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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Date: December 31, 2008
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 111th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House and Senate Vacancies: How Are They Filled?

House and Senate Vacancies: How Are They Filled?

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Sula P. & Neale, Thomas H.
Description: Vacancies in Congress occur due to the death, resignation, or declination (refusal to serve) of a Senator or Representative, or as the result of expulsion or exclusion by either house. The Constitution requires that vacancies in both houses be filled by special election, but in the case of the Senate, it empowers state legislatures to provide for temporary appointments by the state governor until special elections can be scheduled. This report describes this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members Who Have Served in the U.S. Congress 30 Years or More

Members Who Have Served in the U.S. Congress 30 Years or More

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report identifies those 224 Members of Congress whose service in the House or Senate, or both, has been 30 years or more. The information provided is current through January 3, 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Date: December 23, 2009
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 260 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, Eric R.
Description: This report provides data and analysis concerning legislative branch staffing levels since 1954. Legislative branch staff include congressional staff, who work in the House or Senate, and legislative agency staff, who work in a legislative branch agency. At present, there is no legislation pending before Congress to change existing staff arrangements in Congress or legislative branch agencies. As policies and issues before Congress continue to proliferate in volume and complexity, new proposals for change in staffing levels or changes in the balance between congressional staff and legislative agency staff may emerge. This report, which will be updated annually, is one of several CRS products focusing on various aspects of congressional operations and administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Date: May 11, 2009
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report contains a compilation of commissions and boards that demonstrates the range of alternative membership-appointment structures. It includes any statutorily created advisory entity (boards, advisory panels, etc.) whose membership scheme mandates the participation of Members of Congress either as potential members or as participants in the process of appointing the membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Copeland, Claudia; Tiemann, Mary & Zinn, Jeffrey
Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2004

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2004

Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 220 women Members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2005

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2005

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 229 women Members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2003

Salaries of Members of Congress: A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2003

Date: December 1, 2003
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E
Description: This report summarizes by what measures the Constitution requires Congress to determine its own pay, the annual payment adjustment procedure, changes in pay over time since 1789, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2003

Salaries of Members of Congress: A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2003

Date: October 29, 2003
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E
Description: This report contains information on the pay procedure and recent adjustments. It also contains historical information on the rate of pay for Members of Congress since 1789.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Date: August 21, 2009
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Date: March 10, 2009
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pages of the United States Congress: History, Background Information, and Proposals for Change

Pages of the United States Congress: History, Background Information, and Proposals for Change

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report provides a brief history of the congressional page programs, including their duties, and background information about House and Senate pages. It also has an overview of changes and reforms from 1981-2001, and proposed changes, reforms, and various issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Departing and Former Senators

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Departing and Former Senators

Date: September 14, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report provides information on selected privileges and courtesies (with the exception of federal health insurance, life insurance, and retirement benefits) extended to departing and former Senators. Some are derived from law and Senate Rules, but most are courtesies that have been extended as a matter of custom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guide to Individuals Seated on the Senate Dais

Guide to Individuals Seated on the Senate Dais

Date: October 20, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report briefly discusses where various individuals are seated in the Senate chamber.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

Date: April 8, 2008
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report discusses the federal minimum wage in American Samoa. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum wage for the islands is fixed by a commission established by the Secretary of Labor. The minimum wage for fish processing is currently $3.26 an hour. Were Congress to extend the general (federal) minimum wage to American Samoa (and raise it to $7.25 an hour, as is currently proposed), the fish processing industry might absorb the increase, change the way it processes tuna, or migrate to other low-wage countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

Date: May 22, 2007
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report discusses the federal minimum wage in American Samoa. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum wage for the islands is fixed by a commission established by the Secretary of Labor. The minimum wage for fish processing is currently $3.26 an hour. Were Congress to extend the general (federal) minimum wage to American Samoa (and raise it to $7.25 an hour, as is currently proposed), the fish processing industry might absorb the increase, change the way it processes tuna, or migrate to other low-wage countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Continuity of Operations (COOP): An Overview of Concepts and Challenges

Congressional Continuity of Operations (COOP): An Overview of Concepts and Challenges

Date: March 25, 2005
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric & Seifert, Jeffrey W
Description: This report discusses the circumstances surrounding COOP planning, including provisions for alternative meeting sites and methods for conducting House and Senate meetings and floor sessions when Capitol facilities are not available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members’ Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Members’ Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history and overview of the the Members’ Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns in the 109th Congress (2005 and 2006), the two most recent years for which all billing is complete and spending amounts have been finalized, since late-arriving bills may be paid for up to two years following the end of the MRA year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on congressional practices with respect to the duration of continuing resolutions, including the use of full-year measures, and focuses particularly on the period covering FY1998-FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: In the Summer of 2005, Congress focused on several Clean Air Act Issues before the August recess. Although the Congressional agenda stated that attention would be given to the needed amendments of the Clear Skies/Multi-Pollutant Legislation, this progress was stalled, and the committee failed to approve the bill due to a tied vote. This otherwise stagnated debate was given some attention due to the discussions over mercury regulations as they apply to power plants. The outcome of the decision concerning these regulations has stirred controversy in at least fifteen states. Perhaps the most debated issue that Congress covered concerned MTBE and Ethanol, which have been used to meet the Clean Air Act requirements that reformulated gasoline (RFG), sold in the nation’s worst ozone nonattainment areas, contain at least 2% oxygen, to improve combustion. Air quality standard deadlines and provisions, specifically in the most severe ozone nonattainment areas, were discussed by Congress. Discussions over the Clean Air Act also sparked discussions over environmental regulations concerning related issues, including the Conformity of Transportation Plans and SIPs, and Hurricane Katrina.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: November 25, 2005
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: The courts and the executive branch face major decisions on clean air issues in 2006, with Congress more likely playing an oversight role. One focus is EPA's Jan. 17 2006 proposal to strengthen air quality standards for fine particles, which are estimated to cause tens of thousands of premature deaths annually. Whether the proposal is supported by the available science and what impact its implementation would have likely issues of concern. Other issues of continuing interest are EPA's 2005 decisions limiting interstate transport of air pollution and establishing cap-and-trade systems for emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the agency's proposed changes to New Source Review.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: In the Summer of 2005, Congress focused on several Clean Air Act Issues before the August recess. Although the Congressional agenda stated that attention would be given to the needed amendments of the Clear Skies/Multi-Pollutant Legislation, this progress was stalled, and the committee failed to approve the bill due to a tied vote. This otherwise stagnated debate was given some attention due to the discussions over mercury regulations as they apply to power plants. The outcome of the decision concerning these regulations has stirred controvery in at least fifteen states. Perhaps the most debated issue that Congress covered concerned MTBE and Ethanol, which have been used to meet the Clean Air Act requiremnets that reformulated gasoline(RFG), sold in the nation’s worst ozone nonattainment areas, contain at least 2% oxygen, to improve combustion. Air quality standard deadlines and provisions, specifically in the most severe ozone nonattainment areas, were discussed by Congress. Dsicussions over the Clean Air Act also sparked discussions over environmental regulations concerning related issues, including the Conformity of Transportation Plans and SIPs, and Hurricane Katrina.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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