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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Wireless Privacy and Spam: Issues for Congress

Wireless Privacy and Spam: Issues for Congress

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: Wireless communications devices such as cell phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs) are ubiquitous. Some consumers, already deluged with unwanted commercial messages, or “spam,” via computers that access the Internet by traditional wireline connections, are concerned that such unsolicited advertising is expanding to wireless communications, further eroding their privacy. Congress continues to debate how to protect wireless subscribers further, and several bills were considered in the 108th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Rainson, Tara Alexandra
Description: This report discusses recent legislative and regulatory efforts to protect the privacy of customer telephone records, and efforts to prevent the unauthorized use, disclosure, or sale of such records by data brokers. In addition, it provides a brief overview of the confidentiality protections for customer information established by the Communications Act of 1934.
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Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Rainson, Tara Alexandra
Description: This report discusses recent legislative and regulatory efforts to protect the privacy of customer telephone records, and efforts to prevent the unauthorized use, disclosure, or sale of such records by data brokers. In addition, it provides a brief overview of the confidentiality protections for customer information established by the Communications Act of 1934.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs

Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Description: This report describes the current status of direct-to-consumer (DTC) drug advertising; analyzes issues surrounding it; and discusses potential options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Importing Prescription Drugs: Objectives, Options, and Outlook

Importing Prescription Drugs: Objectives, Options, and Outlook

Date: August 4, 2004
Creator: Thaul, Susan & Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Transportation and Industry Analysis Section
Description: The purpose of this report is to explain why many of those who are least able to afford high drug costs are those who are most frequently charged the most. This report describes the basic economic theory underlying price differentiation and, in the context of the pharmaceutical market, analyzes the role and behavior of pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), pharmaceutical manufacturers, and retail pharmacies, respectively. It also looks at a number of the criticisms that have been made of the practice of differential pricing. Finally, this report discusses various policy approaches aimed at assisting the elderly to purchase prescription drugs.
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President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: February 7, 2003
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: June 20, 2002
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: October 8, 2002
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Product "Check-Off" Programs: A Constitutional Analysis

Farm Product "Check-Off" Programs: A Constitutional Analysis

Date: June 21, 2005
Creator: Vina, Stephen R
Description: This report begins with a brief introduction to check-off programs and then describes many of the First Amendment principles that have been discussed in checkoff cases. Next is an analysis of the first two challenges that reached the Supreme Court, as well as a brief discussion of subsequent lower court decisions. This report concludes with a discussion of Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association and its possible implications for check-off programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prescription Drugs: Importation for Personal Use

Prescription Drugs: Importation for Personal Use

Date: August 24, 2001
Creator: Vogt, Donna U & Randall, Blanchard, IV
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Class Actions and Proposed Reform in the 107th Congress: Class Action Fairness Act of 2002

Class Actions and Proposed Reform in the 107th Congress: Class Action Fairness Act of 2002

Date: March 12, 2002
Creator: Wallace, Paul Starett, Jr
Description: This report discusses the Class Action Fairness Act of 2002. The bill reflects a preference for class actions to be adjudicated in federal courts and would enlarge U.S. district courts original jurisdiction over class actions with claims aggregating $2,000,000 or more (even if each of the members of the class had not sustained damages in excess of $75,000 as is now required).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Class Actions and Proposed Reform in the 108th Congress: Class Action Fairness Act of 2003

Class Actions and Proposed Reform in the 108th Congress: Class Action Fairness Act of 2003

Date: June 23, 2003
Creator: Wallace, Paul Starett, Jr
Description: The report discusses the consumer class action bill of rights in each proposal contains safeguards which provide for judicial scrutiny of coupon and other non-cash settlements, protection against a proposed settlement that would result in a net loss to a class member, protection against discrimination based upon geographic location, and prohibition on a class representative receiving a greater share of the award.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act's Insurance for Troubled Assets

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act's Insurance for Troubled Assets

Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: Many observers trace the root cause of recent instability in financial markets to uncertainty surrounding the value of widely held securities that are based on mortgages and mortgage-related assets. The introduction of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA) was designed to address said financial instability through a variety of measures, including an insurance program for "troubled assets." This report briefly summarizes and analyzes the insurance program contained in the enacted version of the EESA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Target and Other Financial Data Breaches: Frequently Asked Questions

The Target and Other Financial Data Breaches: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: February 4, 2015
Creator: Weiss, N. E. & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report answers some frequently asked questions about the Target and selected other data breaches, including what is known to have happened in the breach, and what costs may result. It also examines some of the broader issues common to data breaches, including how the payment system works, how cybersecurity costs are shared and allocated within the payment system, who bears the losses in such breaches more generally, what emerging cybersecurity technologies may help prevent them, and what role the government could play in encouraging their adoption. The report addresses policy issues that were discussed in the 113th Congress to deal with these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fair Credit Reporting Act: Preemption of State Law

Fair Credit Reporting Act: Preemption of State Law

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: As financial privacy issues are debated in Congress, numerous questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) have emerged. Enacted in 1970, the Fair Credit Reporting Act is the federal statute that establishes a regulatory framework for credit reporting in the United States and establishes a consumer’s rights with respect to his or her credit report. This report attempts to answer frequently asked questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of

Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of

Date: March 21, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of

Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of

Date: September 12, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of

Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of

Date: February 27, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fair Credit Reporting Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Fair Credit Reporting Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Nott, Loretta
Description: As financial privacy issues are debated in Congress, numerous questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) have emerged. Enacted in 1970, the Fair Credit Reporting Act is the federal statute that establishes a regulatory framework for credit reporting in the United States and establishes a consumer’s rights with respect to his or her credit report. This report attempts to answer frequently asked questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fair Credit Reporting Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Fair Credit Reporting Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Nott, Loretta
Description: As financial privacy issues are debated in Congress, numerous questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) have emerged. Enacted in 1970, the Fair Credit Reporting Act is the federal statute that establishes a regulatory framework for credit reporting in the United States and establishes a consumer’s rights with respect to his or her credit report. This report attempts to answer frequently asked questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Controversy

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Controversy

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American comnerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Chained Consumer Price Index: What Is It and Would It Be Appropriate for Cost-of-Living Adjustments?

The Chained Consumer Price Index: What Is It and Would It Be Appropriate for Cost-of-Living Adjustments?

Date: May 8, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report provides technical and logistical information on how the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) is constructed and reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department