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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses S. 113, a bill to extend the coverage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA") to non-U.S. persons who engage in international terrorism or activities in preparation for terrorist acts, without a showing of membership in or affiliation with an international terrorist group.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Botswana: The San (Bushmen) Rights Case

Botswana: The San (Bushmen) Rights Case

Date: October 19, 2004
Creator: Townsend, Jeff
Description: This report discusses the case of San people of Botswana against the government of Botswana.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Laney, Garrine P.
Description: This report discusses the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 2000 which reauthorized most of the original act’s programs and created new grant programs to prevent sexual assaults on campuses, assist victims of violence with civil legal concerns, create transitional housing for victims of domestic abuse (administered by HHS), and enhance protections for elderly and disabled victims of domestic violence. VAWA 2000, also, created a pilot program for safe custody exchange for families of domestic violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
RICO: An Abridged Sketch

RICO: An Abridged Sketch

Date: November 3, 2004
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization (RICO) provisions enacted by Congress as part of the Organized Crime Control Act of 1970.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: March 10, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under Military Commission Order (M.C.O.) No. 1 and general military courts-martial conducted under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President's Military Order (M.O.), and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report concludes by summarizing legislation introduced to authorize and regulate military tribunals to try suspected Al Qaeda and Taliban members, and provides two charts to compare the proposed military tribunals under proposed legislation, the regulations issued by the Department of Defense, and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small-Scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons

Small-Scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons

Date: June 23, 2004
Creator: Shea, Dana A & Gottron, Frank
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: March 10, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: March 10, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Delinquents and Federal Criminal Law: The Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act and Related Matters

Juvenile Delinquents and Federal Criminal Law: The Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act and Related Matters

Date: October 25, 2004
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administrative Separations for Misconduct: An Alternative or Companion to Military Courts-Martial

Administrative Separations for Misconduct: An Alternative or Companion to Military Courts-Martial

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Velez Pollack, Estela I.
Description: The recent reports of abuse of prisoners held by U.S. military personnel have raised questions about how the armed forces control servicemembers. Congress, under the authorities vested in it by the U.S. Constitution, has enacted procedures for addressing misconduct by servicemembers. One such procedure is an administrative separation under which a member’s continued suitability for service is determined. Administrative separations are non-punitive and can be initiated for a number of reasons, including misconduct or criminal offenses. They may be used in place of or after the servicemember has been subject to a court-martial or nonjudicial punishment. This report provides an overview of administrative separations as an alternative or companion to courts-martial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy: Key Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission

Privacy: Key Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission

Date: August 19, 2004
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Charges in Corporate Scandals

Civil Charges in Corporate Scandals

Date: April 8, 2004
Creator: Jickling, Mark & Janov, Paul H
Description: This report lists civil suites filled by federal regulatory agencies charging individuals and corporations with violations related to these scandals. The list is limited to corporations and their offices or employees that fit within the Enron pattern. That is, these are cases that display one or more of the following: irregular accounting and auditing, management self-dealing, conflicts of interests between firms and financial advisors (or Wall Street firms and their costumers), and manipulation or abusive trading in energy markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Options for Trying Saddam Hussein for International Crimes

Options for Trying Saddam Hussein for International Crimes

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2005 Assistance

Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2005 Assistance

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the funds and material support the U.S. has contributed to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005

Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005

Date: December 20, 2004
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: This report provides background information on each defense-related environmental program, discusses key funding issues, and examines relevant provisions in authorization legislation and appropriations for FY2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Date: December 2, 2004
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Eig, Larry M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: 9/11 Victim Relief Funds

Homeland Security: 9/11 Victim Relief Funds

Date: December 10, 2004
Creator: Wolfe, M. Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DNA Testing for Law Enforcement: Legislative Issues for Congress

DNA Testing for Law Enforcement: Legislative Issues for Congress

Date: October 14, 2004
Creator: Hill, Cindy
Description: DNA evidence is a powerful forensic tool in criminal cases. Its use and capabilities have increased substantially since it was first introduced in the late 1980s. That growth has led to the emergence of the following issues that were considered by the 106th Congress in legislative initiatives: eliminating the nationwide backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples, expanding the kinds of offenders who are profiled, providing opportunities for post-conviction testing of DNA evidence, and continuing development of forensic science capabilities. This report discusses those and related issues and the legislation proposed and enacted to address them. It begins by describing provisions in prior federal law and then discusses issues and the legislation proposed, including the enacted DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (H.R. 4640, which became P.L. 106-546).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: Some Legal Restrictions on Military Assistance to Domestic Authorities Following a Terrorist Attack

Terrorism: Some Legal Restrictions on Military Assistance to Domestic Authorities Following a Terrorist Attack

Date: February 6, 2004
Creator: Doyle, Charles & Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism in South Asia

Terrorism in South Asia

Date: December 13, 2004
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Crime Control Assistance to State and Local Governments

Federal Crime Control Assistance to State and Local Governments

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ricin: Technical Background and Potential Role in Terrorism

Ricin: Technical Background and Potential Role in Terrorism

Date: February 4, 2004
Creator: Shea, Dana A & Gottron, Frank
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small-scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons

Small-scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Shea, Dana A & Gottron, Frank
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Date: October 22, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher; Feickert, Andrew & Elias, Bartholomew
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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