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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade-Based Money Laundering: Overview and Policy Issues

Trade-Based Money Laundering: Overview and Policy Issues

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Miller, Rena S.; Rosen, Liana W. & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the scope of the trade-based money laundering (TBML) problem and analyzes selected U.S. government policy responses to address TBML. It includes a listing of hearings in the 114th Congress that addressed TBML.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mass Shootings and Terrorism: CRS Products

Mass Shootings and Terrorism: CRS Products

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E.
Description: This document provides a list of CRS reports on issues relevant to the mass shooting incident in Florida, including mass murder with firearms, firearms regulation, domestic terrorism, and hate crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2017 Appropriations for the Department of Justice

FY2017 Appropriations for the Department of Justice

Date: June 9, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report discusses appropriations for the Department of Justice (DOJ) for fiscal year 2017. It includes an overview of the DOJ's accounts, broken down by department and program; an comparison of appropriations for fiscal years 2016 and 2017; and select legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Digital Searches and Seizures: Overview of Proposed Amendments to Rule 41 of the Rules of Criminal Procedure

Digital Searches and Seizures: Overview of Proposed Amendments to Rule 41 of the Rules of Criminal Procedure

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the proposed amendment to Rule 41, which would amend the federal search and seizure rules to permit the government to remotely access electronic devices although the location of the device may be unknown. First, the report provides a background on the origin of, and rationale underlying, the proposed amendment and a description of the rule as currently written. Second, it reviews the potential changes made by the proposed amendment and will survey various concerns commenters have raised with the proposal. Lastly, this report addresses efforts being made in Congress to alter, delay, or stop this rule change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Sentencing Reform Act of 2015 (H.R. 3713): A Summary

The Sentencing Reform Act of 2015 (H.R. 3713): A Summary

Date: May 16, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report examines H.R. 3713, the Sentencing Reform Act of 2015, which addresses the sentences that may be imposed in various drug and firearms cases. It proposes amendments to those areas of federal law that govern mandatory minimum sentencing requirements for drug and firearm offenses; the so-called safety valves which permits court to impose sentences below otherwise required mandatory minimums in the case of certain low-level drug offenders; and the retroactive application of the Fair Sentencing Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report examines the differences between domestic terrorism, hate crime, and homegrown violent extremism. Federal law enforcement agencies use these three distinct concepts to categorize key types of criminals whose illegal activities are at least partly ideologically motivated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
When Are Violent Crimes Federal Hate Crimes?

When Are Violent Crimes Federal Hate Crimes?

Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar briefly explains federal law in regards to hate crimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
RICO: A Brief Sketch

RICO: A Brief Sketch

Date: May 18, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report examines the various elements of federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization (RICO) provisions and discusses constitutional questions pertaining to the law. In spite of its name and origin, RICO is not limited to "mobsters" or members of "organized crime" as those terms are popularly understood. Rather, it covers those activities which Congress felt characterized the conduct of organized crime, no matter who actually engages in them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What's RICO?

What's RICO?

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar briefly discusses the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization (RICO) portion of Title 18 of the United States Code. In spite of its name and origin, RICO is not limited to "mobsters" or members of "organized crime" as those terms are popularly understood. Rather, it covers those activities which Congress felt characterized the conduct of organized crime, no matter who actually engages in them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Trust and Law Enforcement--A Brief Discussion for Policymakers

Public Trust and Law Enforcement--A Brief Discussion for Policymakers

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Finklea, Kristin; Keegan, Natalie; Lister, Sarah A.; Sacco, Lisa N. et al.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of police-community relations and how the federal government might be able to promote more accountability and better relationships between citizens and law enforcement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Legislation in the 109th Congress

Gun Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: May 6, 2006
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate over the efficacy and constitutionality of federal regulation of firearms and ammunition. The report provides background information and analysis over the pros and cons of the debate and gun related statistics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides background information on sexual violence on campus and its prevalence, descriptions of the Clery Act and Title IX, and an analysis of prominent policy and legal issues related to these two statutes. It also includes a brief description of a related third statute focused on educational privacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Background, Legal Analysis, and Policy Options

Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Background, Legal Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: April 4, 2005
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M. & Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report provides a summary of U.S. penal policy at the federal level. The report then discusses legislation that created the current federal sentencing structure, the different types of sentencing guidelines, and analyses of departures from the guidelines under the federal system and of possible policy options the 109th Congress may wish to consider if it chooses to address this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Legislation in the 109th Congress

Gun Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: May 15, 2006
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate over the efficacy and constitutionality of federal regulation of firearms and ammunition. The report provides background information and analysis over the pros and cons of the debate and gun related statistics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Money Laundering Legislation in the 109th Congress

Criminal Money Laundering Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: March 15, 2006
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report gives a brief overview of U.S. law as it relates to the crime of money laundering by identifying bills in the 109th Congress that have amended definitions or sentencing for money laundering and predicated offenses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses S. 113, a bill to extend the coverage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA") to non-U.S. persons who engage in international terrorism or activities in preparation for terrorist acts, without a showing of membership in or affiliation with an international terrorist group.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Obama Announces Executive Actions to "Reduce Gun Violence"

President Obama Announces Executive Actions to "Reduce Gun Violence"

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly discusses executive actions aimed at, among other things, "keep[ing] guns out of the wrong hands through background checks" and "mak[ing] our communities safer from gun violence." These actions include, for example, directing specified executive agencies to conduct or sponsor research into gun safety technology and finalizing a rule requiring firearms shippers to notify law enforcement of any firearms lost or stolen in transit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capital Punishment: An Overview of Federal Death Penalty Statutes

Capital Punishment: An Overview of Federal Death Penalty Statutes

Date: July 23, 2002
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Description: This report lists the current federal capital offenses and summarizes the procedures for federal civilian death penalty cases. Several laws are relevant to the topic including: P.L. 103-322, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994; the Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996; and P.L. 107-197, the Terrorist Bombings Convention Implementation Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Date: January 1, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly provides highlights from an article written by Judge Alex Kozinski of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in which he recommended 26 changes in the U.S. criminal justice system, federal and state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Conspiracy Law: A Brief Overview

Federal Conspiracy Law: A Brief Overview

Date: January 20, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a brief discussion of the common features of federal conspiracy law that evolved over the years, with passing references to some of the distinctive features of some of the statutory provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Combating Terrorism: First Emergency Supplemental Appropriations - Distribution of Funds to Departments and Agencies

Combating Terrorism: First Emergency Supplemental Appropriations - Distribution of Funds to Departments and Agencies

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Riehl, James R.
Description: This report provides background on the 2001 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States, P.L. 107-38 (H.R. 2888) as well as the criteria for use of the funds developed by The Office of Management and Budget (OMB). It also outlines information about supplemental fund distributions in three tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War On Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

War On Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: This report covers significant legislative and oversight activities of the 108th Congress that concern domestic law enforcement aspects of federal anti-drug policy. It also includes an overview of significant executive branch actions and other current developments of likely interest to the congressional audience that follows this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: March 6, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael
Description: This report discusses various U.S. international narcotics policy approaches meant to achieve two main goals: to reduce the supply of illicit narcotics flowing into the United States, and to reduce the amount of illicit narcotics cultivated, processed, and consumed worldwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report contains an overview of the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Initiative (BPV program). It also provides a discussion of data on law enforcement agencies that require their officers to wear armor vests while on duty, research on why officers may choose to wear armor vests, research on the life cycle for armor vests, data on the use of body armor by law enforcement officers who were killed with a firearm, and research on the effectiveness of armor vests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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