. circuit and district court nominees; second, by identifying potential consequences of a protracted confirmation process for such nominees; and third, by identifying policy options the Senate might consider to shorten the length of time from nomination to confirmation for U.S. circuit and district court nominees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Domestic Human Trafficking Legislation in the 113th Congress

Domestic Human Trafficking Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: May 30, 2014
Creator: Siskin, Alison; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report discusses domestic human-trafficking-related issues that have received legislative action or are of significant congressional interest in the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Domestic Human Trafficking Legislation in the 113th Congress

Domestic Human Trafficking Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: May 19, 2014
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses domestic human-trafficking-related issues that have received legislative action or are of significant congressional interest in the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aiding, Abetting, and the Like: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 2

Aiding, Abetting, and the Like: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 2

Date: October 24, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discuses the issues that virtually every federal criminal statute has a hidden feature; helpers and hands-on offenders face the same punishment. This results from 18 U.S.C. 2, which visits the same consequences on anyone who orders or assists in the commission of a federal crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
D.C. Gun Laws and Proposed Amendments

D.C. Gun Laws and Proposed Amendments

Date: June 28, 2010
Creator: Chu, Vivian S.
Description: In the wake of the Supreme Court's decision in District of Columbia v. Heller, which declared three firearms provisions of the D.C. Code unconstitutional, a flurry of legislation was introduced both in Congress and in the District of Columbia Council. This report provides an analysis of the District's firearms laws and congressional proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Material Support: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. 2339A and 2339B

Terrorist Material Support: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. 2339A and 2339B

Date: July 19, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the two federal material support statutes that have been at the heart of the Justice Department's terrorist prosecution efforts. One provision outlaws providing material support for the commission of certain designated offenses that might be committed by terrorists, 18 U.S.C. 2339A. The other outlaws providing material support to certain designated terrorist organizations, 18 U.S.C. 2339B. They share a common definition of the term "material support," some aspects of which have recently come under constitutional attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Efforts to Address the Threat of Bioterrorism: Selected Issues for Congress

Federal Efforts to Address the Threat of Bioterrorism: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Gottron, Frank & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report focuses on four areas under congressional consideration deemed critical to the success of the biodefense enterprise: strategic planning; risk assessment; surveillance; and the development, procurement, and distribution of medical countermeasures. This report also discusses the effectiveness and sufficiency of programs implementing these aspects of the federal biodefense efforts, outside analysts' suggestions for improving the government's efforts, and current issues under congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Date: October 23, 2014
Creator: McCallion, Gail & Feder, Jody
Description: Currently, there are two federal laws that address sexual violence on college campuses: the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (Clery Act, P.L. 101-542) and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX, P.L. 92-318). Following a discussion exploring the prevalence of sexual violence at IHEs, this report provides a detailed policy and legal analysis of these two statutes, as well as a brief description of a third statute related to educational privacy. The report concludes with a summary of the steps that have been taken by Congress and the Administration to address campus sexual violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hate Crime Legislation

Hate Crime Legislation

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the hate crime debate, with background on current law and hate crime statistics, and a legislative history of hate crime prevention bills in recent Congresses. This report does not analyze the constitutional or other legal issues that often arise as part of the hate crime debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybercrime: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. 1030 and Related Federal Criminal Laws

Cybercrime: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. 1030 and Related Federal Criminal Laws

Date: October 15, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), 18 U.S.C. 1030, which is a cyber security law that outlaws conduct that victimizes computer systems. It protects federal computers, bank computers, and computers connected to the Internet by shielding them from trespassing, threats, damage, espionage, and from being corruptly used as instruments of fraud.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: January 3, 2011
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crimes of Violence Committed Against Federal Officials or Employees: A Brief Overview of Federal Criminal Law

Crimes of Violence Committed Against Federal Officials or Employees: A Brief Overview of Federal Criminal Law

Date: January 11, 2011
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses dozens of federal statutes that outlaw homicide, assault, and threats under varying jurisdictional circumstances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Organized Retail Crime

Organized Retail Crime

Date: June 16, 2010
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report provides an overview of organized retail crime rings, their operations, and goods targeted. It then examines the domestic impact of organized retail crime (ORC) in the arenas of the economy, public health and safety, and domestic security. The report also outlines current efforts by retailers, resale markets, and the federal government to combat ORC. It then analyzes various policy issues that the 111th Congress may wish to consider, including whether current federal resources provided for the investigation of ORC are adequate, whether to amend the U.S. Code to criminalize ORC, and whether to regulate resale marketplaces that may be utilized as fences for criminals to sell stolen goods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Material Support: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 2339A and 2339B

Terrorist Material Support: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 2339A and 2339B

Date: July 19, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the two federal material support statutes that have been at the heart of the Justice Department's terrorist prosecution efforts. One provision outlaws providing material support for the commission of certain designated offenses that might be committed by terrorists, 18 U.S.C. 2339A. The other outlaws providing material support to certain designated terrorist organizations, 18 U.S.C. 2339B. They share a common definition of the term "material support," some aspects of which have recently come under constitutional attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control Legislation in the 113th Congress

Gun Control Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report looks at past gun control legislation and also how recent events (such as the shootings in Newtown, Connecticut, Aurora, Colorado, and Tucson, Arizona) have influenced current congressional discourse and legislation. The report also specifically examines certain contentious, gun related topics including universal background checks, gun trafficking, and military style firearms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael John; Bazan, Elizabeth B.; Mason, R. Chuck; Liu, Edward C. & Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report provides an overview of major legal issues likely to arise as a result of executive and legislative action to close the Guantanamo detention facility. It discusses legal issues related to the transfer of Guantanamo detainees, the continued detention of such persons in the United States, and the possible removal of persons brought into the country. It also discusses selected constitutional issues that may arise in the criminal prosecution of detainees, emphasizing the procedural and substantive protections that are utilized in different adjudicatory forums.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department