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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Constitutional Constraints on Congress' Ability to Protect the Environment

Constitutional Constraints on Congress' Ability to Protect the Environment

Date: September 8, 2000
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: Federal protection of the environment must hew to the same constitutional strictures as any other federal actions. In the past decade, however, the Supreme Court has invigorated several of these strictures in ways that present new challenges to congressional drafters of environmental statutes. This report reviews six of these newly emergent constitutional areas, with special attention to their significance for current and future environmental legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Delegation of the Federal Power of Eminent Domain to Nonfederal Entities

Delegation of the Federal Power of Eminent Domain to Nonfederal Entities

Date: May 20, 2008
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: Congress has on several occasions delegated its power of eminent domain to entities outside the federal government -- public and private corporations, interstate compact agencies, state and local governments, and even individuals. The constitutionality of such delegation, and of the exercise of such power by even private delegates, is today beyond dispute. However, among delegates with both federal and private characteristics, there is some subjectivity to deciding which to list in a report limited to "nonfederal entities." For delegatees of federal eminent domain power listed here, delegations since 1920 have primarily been to Amtrak, hydroelectric facilities (for dams and reservoirs), and entities engaged in the movement of electricity, gas, and petroleum (the last one expired), and for interstate bridges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Eighteen Year Old Vote: The Twenty-sixth Amendment and Subsequent Voting Rates of Newly Enfranchised Age Groups

The Eighteen Year Old Vote: The Twenty-sixth Amendment and Subsequent Voting Rates of Newly Enfranchised Age Groups

Date: May 20, 1983
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: This report traces the progress of proposals to expand the right to vote to citizens between the ages of 18 and 21, culminating in the ratification of the 26th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States in 1971. It also reviews the voting rates of the newly enfranchised age group and compares them to voting rates of other age groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Article V Convention for Proposing Constitutional Amendments: Historical Perspectives for Congress

The Article V Convention for Proposing Constitutional Amendments: Historical Perspectives for Congress

Date: July 10, 2012
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report identifies and examines historical issues related to the Article V Convention, which allows amendments to be added to the Constitution via Congressional vote or votes by the people.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Article V Convention to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Contemporary Issues for Congress

The Article V Convention to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Contemporary Issues for Congress

Date: May 7, 2014
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report looks at how Article V of the Constitution allows Congress to propose amendments -- specifically the process of organizing an Article V Convention, a method that has never been used and which is only briefly outlined in the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Article V Convention to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Contemporary Issues for Congress

The Article V Convention to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Contemporary Issues for Congress

Date: April 11, 2014
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report looks at how Article V of the Constitution allows Congress to propose amendments -- specifically the process of organizing an Article V Convention, a method that has never been used and which is only briefly outlined in the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Article V Convention to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Contemporary Issues for Congress

The Article V Convention to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Contemporary Issues for Congress

Date: July 9, 2012
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report looks at how Article V of the Constitution allows Congress to propose amendments, specifically the process of organizing an Article V Convention, a method which has never been used and which is only breifly outlined in the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Line Item Veto: A Constitutional Analysis of Recent Proposals

Line Item Veto: A Constitutional Analysis of Recent Proposals

Date: April 17, 2006
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment

Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment

Date: September 8, 2014
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report provides an overview of the major exceptions to the First Amendment--of the ways that the Supreme Court has interpreted the guarantee of freedom of speech and press to provide no protection or only limited protection for some types of speech.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

Date: March 20, 1997
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: One of the most persistent political issues facing Congress in recent years is whether to require that the budget of the United States be in balance. Although a balanced federal budget has long been held as a political ideal, the accumulation of large deficits in recent years has heightened concern that some action to require a balance between revenues and expenditures may be necessary. The debate over a balanced budget measure actually consists of several interrelated debates, which this report addresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department