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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 109th Congress

Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 109th Congress

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: This report identifies the colleges and universities attended by Senators serving in the 109th Congress. Where available in published sources, the degrees earned are also listed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Messages, Petitions, Communications, and Memorials to Congress

Messages, Petitions, Communications, and Memorials to Congress

Date: August 5, 2003
Creator: Rundquist, Paul S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pages of the United States Congress: History, Background Information, and Proposals for Change

Pages of the United States Congress: History, Background Information, and Proposals for Change

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report provides a brief history of the congressional page programs, including their duties, and background information about House and Senate pages. It also has an overview of changes and reforms from 1981-2001, and proposed changes, reforms, and various issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Departing and Former Senators

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Departing and Former Senators

Date: September 14, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report provides information on selected privileges and courtesies (with the exception of federal health insurance, life insurance, and retirement benefits) extended to departing and former Senators. Some are derived from law and Senate Rules, but most are courtesies that have been extended as a matter of custom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guide to Individuals Seated on the Senate Dais

Guide to Individuals Seated on the Senate Dais

Date: October 20, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report briefly discusses where various individuals are seated in the Senate chamber.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

Date: April 8, 2008
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report discusses the federal minimum wage in American Samoa. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum wage for the islands is fixed by a commission established by the Secretary of Labor. The minimum wage for fish processing is currently $3.26 an hour. Were Congress to extend the general (federal) minimum wage to American Samoa (and raise it to $7.25 an hour, as is currently proposed), the fish processing industry might absorb the increase, change the way it processes tuna, or migrate to other low-wage countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

Date: May 22, 2007
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report discusses the federal minimum wage in American Samoa. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum wage for the islands is fixed by a commission established by the Secretary of Labor. The minimum wage for fish processing is currently $3.26 an hour. Were Congress to extend the general (federal) minimum wage to American Samoa (and raise it to $7.25 an hour, as is currently proposed), the fish processing industry might absorb the increase, change the way it processes tuna, or migrate to other low-wage countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Continuity of Operations (COOP): An Overview of Concepts and Challenges

Congressional Continuity of Operations (COOP): An Overview of Concepts and Challenges

Date: March 25, 2005
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric & Seifert, Jeffrey W
Description: This report discusses the circumstances surrounding COOP planning, including provisions for alternative meeting sites and methods for conducting House and Senate meetings and floor sessions when Capitol facilities are not available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members’ Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Members’ Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history and overview of the the Members’ Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns in the 109th Congress (2005 and 2006), the two most recent years for which all billing is complete and spending amounts have been finalized, since late-arriving bills may be paid for up to two years following the end of the MRA year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on congressional practices with respect to the duration of continuing resolutions, including the use of full-year measures, and focuses particularly on the period covering FY1998-FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amendments Between the Houses

Amendments Between the Houses

Date: May 19, 2003
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: This report briefly summarizes the process of amendments between the House of Representatives and the Senate, which occurs if the House and Senate approve differing versions of a measure. An exchange of amendments between the houses resolves these differences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: In the Summer of 2005, Congress focused on several Clean Air Act Issues before the August recess. Although the Congressional agenda stated that attention would be given to the needed amendments of the Clear Skies/Multi-Pollutant Legislation, this progress was stalled, and the committee failed to approve the bill due to a tied vote. This otherwise stagnated debate was given some attention due to the discussions over mercury regulations as they apply to power plants. The outcome of the decision concerning these regulations has stirred controversy in at least fifteen states. Perhaps the most debated issue that Congress covered concerned MTBE and Ethanol, which have been used to meet the Clean Air Act requirements that reformulated gasoline (RFG), sold in the nation’s worst ozone nonattainment areas, contain at least 2% oxygen, to improve combustion. Air quality standard deadlines and provisions, specifically in the most severe ozone nonattainment areas, were discussed by Congress. Discussions over the Clean Air Act also sparked discussions over environmental regulations concerning related issues, including the Conformity of Transportation Plans and SIPs, and Hurricane Katrina.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: November 25, 2005
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: The courts and the executive branch face major decisions on clean air issues in 2006, with Congress more likely playing an oversight role. One focus is EPA's Jan. 17 2006 proposal to strengthen air quality standards for fine particles, which are estimated to cause tens of thousands of premature deaths annually. Whether the proposal is supported by the available science and what impact its implementation would have likely issues of concern. Other issues of continuing interest are EPA's 2005 decisions limiting interstate transport of air pollution and establishing cap-and-trade systems for emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the agency's proposed changes to New Source Review.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: The courts and the executive branch face major decisions on clean air issues in 2006, with Congress more likely playing an oversight role. One focus is EPA's Jan. 17 2006 proposal to strengthen air quality standards for fine particles, which are estimated to cause tens of thousands of premature deaths annually. Whether the proposal is supported by the available science and what impact its implementation would have have likely issues of concern. Other issues of continuing interest are EPA's 2005 decisions limiting interstate transport of air pollution and establishing cap-and-trade systems for emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the agency's proposed changes to New Source Review.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Date: February 9, 2004
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report provides current and historical information on the budget resolution. It provides a list of the budget resolutions adopted and rejected by Congress since implementation of the CBA, including the U.S. Statutes-at-Large citations and committee report numbers, and describes their formulation and content. The report provides a table of selected optional components, a list of reconciliation measures, and information on the number of years covered by budget resolutions. It also provides information on the consideration and adoption of budget resolutions, including an identification of the House special rules that provided for consideration of budget resolutions; the amendments in the nature of a substitute to the budget resolution considered in the House; the number and disposition of House and Senate amendments to budget resolutions; and dates of House and Senate action on budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Date: January 25, 2005
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report provides current and historical information on the budget resolution. It provides a list of the budget resolutions adopted and rejected by Congress since implementation of the CBA, including the U.S. Statutes-at-Large citations and committee report numbers, and describes their formulation and content. The report provides a table of selected optional components, a list of reconciliation measures, and information on the number of years covered by budget resolutions. It also provides information on the consideration and adoption of budget resolutions, including an identification of the House special rules that provided for consideration of budget resolutions; the amendments in the nature of a substitute to the budget resolution considered in the House; the number and disposition of House and Senate amendments to budget resolutions; and dates of House and Senate action on budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Date: March 5, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report provides current and historical information on the budget resolution. It provides a list of the budget resolutions adopted and rejected by Congress since implementation of the CBA, including the U.S. Statutes-at-Large citations and committee report numbers, and describes their formulation and content. The report provides a table of selected optional components, a list of reconciliation measures, and information on the number of years covered by budget resolutions. It also provides information on the consideration and adoption of budget resolutions, including an identification of the House special rules that provided for consideration of budget resolutions; the amendments in the nature of a substitute to the budget resolution considered in the House; the number and disposition of House and Senate amendments to budget resolutions; and dates of House and Senate action on budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 10, 2004
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: The 108th Congress has acted on a variety of disparate environmental measures; some of these represent proposals or issues that had been under consideration in the 107th Congress and earlier. Environmental issues considered by Congress tend to fall into several major categories: (1) funding issues — whether funding levels are adequate and focused on appropriate priorities; (2) expanding, renewing, or refocusing specific environment programs; (3) environmental issues that are important “subsets” of other major areas of concern, such as energy, defense, or transportation programs; and more recently, (4) terrorism and infrastructure protection in areas such as wastewater and chemical facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 107th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: August 7, 2001
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: This report discuss issues that received congressional attention in the 107th Congress, such as The impact of air quality regulations, key water quality issues, superfund, solid/hazardous wastes, multibillion dollar cleanup and compliance programs, climate change, pesticides, EPA budget, and Science and Technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 107th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: September 12, 2002
Creator: Isler, Margaret M & Lee, Martin R
Description: This report discuss issues that received congressional attention in the 107th Congress, such as The impact of air quality regulations, key water quality issues, superfund, solid/hazardous wastes, multibillion dollar cleanup and compliance programs, climate change, pesticides, EPA budget, and Science and Technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Fast-Track" or Expedited Procedures: Their Purposes, Elements, and Implications

"Fast-Track" or Expedited Procedures: Their Purposes, Elements, and Implications

Date: January 18, 2001
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report discusses certain provisions of law that commonly are known as “fast-track” or expedited procedures. They are so labeled because these statutory provisions contain special legislative procedures that apply to one or both houses of Congress and that expedite, or put on a fast track, congressional consideration of a certain measure or a narrowly defined class of measures. This report first presents the nature, purpose, and elements of fast-track procedures. Then the report discusses some of the most important ways in which these procedures differ from the normal procedures of the House and Senate and, therefore, how the use of expedited procedures can affect the legislative process in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Fast-Track" or Expedited Procedures: Their Purposes, Elements, and Implications

"Fast-Track" or Expedited Procedures: Their Purposes, Elements, and Implications

Date: July 21, 2003
Creator: Davis, Christopher M
Description: This report discusses certain provisions of law that commonly are known as “fast-track” or expedited procedures. They are so labeled because these statutory provisions contain special legislative procedures that apply to one or both houses of Congress and that expedite, or put on a fast track, congressional consideration of a certain measure or a narrowly defined class of measures. This report first presents the nature, purpose, and elements of fast-track procedures. Then the report discusses some of the most important ways in which these procedures differ from the normal procedures of the House and Senate and, therefore, how the use of expedited procedures can affect the legislative process in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 109th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 23, 2006
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.; Isler, Margaret; Bearden, David M.; Copeland, Claudia; Esworthy, Robert; Luther, Linda et al.
Description: Environmental protection concerns span a wide variety of issues, including clear air, water quality, chemical security, and environmental aspects of other major issue areas, such as energy, transportation, disaster relief and cleanup, and defense. This report provides an overview of key environmental issues receiving attention in the 109th Congress. A number of environmental measures have been the subject of congressional activity, some of them as part of comprehensive bills and laws on broader subjects such as energy and transportation. Appropriations for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) affect many of the programs and issues discussed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 109th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: May 22, 2006
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: Environmental protection concerns span a wide variety of issues, including clean air, water quality, chemical security, and environmental aspects of other major issue areas such as transportation and defense. This issue brief provides an overview of key environmental issues that are receiving or may receive attention in the 109th Congress. The sections on specific issues contain references to more detailed and extensive CRS reports on the subjects covered.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department