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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Calendars of the House of Representatives

Calendars of the House of Representatives

Date: August 25, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report describes the use of "calendars" in the House of Representatives, referring to (1) lists of measures and motions eligible for consideration and (2) documents that contain the eligible motions and information about the status of legislation.
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Delegates to the U.S. Congress: History and Current Status

Delegates to the U.S. Congress: History and Current Status

Date: August 25, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report provides historical background on the development of the position of delegate to Congress and on the rights of a delegate once seated. Delegates, representing territories that had not yet achieved statehood, have served in the House since the late 1700s. In the 20th century, the concept of delegate grew to include representation of territories where the United States exercises some degree of control but were not expected to become states.
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House Committee Hearings: Arranging Witnesses

House Committee Hearings: Arranging Witnesses

Date: August 25, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the selection of witnesses for House committee hearings. House committees and subcommittees pay careful attention to which viewpoints will be represented, who should testify, and the order and format for presenting witnesses. Witnesses do not have an inherent right to appear at a hearing but must be invited by a committee or subcommittee in order to testify; committees and subcommittees may also subpoena reluctant witnesses to appear at a hearing.
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House Committee Hearings: Preparation

House Committee Hearings: Preparation

Date: August 25, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report contains a checklist that identifies many of the tasks that need to be performed for committee hearings. Committee hearings provide Representatives an opportunity to gather information on, and draw attention to, legislation and issues within a committee's purview; conduct oversight of programs or agencies; and investigate allegations of mismanagement or wrongdoing.
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House Committee Hearings: Scheduling and Notification

House Committee Hearings: Scheduling and Notification

Date: August 25, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report briefly discusses scheduling and notification requirements, and practices for House committee hearings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pairing in Congressional Voting: The House

Pairing in Congressional Voting: The House

Date: August 25, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the practice of "pairing" for votes in the House of Representatives. Under certain procedural circumstances, a Member who is absent during a vote on the House floor may arrange with a Member on the opposite side of a specific question (who will be present) to announce that the Member who is present is forming a "pair" with the absent Member, thus allowing the absent Member to have his intended vote recorded.
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Quorum Requirements in the House: Committee and Chamber

Quorum Requirements in the House: Committee and Chamber

Date: August 25, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses minimum quorum requirements established by House Rule XI, clause 2 for eight areas of committee activity.
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Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides background on the historical frequency of federal funding gaps and shutdowns. It also discusses features of Automatic Continuing Resolutions (ACRs), arguments for and against ACRs, relevant Congressional actions, and proposals in the 112th through 114th Congresses.
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House Committee Hearings: Witness Testimony

House Committee Hearings: Witness Testimony

Date: August 10, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the witness testimony process in House of Representatives committee hearings. Witnesses before House committees must generally file advance copies of their written testimony with the committee and then limit their oral testimony to brief summaries (Rule XI, clause 2(g)(5)). A question-and-answer period usually follows a witness's opening statement. Following hearings, committees usually publish the transcripts of witness testimony and questioning.
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Types of Committee Hearings

Types of Committee Hearings

Date: August 10, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report describes the four types of congressional committee hearings: legislative, oversight, investigative, and confirmation. Hearings may be held on Capitol Hill or elsewhere (e.g., a committee member's district or state, or a site related to the subject of the hearing). These latter hearings are often referred to as field hearings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department