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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
"Fast-Track" or Expedited Procedures: Their Purposes, Elements, and Implications

"Fast-Track" or Expedited Procedures: Their Purposes, Elements, and Implications

Date: July 21, 2003
Creator: Davis, Christopher M
Description: This report discusses certain provisions of law that commonly are known as “fast-track” or expedited procedures. They are so labeled because these statutory provisions contain special legislative procedures that apply to one or both houses of Congress and that expedite, or put on a fast track, congressional consideration of a certain measure or a narrowly defined class of measures. This report first presents the nature, purpose, and elements of fast-track procedures. Then the report discusses some of the most important ways in which these procedures differ from the normal procedures of the House and Senate and, therefore, how the use of expedited procedures can affect the legislative process in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 109th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 23, 2006
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.; Isler, Margaret; Bearden, David M.; Copeland, Claudia; Esworthy, Robert; Luther, Linda et al.
Description: Environmental protection concerns span a wide variety of issues, including clear air, water quality, chemical security, and environmental aspects of other major issue areas, such as energy, transportation, disaster relief and cleanup, and defense. This report provides an overview of key environmental issues receiving attention in the 109th Congress. A number of environmental measures have been the subject of congressional activity, some of them as part of comprehensive bills and laws on broader subjects such as energy and transportation. Appropriations for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) affect many of the programs and issues discussed in this report.
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Environmental Protection Issues in the 109th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: May 22, 2006
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: Environmental protection concerns span a wide variety of issues, including clean air, water quality, chemical security, and environmental aspects of other major issue areas such as transportation and defense. This issue brief provides an overview of key environmental issues that are receiving or may receive attention in the 109th Congress. The sections on specific issues contain references to more detailed and extensive CRS reports on the subjects covered.
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Changing Senate Rules: The "Constitutional" or "Nuclear" Option

Changing Senate Rules: The "Constitutional" or "Nuclear" Option

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report indicates possible attempts to curtail the use of filibusters in the Senate, perhaps in the 109th Congress. Some have suggested that proponents of this idea may invoke something called the “nuclear” or “constitutional” option in Senate floor procedure to try to end a filibuster without the need for 60 votes or to amend the cloture rule (Rule XXII) itself. This report presents several possible scenarios that would require one or more of the Senate’s precedents be overturned or interpreted otherwise than in the past.
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House Rules Changes Affecting Floor Procedures in the 109th Congress

House Rules Changes Affecting Floor Procedures in the 109th Congress

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Carr, Thomas P & Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commonly Used Motions and Requests in the House of Representatives

Commonly Used Motions and Requests in the House of Representatives

Date: November 30, 2004
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report identifies the most commonly used motions and requests available to Members during proceedings in the House of Representatives. The report divides the motions and requests into seven broad categories, based on when the motion or request is in order and who can make the motion or request. Daily Business is the category that includes items that are routine to the conduct of business in the House each day, such as the motion to adjourn. Decorum and Privilege covers issues of the rights and privileges of Members and the House and how Members conduct themselves on the floor.
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Congressional Oversight Manual

Congressional Oversight Manual

Date: October 21, 2004
Creator: Fisher, Louis; Kaiser, Frederick M; Oleszek, Walter J & Rosenberg, Morton
Description: Throughout its history, Congress has engaged in oversight of the executive branch — the review, monitoring, and supervision of the implementation of public policy. The first several Congresses inaugurated such important oversight techniques as special investigations, reporting requirements, resolutions of inquiry, and use of the appropriations process to review executive activity. Contemporary developments, moreover, have increased the legislature’s capacity and capabilities to check on and check the Executive. Public laws and congressional rules have measurably enhanced Congress’s implied power under the Constitution to conduct oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Date: August 19, 2004
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report provides current and historical information on the budget resolution. It provides a list of the budget resolutions adopted and rejected by Congress since implementation of the CBA, including the U.S. Statutes-at-Large citations and committee report numbers, and describes their formulation and content. The report provides a table of selected optional components, a list of reconciliation measures, and information on the number of years covered by budget resolutions. It also provides information on the consideration and adoption of budget resolutions, including an identification of the House special rules that provided for consideration of budget resolutions; the amendments in the nature of a substitute to the budget resolution considered in the House; the number and disposition of House and Senate amendments to budget resolutions; and dates of House and Senate action on budget resolutions.
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The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the Senate Floor

The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the Senate Floor

Date: August 18, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Actions in 2005

Congressional Budget Actions in 2005

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the first session of the 109th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of them will pertain to fiscal year (FY) 2006 and beyond, but some will make adjustments to the budget for FY2005. As the session progresses, this report will describe House and Senate actions on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department