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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Date: September 24, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Gerrity, Jessica C.
Description: This report examines the purpose and activities of Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMO) and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress, focusing on their regulation in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration, the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), and the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monuments and Memorials in the District of Columbia: Analysis and Options for Proposed Exemptions to the Commemorative Works Act

Monuments and Memorials in the District of Columbia: Analysis and Options for Proposed Exemptions to the Commemorative Works Act

Date: September 24, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report focuses on options for Congress for three types of exemptions to the Commemorative Works Act (CWA, 40 U.S.C. ยงยง8901-8909): siting works, donor recognition, and the placement and status of museums, which are generally not considered commemorative works.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Date: September 24, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The report contains information on congressional pay procedure and recent adjustments. It includes historical information on pay rates since 1789; the adjustments projected by the Ethics Reform Act as compared to actual adjustments in Member pay; details on past legislation enacted with language prohibiting the annual pay adjustment; and Member pay in constant and current dollars since 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amendments on the House Floor: Summary of Major Restrictions

Amendments on the House Floor: Summary of Major Restrictions

Date: September 23, 2013
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the opportunities for Representatives to offer floor amendments to a bill or resolution procedures by which the House considers the measure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federalism, State Sovereignty, and the Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power

Federalism, State Sovereignty, and the Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power

Date: September 23, 2013
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report discusses state and federal legislative power generally and focuses on a number of these "federalism" cases. The report discusses state and federal legislative power generally, and focuses on a number of these "federalism" cases.1 Issues addressed include congressional power under the Commerce Clause and the Fourteenth Amendment; limits on congressional powers, such as the Tenth Amendment; state sovereign immunity under the Eleventh Amendment; and grant condition imposed under the Spending Clause.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Manual: Summary of Contents

House Rules Manual: Summary of Contents

Date: September 23, 2013
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report provides a description of house rules and manuals. The first section of the House Manual identifies the more substantive rules changes made by the House resolution adopting the rules of the current Congress. Also identified are citations to volumes of precedents referenced in the parliamentarian's annotations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Assaults Under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ): Selected Legislative Proposals

Sexual Assaults Under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ): Selected Legislative Proposals

Date: September 6, 2013
Creator: Mason, R. C.
Description: This report discusses the military-related cases involving sexual assaults by U.S. service members that have resulted in increased public and congressional interest in military discipline and the military justice system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Redistricting and the Voting Rights Act: A Legal Overview

Congressional Redistricting and the Voting Rights Act: A Legal Overview

Date: August 30, 2013
Creator: Whitaker, L. P.
Description: This report provides a legal overview of Section 2 of the VRA, a key provision affecting congressional redistricting, and selected Supreme Court case law. It discusses Sections 4 and 5, and the recent Supreme Court decision holding Section 4(b) unconstitutional, Shelby County v. Holder. Section 4 contained a coverage formula that identified states and jurisdictions that were required to gain federal approval or "preclearance" to proposed redistricting plans under Section 5. The report also provides an overview of selected legislation in the 112th and 113th Congresses that would establish additional requirements and standards for congressional redistricting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Date: August 28, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Gerrity, Jessica C.
Description: This report examines the purpose and activities of Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMO) and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress, focusing on their regulation in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration, the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), and the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: August 22, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights. Topics include the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department