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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2015

Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2015

Date: January 3, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E. & Wilhelm, Amber H.
Description: This report presents data on Member tenure and a historical analysis of tenure trends. During the 19th century, the average service of Representatives and Senators remained roughly constant, with little or no change over time; the average years of service was slightly higher for the first half of the century than during the second. During the late 19th and through the 20th century, the average years of service for Senators and Representatives steadily increased.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Salaries and Allowances: In Brief

Congressional Salaries and Allowances: In Brief

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides basic information on congressional salaries and allowances and recent developments. First, the report briefly summarizes the current salary of Members of Congress; limits or prohibitions on their outside earned income, honoraria, and tax deductions; options for life and health insurance; and retirement benefits. Second, the report provides information on allowances available to Representatives and Senators to support them in their official and representational duties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses secret, or closed, sessions of the House and Senate, which exclude the press and the public. They may be held for matters deemed to require confidentiality and secrecy--such as national security, sensitive communications received from the President, and Senate deliberations during impeachment trials. Although Members usually seek advance agreement for going into secret session, any Member of Congress may request a secret session without notice.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Oversight Manual

Congressional Oversight Manual

Date: December 19, 2014
Creator: Dolan, Alissa M.; Halchin, Elaine; Garvey, Todd; Oleszek, Walter J. & Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: The Congressional Research Service (CRS) developed the Congressional Oversight Manual over 30 years ago. Over the years, CRS has assisted many Members, committees, party leaders, and staff aides in the performance of the oversight function: the review, monitoring, and supervision of the implementation of public policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report provides a list of roughly 200 congressional liaison offices with phone numbers, addresses, and other contact information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This list of about 200 congressional liaison offices is intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Points of Order in the Senate

Constitutional Points of Order in the Senate

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: In general, the Senate's presiding officer does not take the initiative in enforcing Senate rules and precedents. Instead, a Senator may raise a point of order if he or she believes the Senate is taking (or is about to take) an action that violates the rules. In most circumstances, the presiding officer rules on the point of order on advice of the Parliamentarian; that ruling is typically subject to an appeal on which the Senate votes (unless the appeal is tabled or withdrawn). Pursuant to Rule XX, however, in certain circumstances a point of order is not ruled on by the presiding officer but is instead submitted to the Senate for its decision. A point of order that a pending matter (a bill or amendment, for example) violates the U.S. Constitution presents one such circumstance. This report explains Senate rules, precedents, and practices in regard to these constitutional points of order, including an analysis of recent cases in which such a point of order has been raised, and will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing a Congressional Office: Overview of House and Senate Practices

Closing a Congressional Office: Overview of House and Senate Practices

Date: December 5, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: Turnover of membership in the House and Senate necessitates closing congressional offices. The closure of a congressional office requires an outgoing Member of Congress to evaluate pertinent information regarding his or her staff; the disposal of personal and official records; and final disposition of office accounts, facilities, and equipment. This report is designed to address questions that arise when a congressional office is closing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor

The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor

Date: December 5, 2014
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Description: This report focuses on the floor activities of the House during its first formal session in a new Congress, and serves as a guide for those participating in or watching these proceedings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Members of Congress

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Members of Congress

Date: December 5, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: This report discusses the courtesies and privileges afforded to Members of the House and Senate, after they leave office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department