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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade-Based Money Laundering: Overview and Policy Issues

Trade-Based Money Laundering: Overview and Policy Issues

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Miller, Rena S.; Rosen, Liana W. & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the scope of the trade-based money laundering (TBML) problem and analyzes selected U.S. government policy responses to address TBML. It includes a listing of hearings in the 114th Congress that addressed TBML.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mass Shootings and Terrorism: CRS Products

Mass Shootings and Terrorism: CRS Products

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E.
Description: This document provides a list of CRS reports on issues relevant to the mass shooting incident in Florida, including mass murder with firearms, firearms regulation, domestic terrorism, and hate crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Sentencing Reform Act of 2015 (H.R. 3713): A Summary

The Sentencing Reform Act of 2015 (H.R. 3713): A Summary

Date: May 16, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report examines H.R. 3713, the Sentencing Reform Act of 2015, which addresses the sentences that may be imposed in various drug and firearms cases. It proposes amendments to those areas of federal law that govern mandatory minimum sentencing requirements for drug and firearm offenses; the so-called safety valves which permits court to impose sentences below otherwise required mandatory minimums in the case of certain low-level drug offenders; and the retroactive application of the Fair Sentencing Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report examines the differences between domestic terrorism, hate crime, and homegrown violent extremism. Federal law enforcement agencies use these three distinct concepts to categorize key types of criminals whose illegal activities are at least partly ideologically motivated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
When Are Violent Crimes Federal Hate Crimes?

When Are Violent Crimes Federal Hate Crimes?

Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar briefly explains federal law in regards to hate crimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Assistance for Victims of Terrorism or Mass Violence: In Brief

Federal Assistance for Victims of Terrorism or Mass Violence: In Brief

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report focuses solely on assistance available from Department of Justice's (DOJ's) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)--the primary federal assistance available to victims of terrorism or mass violence. Jurisdictions and individuals may be eligible to receive various types of victim assistance both directly from the Department of Justice (DOJ) and indirectly from DOJ through their respective state victim assistance agencies or other programs following incidents of terrorism or mass violence in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration into the Community, and Recidivism

Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration into the Community, and Recidivism

Date: January 7, 2014
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report provides background information regarding the prison population in the United States that has been growing steadily for more than 30 years. The report presents correctional system statistics and discusses the federal government's involvement in offender reentry programs and the Second Chance Act (P.L. 110-199) that was enacted on April 9, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Domestic Terrorist Threat: Background and Issues for Congress

The Domestic Terrorist Threat: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2014
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report focuses on how domestic terrorism is conceptualized by the federal government and issues involved in assessing this threat's significance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA): Background and Funding

Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA): Background and Funding

Date: February 25, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: The focus of this report is on the federal response to domestic violence under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA). "Domestic violence" is used in the report to describe violence among intimate partners, including those involved in dating relationships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Date: April 3, 2014
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides references to analytical reports on cybersecurity from CRS, other government agencies, trade associations, and interest groups. The reports and related websites are grouped under the following cybersecurity topics: policy overview; National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC); cloud computing and FedRAMP; critical infrastructure; cybercrime, data breaches and data security; national security, cyber espionage, and cyberwar (including Stuxnet); international efforts; education/training/workforce; and research and development (R&D).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration into the Community, and Recidivism

Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration into the Community, and Recidivism

Date: February 25, 2014
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report provides background information regarding the prison population in the United States that has been growing steadily for more than 30 years. The report presents correctional system statistics and discusses the federal government's involvement in offender reentry programs and the Second Chance Act (P.L. 110-199) that was enacted on April 9, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Date: May 22, 2014
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides references to analytical reports on cybersecurity from CRS, other government agencies, trade associations, and interest groups. The reports and related websites are grouped under the following cybersecurity topics: policy overview; National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC); cloud computing and FedRAMP; critical infrastructure; cybercrime, data breaches and data security; national security, cyber espionage, and cyberwar (including Stuxnet); international efforts; education/training/workforce; and research and development (R&D).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Date: May 30, 2014
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides references to analytical reports on cybersecurity from CRS, other government agencies, trade associations, and interest groups. The reports and related websites are grouped under the following cybersecurity topics: policy overview; National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC); cloud computing and FedRAMP; critical infrastructure; cybercrime, data breaches and data security; national security, cyber espionage, and cyberwar (including Stuxnet); international efforts; education/training/workforce; and research and development (R&D).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Date: May 2, 2014
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides references to analytical reports on cybersecurity from CRS, other government agencies, trade associations, and interest groups. The reports and related websites are grouped under the following cybersecurity topics: policy overview; National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC); cloud computing and FedRAMP; critical infrastructure; cybercrime, data breaches and data security; national security, cyber espionage, and cyberwar (including Stuxnet); international efforts; education/training/workforce; and research and development (R&D).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration into the Community, and Recidivism

Offender Reentry: Correctional Statistics, Reintegration into the Community, and Recidivism

Date: June 12, 2014
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report provides background information regarding the prison population in the United States that has been growing steadily for more than 30 years. The report presents correctional system statistics and discusses the federal government's involvement in offender reentry programs and the Second Chance Act (P.L. 110-199) that was enacted on April 9, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: January 28, 2014
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional antitrafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising issues that may be helpful for the 113th Congress to consider as it continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Cocaine Sentencing Disparity: Sentencing Guidelines, Jurisprudence, and Legislation

Federal Cocaine Sentencing Disparity: Sentencing Guidelines, Jurisprudence, and Legislation

Date: August 5, 2010
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report discusses legislation and several court cases to examine the changing nature of Crack Cocaine penalties in comparison to powder cocaine. Until 2005, the Guidelines were binding on federal courts: the judge had discretion to sentence a defendant, but only within the narrow sentencing range that the Guidelines provided. In its 2005 opinion United States v. Booker, the Supreme Court declared that the Guidelines must be considered advisory rather than mandatory, in order to comply with the Constitution. Instead of being bound by the Guidelines, sentencing courts must treat the federal guidelines as just one of a number of sentencing factors (which include the need to avoid undue sentencing disparity).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, Miranda, and Related Matters

Terrorism, Miranda, and Related Matters

Date: May 24, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides background information regarding Miranda rights and public safety exception. The report discusses Supreme Court decisions on Miranda v. Arizona, due process inquiry, and the Fifth Amendment right.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control Legislation

Gun Control Legislation

Date: December 21, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides basic firearms-related statistics, an overview of federal firearms law, and a summary of legislative action in the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deprivation of Honest Services as a Basis for Federal Mail and Wire Fraud Convictions

Deprivation of Honest Services as a Basis for Federal Mail and Wire Fraud Convictions

Date: July 28, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The United States Supreme Court in Skilling v. United States construed the honest services branch of the federal mail and wire fraud statutes to reach no more than cases involving bribery or kickbacks. The mail and wire fraud statutes, 18 U.S.C. ยงยง 1341 and 1343, impose criminal penalties for the use of mail or interstate wire communications to deprive another of money or property through a "scheme or artifice to defraud." This report discusses wire and mail fraud and examines relevant court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Lands and Natural Resources: Overview and Selected Issues for the 113th Congress

Federal Lands and Natural Resources: Overview and Selected Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: October 14, 2014
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides references to analytical reports on cybersecurity from CRS, other government agencies, trade associations, and interest groups. The reports and related websites are grouped under the following cybersecurity topics: policy overview; National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC); cloud computing and FedRAMP; critical infrastructure; cybercrime, data breaches and data security; national security, cyber espionage, and cyberwar (including Stuxnet); international efforts; education/training/workforce; and research and development (R&D).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Habeas Corpus Legislation in the 111th Congress

Habeas Corpus Legislation in the 111th Congress

Date: December 30, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a brief overview of the recommendations from the Constitution Subcommittee of the House Committee on the Judiciary and legislative proposals on habeas review.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)--Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)--Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

Date: January 7, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report looks at inadequacies present in the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) which prevent the Center from adequately performing its duty. These inadequacies include issues with agency organization, lack of resources, and a focus on threats from Yemen over domestic threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control Legislation

Gun Control Legislation

Date: August 27, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides basic firearms-related statistics, an overview of federal firearms law, and a summary of legislative action in the 111th Congress. The report concludes with salient issues that have generated significant congressional interest, including the 1994-2004 LCAFD ban.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department