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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Appropriations for FY2004: Legislative Branch

Appropriations for FY2004: Legislative Branch

Date: May 27, 2003
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This Report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Legislative Branch Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2004: Legislative Branch

Appropriations for FY2004: Legislative Branch

Date: July 18, 2003
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This Report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Legislative Branch Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920-2005

Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920-2005

Date: March 9, 2005
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: This report details the evolution of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees’ subcommittee structure from the 1920s to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920-2011

Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920-2011

Date: March 8, 2011
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report details the evolution of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees' subcommittee structure, from the 1920s to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920 to 2015

Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920 to 2015

Date: October 13, 2015
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report details the evolution of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees' subcommittee structure from the 1920s to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior Department of Defense (DOD) leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 5, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior Department of Defense (DOD) leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 3, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior Department of Defense (DOD) leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 25, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior DOD leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including previous occupations and leadership positions (such as committee and subcommittee chairmanships), and the bipartisan and bicameral Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. It also provides a list of Members' and Delegates' party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments. Also included in the report is a map showing the total number of Asian Pacific Americans and the states or territories they represent in the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: Asian Pacific Americans have served in both houses of Congress representing California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Oregon, Virginia, American Samoa, and Guam. They have served in leadership positions, including committee and subcommittee chairmanships. This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: April 19, 2002
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H
Description: This report provides information on the 33 Asian Pacific Americans who have served in the United States Congress from 1903 to the present, including 13 Resident Commissioners from the Philippine Islands. These Resident Commissioners served from 1907-1946 while the Philippines were a U.S. territory and commonwealth (all were Philippine born). Information on Members and territorial delegates includes party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: July 31, 2003
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H
Description: This report provides information on the 33 Asian Pacific Americans who have served in the United States Congress from 1903 to the present, including 13 Resident Commissioners from the Philippine Islands. These Resident Commissioners served from 1907-1946 while the Philippines were a U.S. territory and commonwealth (all were Philippine born). Information on Members and territorial delegates includes party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: Asian Pacific Americans have served in both houses of Congress representing California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Oregon, Virginia, American Samoa, and Guam. They have served in leadership positions, including committee and subcommittee chairmanships. This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: May 6, 2008
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: Asian Pacific Americans have served in both houses of Congress representing California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Oregon, Virginia, American Samoa, and Guam. They have served in leadership positions, including committee and subcommittee chairmanships. This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assignments to Senate Subcommittees

Assignments to Senate Subcommittees

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the rules and process for establishing subcommittees. One of the first orders of business for Senate committees is deciding whether to establish subcommittees, and if so, determining their number, sizes, party ratios, chairs, ranking minority members, and other members. There are no direct limits on the number of subcommittees that may be created.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authorization for Use of Military Force in Response to the 9/11 Attacks (P.L. 107-40): Legislative History

Authorization for Use of Military Force in Response to the 9/11 Attacks (P.L. 107-40): Legislative History

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides a legislative history of the legislation, S.J.Res. 23 , the “Authorization for Use of Military Force” (AUMF), which, as Congress stated in its text, constitutes the legislative authorization for the use of U.S. military force contemplated by the War Powers Resolution. It also is the statute which the President and his attorneys have subsequently cited as an authority for him to engage in electronic surveillance against possible terrorists without obtaining authorization of the special Court created by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978, as amended.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authorization of Appropriations: Procedural and Legal Issues

Authorization of Appropriations: Procedural and Legal Issues

Date: September 9, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica & Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report provides a brief explanation of the distinction between authorized and unauthorized appropriations, and its significance for understanding how appropriations and other legislation work in conjunction to determine how agencies may spend appropriated funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Date: October 28, 2013
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report begins by providing background on the historic frequency of federal funding gaps. Then, four major features of automatic continuing resolution (ACR) proposals since the 1980s -- time frame, funding level, activities, and duration -- are explained. This is followed by a summary of the major arguments for and against the enactment of an ACR. Finally, the last three sections of the report review congressional action that has taken place on ACR proposals, describe ACR proposals that have been introduced but not enacted during the 112th and 113th Congresses, and provide brief analysis of P.L. 113-39.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides background on the historical frequency of federal funding gaps and shutdowns. It also discusses features of Automatic Continuing Resolutions (ACRs), arguments for and against ACRs, relevant Congressional actions, and proposals in the 112th through 114th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Availability of Legislative Measures in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")

Availability of Legislative Measures in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")

Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report discusses house rules that govern the length of time legislative measures which must be available to Members before being considered on the floor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Availability of Legislative Proposals in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")

Availability of Legislative Proposals in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: House rules govern the length of time legislative proposals must be available to Members prior to being considered on the floor. For measures reported from committee, the committee report must have been available for three calendar days. Conference reports must also have been available for three calendar days, and special rules for considering measures for one legislative day. The House, however, also has several means by which it can choose to waive these availability requirements and call up, debate, and vote on a measure in a single calendar day, even if the text of the measure was not made available prior to consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Average Years of Service for Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, 1st - 111th Congresses

Average Years of Service for Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, 1st - 111th Congresses

Date: November 2, 2010
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric & Hemlin, Erin
Description: The average tenure of Members of the Senate and House of Representatives at the beginning of each Congress has varied substantially since 1789. The purpose of this report is to provide a Congress-by-Congress summary of the average years of service for Senators and Representatives for the First through the 111th Congresses. The report contains a brief summary of some of the explanations by political scientists and others for the various changes in the average years of service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation and Climate Change

Aviation and Climate Change

Date: August 4, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides background on aviation emissions and the factors affecting them; it discusses the tools available to control emissions, including existing authority under the Clean Air Act and proposed economy-wide cap-and-trade legislation; and it examines international regulatory developments that may affect U.S. commercial airlines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department