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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Sexual Violence in African Conflicts

Sexual Violence in African Conflicts

Date: February 23, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report focuses on conflicts in Africa in which sexual violence is reported to be widespread or systematic. It describes the context in which such violence takes place, selected cases where it is currently occurring, and U.S. policy responses. The report concludes with a discussion of potential policy considerations, including the design and effectiveness of U.S. programs; coordination between agencies and between international donors; and the question of whether policy responses to sexual violence can be separated from the broader context in which such violence occurs. The report includes a detailed case study of DRC, which has drawn particular attention from the Obama Administration and the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Criminal Court Cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues

International Criminal Court Cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues

Date: March 7, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Margesson, Rhoda; Browne, Marjorie Ann & Weed, Matthew C.
Description: The International Criminal Court (ICC) has, to date, opened cases exclusively in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Statute of the ICC, also known as the Rome Statute, entered into force on July 1, 2002, and established a permanent, independent Court to investigate and bring to justice individuals who commit war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. As of October 2010, 114 countries-including 31 African countries, the largest regional block-were parties to the Statute. The United States is not a party. This report provides background on current ICC cases and examines issues raised by the ICC's actions in Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Criminal Court and the Rome Statute: 2010 Review Conference

International Criminal Court and the Rome Statute: 2010 Review Conference

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report is a summary of the 2010 International Criminal Court (ICC) Review Conference in which several countries discuss political and legal ramifications of the ICC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues

Date: March 28, 2011
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report provides an overview of major legal issues that are likely to arise as a result of executive and legislative action to close the Guantanamo detention facility. It discusses legal issues related to the transfer or release of Guantanamo detainees, the continued detention of such persons in the United States, and the possible removal of persons brought to the United States. It considers selected constitutional issues that may arise in the criminal prosecution of detainees. Issues discussed include detainees’ right to a speedy trial, the prohibition against prosecution under ex post facto laws, and limitations upon the admissibility of hearsay and secret evidence in criminal cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Judicial Activity Concerning Enemy Combatant Detainees: Major Court Rulings

Judicial Activity Concerning Enemy Combatant Detainees: Major Court Rulings

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K. & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report discusses major judicial opinions concerning suspected enemy belligerents detained in the conflict with Al Qaeda and the Taliban. The report addresses all Supreme Court decisions concerning enemy combatants. It also discusses notable circuit court opinions addressing issues of ongoing relevance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Appellate Jurisdiction Over Military Court Cases

Supreme Court Appellate Jurisdiction Over Military Court Cases

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Mason, Chuck R.
Description: This report discusses events in which the U.S. Supreme Court would have jurisdiction over military court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protecting Classified Information and the Rights of Criminal Defendants: The Classified Information Procedures Act

Protecting Classified Information and the Rights of Criminal Defendants: The Classified Information Procedures Act

Date: March 31, 2011
Creator: Liu, Edward, C.
Description: This report gives an overview of the Classified Information Procedures Act, enacted by the 96th Congress, which provides uniform procedures for prosecutions involving classified information. It provides a background of the act and discusses its various sections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Background and Issues

Proposed U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Background and Issues

Date: April 12, 2011
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report examines three labor issues and arguments related to the pending U.S.-Colombia free trade agreement (CFTA; H.R. 5724 and S. 2830): violence against trade unionists, impunity (accountability for or punishment of the perpetrators), and worker rights protections for Colombians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Proposed U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report examines three labor issues and arguments related to the pending U.S.-Colombia free trade agreement (CFTA; H.R. 5724 and S. 2830): violence against trade unionists; impunity (accountability for or punishment of the perpetrators); and worker rights protections for Colombians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department