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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Invasive Species: Issues in Brief

Invasive Species: Issues in Brief

Date: May 22, 2015
Creator: Corn, M. L. & Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses issues for congress regarding whether new legislative authorities and funding are needed to address issues related to invasive species and their increasing economic and ecological impacts on such disparate matters as power plant operations, grazing lands, and coral reef fishes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earmark Disclosure Rules in the House: Member and Committee Requirements

Earmark Disclosure Rules in the House: Member and Committee Requirements

Date: May 21, 2015
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report outlines the major administrative responsibilities of Members and committees of the House of Representatives associated with the chamber's earmark disclosure rules. Earmark disclosure rules in both the House and Senate were implemented with the stated intention of bringing more transparency to congressionally directed spending. The administrative responsibilities associated with these rules vary by chamber.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bypassing Senate Committees: Rule XIV and Unanimous Consent

Bypassing Senate Committees: Rule XIV and Unanimous Consent

Date: May 20, 2015
Creator: Koempel, Michael L.
Description: This report examines the alternative procedures and actions that the Senate uses to bypass committee consideration of bills and joint resolutions. It also provides examples of how the Senate uses these alternative procedures and actions to facilitate consideration and passage of some bills and joint resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Spending and the Budget Control Act Limits

Defense Spending and the Budget Control Act Limits

Date: May 19, 2015
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act, which sets limits on defense spending between FY2012 and FY2021. The current debate in Congress has centered on whether to adjust the BCA defense caps upward; move base budget spending to accounts designated for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) that are not subject to spending limits; reduce the defense spending in the Administration's request to comply with BCA revised caps; or use some combination of these approaches, all in order to avoid a sequester.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Motions to Proceed to Consider Measures in the Senate: Who Offers Them?

Motions to Proceed to Consider Measures in the Senate: Who Offers Them?

Date: May 18, 2015
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Oleszek, Mark J.
Description: This report examines motions to proceed to consider items of legislative business ("measures"); it does not cover nominations or treaties ("executive business"). Motions to proceed to legislative business are normally debatable unless the underlying measure is "privileged," which includes conference reports and measures subject to statutory expedited procedures. The data in this report do not distinguish between debatable and non-debatable motions to proceed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Reform: Background and Issues for Congress

United Nations Reform: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 15, 2015
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report examines reform priorities from the perspective of several key actors, including Members of Congress, the Obama Administration, selected member states, the U.N. Secretary-General, and a cross-section of groups tasked with addressing U.N. reform. It also discusses congressional actions related to U.N. reform and mechanisms for implementing reform, as well as possible challenges facing U.S. policy makers as they consider existing and future U.N. reform efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 7, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report provides background information Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), and discusses U.S. trade negotiating objectives, procedures for congressional-executive notification and consultation, and expedited legislative procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Franking Privilege: Mass Mailings and Mass Communications in the House, 1997-2014

Franking Privilege: Mass Mailings and Mass Communications in the House, 1997-2014

Date: May 6, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report provides an analysis of House Member mass mailings (1997-2008, 2012-2014) and mass communications (2009-2014). Despite significant reductions in congressional mail postage costs over the past 25 years, critics continue to raise concerns about the franking privilege.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Franking Privilege: Background and Recent Legislation

Congressional Franking Privilege: Background and Recent Legislation

Date: May 5, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report discusses the congressional franking privilege, which dates from 1775 and allows Members of Congress to transmit mail matter under their signature without postage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of H.R. 1560 and H.R. 1731 as Passed by the House

Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of H.R. 1560 and H.R. 1731 as Passed by the House

Date: April 29, 2015
Creator: Fischer, Eric A.
Description: This report compares provisions in two bills in the House of Representatives that address information sharing and related activities in cybersecurity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department