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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Environmental Protection Legislation in the 105th Congress

Environmental Protection Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: September 18, 1997
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: The 105th Congress enacted tax provisions relating to Superfund brownfields sites, transportation- and defense-related environmental provisions, a border smog bill, EPA funding as well as reinstating the tax that supports the Leaking Underground Storage Trust Fund. There were various actions on regulatory reform, the budget resolution, appropriations, highway- and defense-related environmental provisions, Superfund reform bills and underground storage tanks. It is too early to tell if these will be issues for the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Legislation in the 105th Congress

Environmental Protection Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: November 9, 1998
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: The 105th Congress enacted tax provisions relating to Superfund brownfields sites, transportation- and defense-related environmental provisions, a border smog bill, EPA funding as well as reinstating the tax that supports the Leaking Underground Storage Trust Fund. There were various actions on regulatory reform, the budget resolution, appropriations, highway- and defense-related environmental provisions, Superfund reform bills and underground storage tanks. It is too early to tell if these will be issues for the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 106th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: November 24, 1998
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: In the 106th Congress, no comprehensive activity on reauthorizing the Clean Water Act occurred, although a number of individual clean water bills were enacted. Other issues have been debated recently, such as reforming the law to provide regulatory relief for industry, states and cities, and individual landowners. The debate over many of these issues highlights differing views of the Act and its implementation by some who seek to strengthen existing requirements and others who believe that costs and benefits should be more carefully weighed before additional control programs are mandated.
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Disaster Mitigation Bills in the 106th Congress: H.R. 707, S. 1691 Compared

Disaster Mitigation Bills in the 106th Congress: H.R. 707, S. 1691 Compared

Date: October 25, 1999
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act authorizes the President to declare that an emergency or major disaster exists that overwhelms state and local resources. Legislation before the 106th Congress (H.R. 707 and S. 1691) would, among other matters, amend the Act to: (1) fund hazard mitigation projects designed to reduce future disaster losses; (2) add conditions to assistance; and (3) consolidate provisions governing the distribution of aid to disaster victims. This report compares provisions of the two bills, and will be updated as legislative action occurs.
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Clean Air Act Issues

Clean Air Act Issues

Date: December 2, 1996
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: None
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Election of the President and Vice President by Congress: Contingent Election

Election of the President and Vice President by Congress: Contingent Election

Date: August 16, 1999
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: The 12th Amendment to the Constitution requires that candidates for President and Vice President receive a majority of electoral votes (currently 270 or more of a total of 538) to be elected. If no candidate receives a majority, the President is elected by the House of Representatives, and the Vice President is elected by the Senate. This process is referred to as contingent election and is the topic of discussion in this report.
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Staff Depositions in Congressional Investigations

Staff Depositions in Congressional Investigations

Date: December 3, 1999
Creator: Shampansky, Jay R
Description: None
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The Senate's Byrd Rule Against Extraneous Matter in Reconciliation Measures

The Senate's Byrd Rule Against Extraneous Matter in Reconciliation Measures

Date: September 9, 1998
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of the reported versions of H.R. 2621 and S. 1269, 105 Congress bills that would provide the President with trade negotiating authority and accord certain resulting agreements and implementing bills expedited -- or “fast-track” -- legislative consideration.
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Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Date: September 15, 1998
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of H.R. 2621 and S. 2400, as reported, 105th Congress bills that would provide the President with trade negotiating authority and accord certain resulting agreements and implementing bills expedited -- or "fast-track" -- legislative consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fiscal Year 1998 Continuing Resolutions

Fiscal Year 1998 Continuing Resolutions

Date: December 1, 1997
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: Congress annually considers 13 regular appropriations bills providing funding for agency operations. If any of these bills are not enacted by the start of the fiscal year (October 1), the nonessential activities of the agencies funded in the outstanding bills must cease. In those years in which all 13 bills are not enacted by the deadline, Congress adopts measures continuing funding until the regular bills are enacted. This report discusses these measures, which are referred to as continuing resolutions.
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Preventing Federal Government Shutdowns: Proposals for an Automatic Continuing Resolution

Preventing Federal Government Shutdowns: Proposals for an Automatic Continuing Resolution

Date: October 18, 1999
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
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The Use of Task Forces in the House

The Use of Task Forces in the House

Date: December 28, 1999
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Budget Process Reforms in the Senate: A Brief Analysis of Senate Resolutions 4, 5, 6, and 8

Proposed Budget Process Reforms in the Senate: A Brief Analysis of Senate Resolutions 4, 5, 6, and 8

Date: February 1, 1999
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee Hearings: Scheduling and Notification

House Committee Hearings: Scheduling and Notification

Date: March 8, 1999
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: Each House committee has authority to hold hearings whether the House is in session, has recessed, or has adjourned (Rule XI, clause 2(m)(1)(A)). Regardless of the type of hearing, or whether a hearing is held in or outside of Washington, hearings share common aspects of planning and preparation. this report discusses the issues a committee faces in deciding whether to schedule a hearing.
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House Committee Jurisdiction and Referral: Rules and Practice

House Committee Jurisdiction and Referral: Rules and Practice

Date: January 21, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly discusses the factors that determine House committee jurisdiction and more specifically House Rule X.
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Instructing House Conferees

Instructing House Conferees

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report describes the process of reaching the final agreement between house and senate over the final version of a bill that the two houses have passes in different forms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Affecting Committees

House Rules Affecting Committees

Date: February 22, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley & Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: House Rules, especially Rules X-XIII, govern the authority and operations of its committees and subcommittees. This report identifies and summarizes these and other rules and directives affecting committee powers, authority, activities, and operations.
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House Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

House Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly discusses the rules and procedure regarding House committee assignments, and outlines the various categories of committees.
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House Committees: Assignment Process?

House Committees: Assignment Process?

Date: January 21, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly discusses House Committee assignments, examining the process and assessing its effects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Governing Committee Markup Procedures

House Rules Governing Committee Markup Procedures

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report provides general guidance to committees for conducting meetings to mark up legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The House Amendment Tree

The House Amendment Tree

Date: September 15, 1998
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J
Description: This report discusses the House amendment tree, a chart that depicts the maximum number and types of amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Emergency Powers

National Emergency Powers

Date: April 29, 1991
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: This report the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601-1651) that eliminated or modified some statutory grants of emergency authority, required the President to declare formally the existence of a national emergency and to specify what statutory authority, activated by the declaration, would be used, and provided Congress a means to countermand the President's declaration and the activated authority being sought.
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The Legislative Process on the House Floor: An Introduction

The Legislative Process on the House Floor: An Introduction

Date: July 30, 1996
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report discusses the complicated body of rules, precedents, and practices that governs the legislative process on the floor of the House of Representatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department