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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report seeks to assist in (1) anticipating what federal budget-related actions might occur within the year 2016, and (2) staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016. In addition, it includes information on certain events that may affect Congress's work on the budget, such as the President's budget request and the Congressional Budget Office's budget and economic outlook.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Record: Its Production, Distribution, and Accessibility

Congressional Record: Its Production, Distribution, and Accessibility

Date: October 27, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report briefly discusses how the Congressional Record is created and distributed. The Congressional Record is the most widely recognized published account of the debates and activities in Congress and it often reflects the intent of Congress in enacting legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Presidential Veto and Congressional Procedure

The Presidential Veto and Congressional Procedure

Date: February 27, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of procedures involved in vetoing a bill and the ways Congress can respond to a presidential veto. Presidential vetoes are a rejection of legislation approved by majorities in both houses of Congress. Vetoes and congressional efforts to override them are often the reason for, or a reflection of, conflict between Congress and the President. The threat of a presidential veto can prompt the modification of bills moving through the legislative process. Tabular data are provided on the number of presidential vetoes exercised by each President from George Washington to William Clinton.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Days Reserved for Special Business in the House

Days Reserved for Special Business in the House

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report provides a table and general guidelines for business that has privileged consideration on specified days in the House of Representatives. It includes some information about related procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Committee Assignment Process in the U.S. Senate: Democratic and Republican Party Procedures

Committee Assignment Process in the U.S. Senate: Democratic and Republican Party Procedures

Date: November 3, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report focuses primarily on how Senators are elected to standing committees. It includes information about how standing committee sizes and ratios are set; the classification of committees for assignment purposes, and the chamber limitations on committee service; procedures that each party uses to recommend Senators and how the full chamber approves these recommendations; and the processes used to appoint Senators to non-standing committees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parliamentary Reference Sources: House of Representatives

Parliamentary Reference Sources: House of Representatives

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report discusses the availability and format of three types of parliamentary reference materials: official sources such as the House Rules and Manual and the published precedents; publications of committees and offices of the House; and documents prepared by House party and leadership organizations. It also reviews some principles of House parliamentary procedure that are important to consider when using information from parliamentary reference sources.
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Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides pertinent background information, reviews the recent enactment of omnibus appropriation measures, and briefly addresses several issues raised by their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses various issues in the 109th Congress pertaining to water infrastructure and water quality standards. Legislative initiatives to comprehensively amend the Clean Water Act (CWA) have stalled for some time as interested parties have debated whether and exactly how to change the law. Congress has recently focused legislative attention on narrow bills to extend or modify selected CWA programs, rather than taking up comprehensive proposals.
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Congressional Roll Call and Other Record Votes: First Congress Through 108th Congress, 1789 Through 2004

Congressional Roll Call and Other Record Votes: First Congress Through 108th Congress, 1789 Through 2004

Date: March 3, 2005
Creator: Pontius, John S.
Description: This report is a compilation of information on roll call and other record votes taken in the House of Representatives and Senate from the first Congress through the 108th Congress, 1789 through 2004.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House and Senate Rules of Procedure: A Comparison

House and Senate Rules of Procedure: A Comparison

Date: April 7, 1999
Creator: Rundquist, Paul; Schneider, Judy & Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: This report compares selected House and Senate rules of procedure governing various stages of the legislative process: referral of legislation to committees; scheduling and calling up measures; and floor consideration. The appendices provide sources of additional information about House and Senate rules of procedure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amendments in Disagreement

Amendments in Disagreement

Date: November 3, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report briefly summarizes the process of amendments between the House of Representatives and the Senate, which occurs if the House and Senate approve differing versions of a measure. The House and Senate must approve an identical version of a measure before it may be presented for the President's approval or veto. If the House and Senate approve differing versions of a measure, the differences must first be resolved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The House Amendment Tree

The House Amendment Tree

Date: February 20, 2001
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: This report discusses the House amendment tree, a chart that depicts the maximum number and types of amendments that may be offered to a measure before any amendment is voted upon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Revenue Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Revenue Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses revenue legislation, which may include changes to individual and corporate income taxes, social insurance taxes, excise taxes, or tariffs and duties. Congressional consideration of revenue legislation is governed by various constitutional provisions and procedural rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hearings in the House of Representatives: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Hearings in the House of Representatives: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Date: June 13, 2006
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: The report describes provisions of House rules that pertain to hearings; citations to these rules are included for reference. While House rules generally apply to committees and subcommittees, it is House Rule XI that contains many provisions specific to hearings. House rules set the general framework in which committees hold hearings.
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The President Pro Tempore of the Senate: History and Authority of the Office

The President Pro Tempore of the Senate: History and Authority of the Office

Date: July 26, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report traces the constitutional origins and development of the office of President pro tempore of the Senate, reviews its current role and authority, and provides information on Senators who have held this office -- and the more recently-created subsidiary offices -- over the past two centuries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preparation for Senate Committee Markup

Preparation for Senate Committee Markup

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report briefly discusses the preparation which precedes the legislative stage during which a committee chooses the language of a measure it expects to report to the Senate, called "markups." Markups are carefully planned in advance to insure that the requirements of Senate rules have been met, political decisions have been made, and administrative issues have been addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Special Rules Regulate Calling up Measures for Consideration in the House

How Special Rules Regulate Calling up Measures for Consideration in the House

Date: December 5, 2005
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This fact sheet describes how a special rule -- a House resolution that regulates consideration of a specific legislative measure named in the resolution -- may set terms for consideration by Representatives. It includes information about the system of privilege, forms of consideration, and how the rules are used to manage the agenda.
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Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA): History and Usage

Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA): History and Usage

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history of the Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA) and an overview of recent developments, including funding levels. It also analyzes actual SOPOEA spending patterns in selected years. The allowance is provided on a fiscal year basis (i.e., October 1-September 30) in the annual legislative branch appropriations bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN) for Law Enforcement

National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN) for Law Enforcement

Date: July 3, 2001
Creator: Boesman, William C. & Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides a brief history of how the current National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN) system evolved and operates. It includes information about issues that may be of concern to Members and committees of the 107th Congress, such as whether expanding NIBIN to include new gun purchases could be construed as a step toward a national gun registry system. The report also summarizes bills introduced in the 107th Congress related to NIBIN.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context

The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report discusses the "discharge rule" of the House of Representatives, which provides a means by which a majority of Members may bring to the floor for consideration a measure that has not been reported from committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of Senate Bills

Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of Senate Bills

Date: June 21, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report discusses the sponsorship and co-sponsorship of Senate bills. A Senator who introduces a bill or other measure in the Senate is called its sponsor. Senators may together submit a bill, but the first-named Senator is considered the chief sponsor; the others are considered cosponsors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 109th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 109th Congress: A Profile

Date: November 29, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 109th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, female and minority Members, foreign-born Members, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Wellborn, Clay H. & Kolakowski, Michael
Description: This report discusses the process of conducting legislative research: deciding the scope, collecting the information and evaluating sources. Members of Congress need many kinds of information and analysis to support their legislative, oversight, and representational work, including both quick facts, or information to improve their understanding of a complex set of issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Description: This report discusses Congress' power to override presidential vetoes. The President's veto authority is among his most significant tools in legislative dealings with Congress. It is effective not only in preventing the passage of legislation undesirable to the President, but also as a threat, sometimes forcing Congress to modify legislation before it is presented to the President.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department