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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Date: May 10, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: New “fast track” (or, trade promotion) authority (TPA) is at issue in the 107th Congress. Such authority could enable the Administration to submit negotiated foreign trade agreements to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Efforts to renew this authority, which expired in 1994, have not succeeded since then. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-oriented enterprises that support TPA, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some farm groups argue that fast track ultimately will lead to new agreements that could have adverse effects on U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors.
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Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Date: June 4, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: New “fast track,” or trade promotion, authority (TPA), legislation to implement trade agreements is at issue in the 107th Congress. Such authority would enable the Administration to submit negotiated foreign trade agreements to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-oriented enterprises that support TPA, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some farm groups argue that fast track ultimately will lead to new agreements that could have adverse effects on U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors.
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Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Date: August 2, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: New “fast track,” or trade promotion, authority (TPA) cleared the 107th Congress for the President’s expected signature in August 2002. Such authority enables the Administration to submit negotiated foreign trade agreements to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests were among the export-oriented enterprises that supported TPA, arguing that foreign trading partners would not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacked it. However, some farm groups argued that fast track ultimately will lead to new agreements that have adverse effects on U.S. producers, at least of some commodities.
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Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Date: November 7, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: New “fast track,” or trade promotion, authority (TPA) cleared the 107th Congress, and was signed into law (P.L. 107-210) on August 6, 2002. Such authority enables the Administration to submit negotiated foreign trade agreements to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests were among the export-oriented enterprises that supported TPA, arguing that foreign trading partners would not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacked it. However, some farm groups argued that fast track ultimately will lead to new agreements that have adverse effects on U.S. producers, at least of some commodities.
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Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: March 27, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: The 107th Congress is expected to consider new "fast track" (or, Presidential trade promotion) authority, which could enable the Administration to submit trade agreements negotiated with foreign countries to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-oriented enterprises that support fast track authority, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some agricultural groups argue that fast track ultimately will lead to new agreements that deliver more benefits to foreign than to U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors.
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Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Senate and House committees in October reported legislation for new fast track authority enabling the Administration to negotiate trade agreements with foreign countries and to submit them to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-dependent enterprises that support new fast track authority, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some agricultural groups argue that fast track provides them with inadequate opportunities for dealing with their issues, and that it ultimately will lead to new agreements that benefit foreign more than U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors. Neither bill was taken to the floor in 1997 because of insufficient votes for passage in the House. However, the President is expected to seek approval in 1998.
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The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context

The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context

Date: August 6, 2001
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: The discharge rule of the House of Representatives affords a way for Members to bring to the floor a measure not reported from committee. Before a motion to discharge may be made, 218 Members must sign a petition for that purpose. This report provides summary data on discharge petitions filed since adoption of the present form of discharge rule in 1931. It also identifies the 32 occasions since 1967 on which a committee report or floor action occurred on a measure against which a petition was filed (or an alternative measure on the same subject).
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The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context

The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: The discharge rule of the House of Representatives affords a way for Members to bring to the floor a measure not reported from committee. Before a motion to discharge may be made, 218 Members must sign a petition for that purpose. This report provides summary data on discharge petitions filed since adoption of the present form of discharge rule in 1931. It also identifies the 32 occasions since 1967 on which a committee report or floor action occurred on a measure against which a petition was filed (or an alternative measure on the same subject).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: April 15, 1999
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environment in Fast Track Trade Authority: Summary of the Clinton Administration Proposal

Environment in Fast Track Trade Authority: Summary of the Clinton Administration Proposal

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: President Clinton has asked Congress for "fast track" authority for implementing future trade agreements; this authority would limit congressional debate and prevent amendments to implementing legislation. Delays in completing this proposal were attributed to difficulties in reconciling conflicting pressures over environment and labor concerns. The President's proposal contains references to environmental concerns, but various interests are likely to seek clarification on these points.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fast-Track Trade Authority: Which Environmental Issues are "Directly Related to Trade"?

Fast-Track Trade Authority: Which Environmental Issues are "Directly Related to Trade"?

Date: October 2, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Trade negotiating objectives have generally been included in fast-track legislation to establish priorities for trade negotiators.
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Out-of-State Money in the Congressional Elections of 1992, 1994, and 1996: Trends and Policy Issues

Out-of-State Money in the Congressional Elections of 1992, 1994, and 1996: Trends and Policy Issues

Date: September 26, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Suspension of Rules in the House: Measure Sponsorship by Party

Suspension of Rules in the House: Measure Sponsorship by Party

Date: January 7, 2002
Creator: Carr, Thomas P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Oversight

Congressional Oversight

Date: October 10, 1997
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: Congressional oversight of policy implementation and administration, which has occurred throughout the U.S. government experience under the Constitution, takes a variety of forms and utilizes various techniques. These range from specialized investigations by select committees to annual appropriations hearings, and from informal communications between Members or congressional staff and executive personnel to the use of extra congressional mechanisms, such as offices of inspector general and study commissions. Oversight, moreover, is supported by a variety of authorities—the Constitution, public law, and chamber and committee rules—and is an integral part of the system of checks and balances between the legislature and the executive
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Congressional Oversight

Congressional Oversight

Date: January 2, 2001
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: Congressional oversight of policy implementation and administration, which has occurred throughout the U.S. government experience under the Constitution, takes a variety of forms and utilizes various techniques. These range from specialized investigations by select committees to annual appropriations hearings, and from informal communications between Members or congressional staff and executive personnel to the use of extra congressional mechanisms, such as offices of inspector general and study commissions. Oversight, moreover, is supported by a variety of authorities—the Constitution, public law, and chamber and committee rules—and is an integral part of the system of checks and balances between the legislature and the executive
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Date: October 17, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Environmental provisions are eligible for the fast-track procedure only if they meet at least one of the principal trade negotiating objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of the reported versions of H.R. 2621 and S. 1269, 105 Congress bills that would provide the President with trade negotiating authority and accord certain resulting agreements and implementing bills expedited -- or “fast-track” -- legislative consideration.
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Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Date: September 15, 1998
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of H.R. 2621 and S. 2400, as reported, 105th Congress bills that would provide the President with trade negotiating authority and accord certain resulting agreements and implementing bills expedited -- or "fast-track" -- legislative consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fast Track for Trade Agreements: Procedural Controls for Congress and Proposed Alternatives

Fast Track for Trade Agreements: Procedural Controls for Congress and Proposed Alternatives

Date: October 31, 1997
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: This report discusses the fast track trade procedures in the Trade Act of 1974 operate as procedural rules of the House and Senate, and the statute itself declares them to be enacted as an exercise of the constitutional authority of each house to determine its own rules. These procedures prevent Congress from altering an implementing bill or declining to act, but permit it to enact or reject the bill. By these means Congress retains authority to legislate in the areas covered, yet affords the President conditions for effective negotiation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Procedural Distinctions Between the House and the Committee of the Whole

Procedural Distinctions Between the House and the Committee of the Whole

Date: February 19, 1998
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee Markup: Preparation

House Committee Markup: Preparation

Date: January 11, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: Markups provide Members on a committee an opportunity to change parts of a bill prior to its consideration by the full House. A number of administrative, procedural, and substantive steps must be undertaken in preparation for a markup, and other steps could or should be undertaken. Generally, the markup should be strategically planned to minimize controversy, provide Members with political dividends, and position the committee for future action. This report is intended as a guide for various tasks that could be accomplished by committee staff in order to prepare a smooth committee markup.
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House Committee Jurisdiction and Referral: Rules and Practice

House Committee Jurisdiction and Referral: Rules and Practice

Date: January 21, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly discusses the factors that determine House committee jurisdiction and more specifically House Rule X.
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Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Date: February 2, 2000
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Date: November 4, 2002
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department