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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: February 2, 2008
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the AIDS issues in Africa and the Bush administration call to double U.S. international funding for AIDS.
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Proposals to Reform “Holds” in the Senate

Proposals to Reform “Holds” in the Senate

Date: December 20, 2007
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: This report examines, over a more than three decade period, a wide range of proposals to reform holds. In general, the objective of these recommendations is not to abolish holds but to infuse more accountability, uniformity, and transparency in their use and to make it clear that holds are not a veto on the majority leader's prerogative of calling up measures or matters.
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House Subcommittees: Assignment Process

House Subcommittees: Assignment Process

Date: May 11, 2007
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: House rules, Republican Conference and Democratic Caucus rules, and individual committee rules all address the subcommittee assignment process, although to varying degrees. This report describes the assignment process for House Subcommittees.
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Subcommittees in the House of Representatives

Subcommittees in the House of Representatives

Date: May 3, 2007
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: Subcommittees are entities created by full committees to assist them in managing their work. Service on subcommittees enables members to develop expertise in specialized fields. Subcommittees diffuse the legislative process. For the most part, they are independent, autonomous units with written jurisdictions, and, pursuant to longstanding practice, most bills are referred by a full committee to them. This report provides a brief history of subcommittees, as well as their modern role and function in Congress.
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Senate Leadership Structure: Overview of Party Organization

Senate Leadership Structure: Overview of Party Organization

Date: December 7, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: Each Congress, Senators meet to organize the chamber and select their party leaders. In addition to the majority and minority leaders and party whips are numerous entities created by the party to assist with the work of the party.
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Senate Leadership: Whip Organization

Senate Leadership: Whip Organization

Date: December 7, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: The whip system performs two primary functions: to take responsibility for the mobilization of party Members for key votes and to serve as a conduit for information between party leaders and party Members.
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Commitee Assignment Process in the U.S. Senate: Democratic and Republican Party Procedures

Commitee Assignment Process in the U.S. Senate: Democratic and Republican Party Procedures

Date: November 3, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: Because of the importance of committee work, Senators consider desirable committee assignments a priority. After general elections are over, one of the first orders of business for Senate leaders is setting the sizes and ratios of committees. This report describes the process of creating Senate committees, including the nomination process and rules and regulations specifically pertaining to said process.
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House Contested Election Cases: 1933 to 2005

House Contested Election Cases: 1933 to 2005

Date: October 26, 2006
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: This report provides a summary of contested election cases from the 73rd Congress through the 109th Congress, 1933 to 2005. The descriptions primarily provide information concerning the nature of the action and the disposition of the case. The summary is limited to only those cases that were considered by the House of Representatives; cases decided at the state level are beyond the scope of this report.
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Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Date: October 26, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: Senate Rule XXV and party conference rules address committee assignments. Senate Rule XXV, paragraphs 2 and 3 establish categories of committees, popularly referred to as "A," "B," and "C," that condition assignment rules. This report outlines the categories of and rules for assigning Senators to Senate committees.
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Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: October 6, 2006
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: A number of issues affecting U.S. agriculture have been or are being addressed by the 109th Congress. The Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171), enacted in February 2006, included a net reduction in spending on U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) mandatory programs of $2.7 billion over five years, and the reauthorization of a dairy income support program. Other issues of importance to agriculture during the second session of the 109th Congress include the consideration of emergency farm disaster assistance; multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations; concerns about agroterrorism, food safety, and animal and plant diseases (e.g., “mad cow” disease and avian flu); high energy costs; environmental issues; agricultural marketing matters; the reauthorization of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission; and farm labor issues.
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