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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Aviation and Climate Change

Aviation and Climate Change

Date: August 4, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides background on aviation emissions and the factors affecting them; it discusses the tools available to control emissions, including existing authority under the Clean Air Act and proposed economy-wide cap-and-trade legislation; and it examines international regulatory developments that may affect U.S. commercial airlines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Date: March 15, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses secret, or closed, sessions of the House and Senate exclude the press and the public.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation and Climate Change

Aviation and Climate Change

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides background on aviation emissions and the factors affecting them; it discusses the tools available to control emissions, including existing authority under the Clean Air Act and proposed economy-wide cap-and-trade legislation; and it examines international regulatory developments that may affect U.S. commercial airlines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Oversight Manual

Congressional Oversight Manual

Date: December 19, 2014
Creator: Dolan, Alissa M.; Halchin, Elaine; Garvey, Todd; Oleszek, Walter J. & Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: The Congressional Research Service (CRS) developed the Congressional Oversight Manual over 30 years ago. Over the years, CRS has assisted many Members, committees, party leaders, and staff aides in the performance of the oversight function: the review, monitoring, and supervision of the implementation of public policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Points of Order in the Senate

Constitutional Points of Order in the Senate

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: In general, the Senate's presiding officer does not take the initiative in enforcing Senate rules and precedents. Instead, a Senator may raise a point of order if he or she believes the Senate is taking (or is about to take) an action that violates the rules. In most circumstances, the presiding officer rules on the point of order on advice of the Parliamentarian; that ruling is typically subject to an appeal on which the Senate votes (unless the appeal is tabled or withdrawn). Pursuant to Rule XX, however, in certain circumstances a point of order is not ruled on by the presiding officer but is instead submitted to the Senate for its decision. A point of order that a pending matter (a bill or amendment, for example) violates the U.S. Constitution presents one such circumstance. This report explains Senate rules, precedents, and practices in regard to these constitutional points of order, including an analysis of recent cases in which such a point of order has been raised, and will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses secret, or closed, sessions of the House and Senate, which exclude the press and the public. They may be held for matters deemed to require confidentiality and secrecy--such as national security, sensitive communications received from the President, and Senate deliberations during impeachment trials. Although Members usually seek advance agreement for going into secret session, any Member of Congress may request a secret session without notice.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speakers of the House: Elections

Speakers of the House: Elections

Date: January 7, 2015
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report provides data on elections of the Speaker in each Congress since 1913, when the House first reached its present size of 435 Members. During that period (63rd through 114th Congresses), a Speaker was elected five times with the votes of less than a majority of the full membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Salaries and Allowances: In Brief

Congressional Salaries and Allowances: In Brief

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides basic information on congressional salaries and allowances and recent developments. First, the report briefly summarizes the current salary of Members of Congress; limits or prohibitions on their outside earned income, honoraria, and tax deductions; options for life and health insurance; and retirement benefits. Second, the report provides information on allowances available to Representatives and Senators to support them in their official and representational duties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amendments Between the Houses: Procedural Options and Effects

Amendments Between the Houses: Procedural Options and Effects

Date: March 23, 2015
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report explains the procedural options for resolving differences through amendments between the houses, and to discuss the procedural effects of resolving differences through this process as an alternative to conference committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: March 18, 2015
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report is a list of about 200 congressional liaison offices is intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Heads of State Addressing Congress

Foreign Heads of State Addressing Congress

Date: February 27, 2015
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report discusses the historical precedent for an addresses Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu made before a joint meeting of Congress on March 3, 2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee Funding Requests and Authorizations, 104th-113th Congresses

House Committee Funding Requests and Authorizations, 104th-113th Congresses

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report describes the House Committee funding process provides tables for each of the Congresses from the 104th through the 113th containing committee funding requests and authorizations as adopted pursuant to primary expense authorizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Rules Affecting Committees

Senate Rules Affecting Committees

Date: March 24, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report identifies and summarizes the provisions of the Senate's standing rules, standing orders, precedents, and other directives that relate to legislative activity in the Senate's standing committees. It covers four main issues: committee organization, committee meetings, hearings, and reporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speakers of the House: Elections, 1913-2015

Speakers of the House: Elections, 1913-2015

Date: January 7, 2015
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report provides data on elections of the Speaker in each Congress since 1913, when the House first reached its present size of 435 Members. During that period (63rd through 114th Congresses), a Speaker was elected five times with the votes of less than a majority of the full membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Locate an Agency or Program Within Appropriations Bills

Locate an Agency or Program Within Appropriations Bills

Date: February 27, 2015
Creator: Murray, Justin
Description: This report, generated from House and Senate Appropriations Committee published materials, is intended as a resource to guide individuals seeking to verify sources of appropriations for selected federal agencies and programs. It is not a definitive or comprehensive listing of all federal agencies, programs, projects, or activities that appear in annual appropriations measures from year to year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: A Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues

Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: A Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues

Date: March 5, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical synopsis of the evolving nature of the federal grants-in-aid system, focusing on the role Congress has played in defining the system's scope and nature.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amendments Between the Houses: Procedural Options and Effects

Amendments Between the Houses: Procedural Options and Effects

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report explains the procedural options for resolving differences through amendments between the houses, and to discuss the procedural effects of resolving differences through this process as an alternative to conference committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Review Act: Rules Not Submitted to GAO and Congress

Congressional Review Act: Rules Not Submitted to GAO and Congress

Date: December 29, 2009
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report discusses the Congressional Review Act (CRA; 5 U.S.C. ยง801-808), which was enacted to improve congressional authority over agency rulemaking, and requires federal agencies to submit all of their final rules to both houses of Congress and the Government Accountability Office (GAO) before they can take effect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind Is Used

Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind Is Used

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: When Congress seeks to pass a law, it uses a bill or joint resolution, which must be passed by both houses in identical form, then presented to the President for his approval or disapproval. This report briefly describes this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Casework in a Congressional Office: Background, Rules, Laws, and Resources

Casework in a Congressional Office: Background, Rules, Laws, and Resources

Date: November 30, 2012
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: Report that discusses House and Senate rules and guidelines, laws, and regulations affecting congressional casework, as well as the role of caseworkers. It also provides sample outlines and document templates for implementing and managing congressional casework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2010

Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2010

Date: March 14, 2011
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric
Description: Members of Congress and their staff frequently ask questions concerning the nature, history, and contemporary application of the process for awarding Gold Medals. This report responds to congressional inquiries concerning this process, and includes a historical examination and chronological list of these awards. It is intended to assist Members of Congress and staff in their consideration of future Gold Medal proposals, and will be updated as Gold Medals are approved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: Comprehensive Energy Legislation (H.R. 6, S. 10) in the 109th Congress

Energy Policy: Comprehensive Energy Legislation (H.R. 6, S. 10) in the 109th Congress

Date: June 24, 2005
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L. & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: Conferees on H.R. 6, the Energy Policy Act of 2005, began meeting July 14, 2005, and are predicting that the conference will be completed July 25. The Senate passed its version of the bill June 28, and the House passed its version April 21. The Senate and House bills are similar, but major differences exist, including the following areas: ethanol and methyl tertiary-butyl ether, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, electricity restructuring, renewable energy, climate change, tax provisions, outer continental shelf, and the siting of LNG terminals
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: Comprehensive Energy Legislation (H.R. 6, S. 10) in the 109th Congress

Energy Policy: Comprehensive Energy Legislation (H.R. 6, S. 10) in the 109th Congress

Date: July 22, 2005
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L. & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: Conferees on H.R. 6, the Energy Policy Act of 2005, began meeting July 14, 2005, and are predicting that the conference will be completed July 25. The Senate passed its version of the bill June 28, and the House passed its version April 21. The Senate and House bills are similar, but major differences exist, including the following areas: ethanol and methyl tertiary-butyl ether, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, electricity restructuring, renewable energy, climate change, tax provisions, outer continental shelf, and the siting of LNG terminals
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: Comprehensive Energy Legislation (H.R. 6, S. 10) in the 109th Congress

Energy Policy: Comprehensive Energy Legislation (H.R. 6, S. 10) in the 109th Congress

Date: July 22, 2005
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L. & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: Conferees on H.R. 6, the Energy Policy Act of 2005, began meeting July 14, 2005, and are predicting that the conference will be completed July 25. The Senate passed its version of the bill June 28, and the House passed its version April 21. The Senate and House bills are similar, but major differences exist, including the following areas: ethanol and methyl tertiary-butyl ether, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, electricity restructuring, renewable energy, climate change, tax provisions, outer continental shelf, and the siting of LNG terminals
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department