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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Copyright Law: Digital Rights Management Legislation

Copyright Law: Digital Rights Management Legislation

Date: May 28, 2004
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: Digital Rights Management (DRM) refers to the technology that copyright owners use to protect digital media. This report surveys several of the DRM bills that were introduced in the 107th Congress and those that are pending in the 108th Congress. Generally, the bills are directed at two separate goals. One goal is to increase access to digitally-protected media for lawful purposes. The other attempts to thwart digital piracy and would do so by enhancing civil and criminal sanctions for digital (and traditional) copyright infringement and educating the public about the rights of copyright holders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Copyright Law: Digital Rights Management Legislation

Copyright Law: Digital Rights Management Legislation

Date: December 18, 2003
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: Digital Rights Management (DRM) refers to the technology that copyright owners use to protect digital media. This report surveys several of the DRM bills that were introduced in the 107th Congress and those that are pending in the 108th Congress. Generally, the bills are directed at two separate goals. One goal is to increase access to digitally-protected media for lawful purposes. The other attempts to thwart digital piracy and would do so by enhancing civil and criminal sanctions for digital copyright infringement and educating the public about the rights of copyright holders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Copyright Law: Digital Rights Management Legislation in the 107th and 108th Congresses

Copyright Law: Digital Rights Management Legislation in the 107th and 108th Congresses

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: Digital Rights Management (DRM) refers to the technology that copyright owners use to protect digital media. This report surveys several of the DRM bills that were introduced in the 107th and 108th Congresses. Generally, the bills are directed at two separate goals. One goal is to increase access to digitally-protected media for lawful purposes. The other attempts to thwart digital piracy and would do so by enhancing civil and criminal sanctions for digital (and traditional) copyright infringement and educating the public about the rights of copyright holders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Transportation and Industry Analysis Section
Description: The purpose of this report is to explain why many of those who are least able to afford high drug costs are those who are most frequently charged the most. This report describes the basic economic theory underlying price differentiation and, in the context of the pharmaceutical market, analyzes the role and behavior of pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), pharmaceutical manufacturers, and retail pharmacies, respectively. It also looks at a number of the criticisms that have been made of the practice of differential pricing. Finally, this report discusses various policy approaches aimed at assisting the elderly to purchase prescription drugs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit Card Minimum Payments

Credit Card Minimum Payments

Date: December 21, 2005
Creator: Smale, Pauline
Description: Recently, credit card issuers began adjusting their minimum payment formulas, raising the amount of the required monthly payment. Congress has focused on the need to increase consumer awareness of the financial jeopardy that can result from paying only the required minimum. This report provides an overview of the issues and congressional action. It will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit Default Swaps: Frequently Asked Questions

Credit Default Swaps: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 30, 2008
Creator: Murphy, Edward Vincent
Description: Credit default swaps are contracts that provide protection against default by third parties, similar to insurance. These financial derivatives are used by banks and other financial institutions to manage risk. The rapid growth of the derivatives market, the potential for widespread credit defaults (such as defaults for subprime mortgages), and operational problems in the over-the-counter (OTC) market where credit default swaps are traded, have led some policymakers to inquire if credit default swaps are a danger to the financial system and the economy. This report defines credit default swaps, explains their use by banks for risk management, and discusses the potential for systemic risk.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Rainson, Tara Alexandra
Description: This report discusses recent legislative and regulatory efforts to protect the privacy of customer telephone records, and efforts to prevent the unauthorized use, disclosure, or sale of such records by data brokers. In addition, it provides a brief overview of the confidentiality protections for customer information established by the Communications Act of 1934.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Rainson, Tara Alexandra
Description: This report discusses recent legislative and regulatory efforts to protect the privacy of customer telephone records, and efforts to prevent the unauthorized use, disclosure, or sale of such records by data brokers. In addition, it provides a brief overview of the confidentiality protections for customer information established by the Communications Act of 1934.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

Date: June 14, 2013
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report examines some of the history of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA), focusing primarily on its creation and most recent legislative reauthorization. It also discusses the foremost active authorities of the DPA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

Date: June 19, 2014
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report examines some of the history of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA), focusing primarily on its creation and most recent legislative reauthorization. It also discusses the foremost active authorities of the DPA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

Date: July 28, 2014
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report examines some of the history of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA), focusing primarily on its creation and most recent legislative reauthorization. It also discusses the foremost active authorities of the DPA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

Date: July 28, 2014
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report examines some of the history of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA), focusing primarily on its creation and most recent legislative reauthorization. It also discusses the foremost active authorities of the DPA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs

Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Description: This report describes the current status of direct-to-consumer (DTC) drug advertising; analyzes issues surrounding it; and discusses potential options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discriminatory Pricing and the Robinson- Patman Act: Brief Background and Analysis

Discriminatory Pricing and the Robinson- Patman Act: Brief Background and Analysis

Date: January 16, 2009
Creator: Rubin, Janice E.
Description: This report discusses the Robinson-Patman (R-P) Act, which makes it unlawful, with certain exceptions, to knowingly sell goods "in commerce," for use or sale within the United States, at differing prices to contemporaneous buyers of those goods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Titles III and VI, Regulation of Depository Institutions and Depository Institution Holding Companies

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Titles III and VI, Regulation of Depository Institutions and Depository Institution Holding Companies

Date: July 23, 2010
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: This report discusses Titles III and VI of the Dodd-Frank Act, which effectuate changes in the regulatory structure governing depository institutions and their holding companies and, thus, constitute a substantial component of the reform effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Titles III and VI, Regulation of Depository Institutions and Depository Institution Holding Companies

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Titles III and VI, Regulation of Depository Institutions and Depository Institution Holding Companies

Date: February 7, 2011
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: This report discusses Titles III and VI of the Dodd-Frank Act, which effectuate changes in the regulatory structure governing depository institutions and their holding companies and, thus, constitute a substantial component of the reform effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control

Drug Control

Date: September 30, 1988
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: How to prevent the non-medical use of dependency-producing drugs has been a public policy concern for at least a century. A large part of the responsibility for controlling such substances has been assumed by the Federal Government. Historically based on decision to restrict availability through a system of close regulation, including selective prohibition, the current Federal anti-drugs strategy lives on activities and programs in five major areas: 1) regulation and other “enforcement” efforts; 2) support for international control and for control efforts of individual drug-producing and drug-transiting countries; 3) education and other prevention activities; 4 ) treatment and rehabilitation for drug-dependent persons; and ( 5 ) research on drugs , drug dependency, and prevention and treatment methods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Date: July 5, 2002
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: Legislation has been proposed in the 107th Congress to combat the use and abuse of Ecstasy (MDMA) and other “club drugs.” In a 2001 survey, 12% of 12th graders reported ever having taken the drug. The Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000, enacted by the 106th Congress, directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to increase penalties for Ecstasy offenses. As of March 2001, MDMA penalties became more severe than for powder cocaine but less severe than for heroin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Date: August 14, 2002
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: Legislation has been proposed in the 107th Congress to combat the use and abuse of Ecstasy (MDMA) and other “club drugs.” In a 2001 survey, 12% of 12th graders reported ever having taken the drug. The Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000, enacted by the 106th Congress, directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to increase penalties for Ecstasy offenses. As of March 2001, MDMA penalties became more severe than for powder cocaine but less severe than for heroin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Date: October 31, 2002
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: Legislation has been proposed in the 107th Congress to combat the use and abuse of Ecstasy (MDMA) and other “club drugs.” In a 2001 survey, 12% of 12th graders reported ever having taken the drug. The Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000, enacted by the 106th Congress, directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to increase penalties for Ecstasy offenses. As of March 2001, MDMA penalties became more severe than for powder cocaine but less severe than for heroin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecstasy: Legislative Proposals in the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Ecstasy: Legislative Proposals in the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: Legislation has been proposed in the 107th Congress to combat the use and abuse of Ecstasy (MDMA) and other “club drugs.” In a 2001 survey, 12% of 12th graders reported ever having taken the drug. The Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000, enacted by the 106th Congress, directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to increase penalties for Ecstasy offenses. As of March 2001, MDMA penalties became more severe than for powder cocaine but less severe than for heroin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act's Insurance for Troubled Assets

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act's Insurance for Troubled Assets

Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: Many observers trace the root cause of recent instability in financial markets to uncertainty surrounding the value of widely held securities that are based on mortgages and mortgage-related assets. The introduction of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA) was designed to address said financial instability through a variety of measures, including an insurance program for "troubled assets." This report briefly summarizes and analyzes the insurance program contained in the enacted version of the EESA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fair Credit Reporting Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Fair Credit Reporting Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Nott, Loretta
Description: As financial privacy issues are debated in Congress, numerous questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) have emerged. Enacted in 1970, the Fair Credit Reporting Act is the federal statute that establishes a regulatory framework for credit reporting in the United States and establishes a consumer’s rights with respect to his or her credit report. This report attempts to answer frequently asked questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fair Credit Reporting Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Fair Credit Reporting Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Nott, Loretta
Description: As financial privacy issues are debated in Congress, numerous questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) have emerged. Enacted in 1970, the Fair Credit Reporting Act is the federal statute that establishes a regulatory framework for credit reporting in the United States and establishes a consumer’s rights with respect to his or her credit report. This report attempts to answer frequently asked questions about the Fair Credit Reporting Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department