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 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Current Palestinian Uprising: Al-Aqsa Intifadah

The Current Palestinian Uprising: Al-Aqsa Intifadah

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Ruebner, Joshua; Mark, Clyde R; Katzman, Kenneth & Prados, Alfred B
Description: Facing a September 13, 2000 deadline for concluding a comprehensive Israeli- Palestinian agreement on all permanent status issues, President Bill Clinton convened a trilateral summit with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Chairman Yasser Arafat at Camp David on July 11, 2000. The summit, which lasted until July 24, 2000, did not produce an agreement. Members of 106th Congress responded to the al-Aqsa Intifadah by introducing bills that supported Israel’s actions, encouraged the U.S. Administration to oppose any anti-Israel resolutions in the United Nations, called upon Palestinians to negotiate a resolution, and proposed cutting foreign assistance to the Palestinians if they did not stop the uprising.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Attack on USS Cole: Background and Issues for Congress

Terrorist Attack on USS Cole: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 30, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F & O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
CONTOMS (Counter Narcotics and Terrorism Operational Medical Support Program)

CONTOMS (Counter Narcotics and Terrorism Operational Medical Support Program)

Date: December 21, 2001
Creator: Gerleman, David J & Hildreth, Steven A
Description: Since the September 11th terrorist attack, greater attention has focused on federal, state, and local readiness to respond to situations involving terrorism or weapons of mass destruction (WMD). One such federal program that provided federal support to local law enforcement and first responders is CONTOMS (Counter Narcotics and Terrorism Operational Medical Support).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America: Terrorism Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

Latin America: Terrorism Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: October 13, 2001
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trying Terrorists as War Criminals

Trying Terrorists as War Criminals

Date: November 28, 2001
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: A Summary of Legislative Proposals

Terrorism Risk Insurance: A Summary of Legislative Proposals

Date: December 7, 2001
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Funding: FY2002 Appropriations Bills

Terrorism Funding: FY2002 Appropriations Bills

Date: October 25, 2001
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Victims' Rights Amendment in the 106th Congress: Overview of Suggestions to Amend the Constitution

Victims' Rights Amendment in the 106th Congress: Overview of Suggestions to Amend the Constitution

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Jonathan Pollard: Background and Considerations for Presidential Clemency

Jonathan Pollard: Background and Considerations for Presidential Clemency

Date: January 31, 2001
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A & Mark, Clyde R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trying Terrorists as War Criminals

Trying Terrorists as War Criminals

Date: October 29, 2001
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyberwarfare

Cyberwarfare

Date: June 19, 2001
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Description: Cyberwarfare raises issues of growing national interest and concern. Cyberwarfare can be used to describe various aspects of defending and attacking information and computer networks in cyberspace, as well as denying an adversary’s ability to do the same. Some major problems encountered with cyber attacks, in particular, are the difficulty in determining the origin and nature of the attack and in assessing the damage incurred.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Operation Enduring Freedom: Foreign Pledges of Military and Intelligence Support

Operation Enduring Freedom: Foreign Pledges of Military and Intelligence Support

Date: October 17, 2001
Creator: Gerleman, David J; Stevens, Jennifer E & Hildreth, Steven A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agroterrorism: Options in Congress

Agroterrorism: Options in Congress

Date: December 19, 2001
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E
Description: Although U.S. intelligence agencies have not identified any terrorist acts targeting agricultural production (i.e., agroterrorism) in the United States to date, the events of September 11, 2001 have awakened the nation to their possibility. Some experts estimate that a single agroterrorist attack using a highly contagious livestock disease could cost between $10 billion and $30 billion to the U.S. economy. This report examines the potential threats to America’s agriculture from a deliberate biological attack, describes the current defense structure and capabilities available to respond to agroterrorism, and analyzes current congressional proposals to address the threat of biological weapons to U.S. agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DNA Evidence: Legislative Initiatives in the 106th Congress

DNA Evidence: Legislative Initiatives in the 106th Congress

Date: January 26, 2001
Creator: Fischer, Eric A
Description: DNA evidence is a powerful forensic tool in criminal cases. Its use and capabilities have increased substantially since it was first introduced in the late 1980s. That growth has led to the emergence of the following issues that were considered by the 106th Congress in legislative initiatives: eliminating the nationwide backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples, expanding the kinds of offenders who are profiled, providing opportunities for post-conviction testing of DNA evidence, and continuing development of forensic science capabilities. This report discusses those and related issues and the legislation proposed and enacted to address them. It begins by describing provisions in prior federal law and then discusses issues and the legislation proposed, including the enacted DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (H.R. 4640, which became P.L. 106-546).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Statutes: An Overview of Legislation in the 106th Congress

Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Statutes: An Overview of Legislation in the 106th Congress

Date: January 11, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses federal mandatory minimum sentencing statutes, which demand that execution or incarceration follow criminal conviction. They cover drug dealing, murdering federal officials, and using a gun to commit a federal crime. They circumscribe judicial sentencing discretion. They have been criticized as unthinkingly harsh and incompatible with a rational sentencing guideline system; yet they have also been embraced as hallmarks of truth in sentence and a certain means of incapacitating the criminally dangerous.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: McNeal, Dewardric L
Description: This report provides an overview of the Muslim separatist movement in China’s northwestern Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China’s attempts to stifle activities which it considers terrorism, and implications for U.S. policy. Some analysts suggest that the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism may make it difficult to pressure the Chinese government on human rights and religious freedoms, particularly as they relate to Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: Some Legal Restrictions on Military Assistance to Domestic Authorities Following a Terrorist Attack

Terrorism: Some Legal Restrictions on Military Assistance to Domestic Authorities Following a Terrorist Attack

Date: September 14, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Terrorism" and Related Terms in Statute and Regulation: Selected Language

"Terrorism" and Related Terms in Statute and Regulation: Selected Language

Date: September 26, 2001
Creator: Martin, Elizabeth
Description: Congress is considering revised definitions of “terrorism” and related terms in the context of the proposed “Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001.” While the proposed definitions relate to criminal law and immigration law, hundreds of other federal statutes and regulations already define “terrorism” and related terms in a variety of other contexts. However, these statutes and regulations ultimately refer to an extremely small set of statutory definitions, current criminal law and immigration definitions being among them. This report provides the current text of these fundamental definitions. The report will be updated as action on new antiterrorism law proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Race-Based Civil Dentention for Security Purposes

Race-Based Civil Dentention for Security Purposes

Date: October 4, 2001
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Date: October 12, 2001
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response

Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response

Date: August 1, 2001
Creator: Miko, Francis T & Park, Grace (Jea-Hyun)
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Law and Domestic Violence

Welfare Law and Domestic Violence

Date: May 16, 2001
Creator: Cooke, Jacqueline & Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: December 12, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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