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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Speakers of the House: Elections, 1913-2015

Speakers of the House: Elections, 1913-2015

Date: November 3, 2015
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report provides data on elections of the Speaker in each Congress since 1913, when the House first reached its present size of 435 Members. During that period (63rd through 114th Congresses), a Speaker was elected five times with the votes of less than a majority of the full membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Date: October 31, 2015
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aiding Israel after the Iran Nuclear Deal: Issues for Congress

Aiding Israel after the Iran Nuclear Deal: Issues for Congress

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report discusses recent indications from the Obama administration that the United States may provide Israel with additional military aid during the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Apportioning Seats in the U.S. House of Representatives Using the 2013 Estimated Citizen Population

Apportioning Seats in the U.S. House of Representatives Using the 2013 Estimated Citizen Population

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Crocker, Royce
Description: This report examines the impact on the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives if such a change were to occur, using an estimate of the 2013 citizen population in place of the 2010 apportionment population to determine the potential distribution of seats in the House of Representatives for the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2015

Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2015

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report briefly describes current responsibilities and selection mechanisms for 15 House and Senate party leadership posts and provides tables with historical data, including service dates, party affiliation, and other information for each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses and a list of executive orders and presidential directives pertaining to information and computer security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides information on the congressional consideration of the FY2016 regular appropriations bills and the FY2016 continuing resolution (CR). It also discusses the statutory and procedural budget enforcement framework for FY2016 appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Survey of House and Senate Committee Rules on Subpoenas

A Survey of House and Senate Committee Rules on Subpoenas

Date: October 26, 2015
Creator: Koempel, Michael L.
Description: This report surveys House committees' subpoena rules first and then Senate committees' subpoena rules. Both surveys begin with a brief description of chamber rules, followed by a short summary of that chamber's committees' rules that are related to subpoenas but do not directly pertain to authorizing or issuing subpoenas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electing the Speaker of the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Electing the Speaker of the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: October 23, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report briefly poses and answers several "frequently asked questions" in relation to the floor proceedings used to elect a Speaker of the House. Current practice for electing a Speaker, either at the start of a Congress or in the event of a vacancy, is by roll-call vote, during which Members state aloud the name of their preferred candidate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: October 20, 2015
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report summarizes the points of order currently in effect under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended, as well as related points of order established in various other measures that have a direct impact on budget enforcement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Actions

Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Actions

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report contains information on the legislative branch agency heads' appointment processes, length of tenures (if terms are set), reappointment or removal provisions (if any), salaries and benefits, and most recent appointments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enrollment of Legislation: Relevant Congressional Procedures

Enrollment of Legislation: Relevant Congressional Procedures

Date: October 14, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the enrollment process of bills and resolutions in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920 to 2015

Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920 to 2015

Date: October 13, 2015
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report details the evolution of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees' subcommittee structure from the 1920s to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Debates over Exchange Rates: Overview and Issues for Congress

Current Debates over Exchange Rates: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: September 17, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report provides information on current debates over exchange rates in the global economy. It offers an overview of how exchange rates work; analyzes specific disagreements and debates; and examines existing frameworks for potentially addressing currency disputes. It also lays out some policy options available to Congress, should Members want to take action on exchange rate issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Date: September 17, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides historical tables on the rate of pay for Members of Congress since 1789; details on enacted legislation with language prohibiting the automatic annual pay adjustment since the most recent adjustment; the adjustments projected by the Ethics Reform Act as compared with actual adjustments in Member pay; and Member pay in constant and current dollars since 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Procedures for Congressional Action in Relation to a Nuclear Agreement with Iran: In Brief

Procedures for Congressional Action in Relation to a Nuclear Agreement with Iran: In Brief

Date: September 11, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report provides, in brief, analysis of the congressional procedural provisions laid out in the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 (P.L. 114-17). The act establishes a period for Congress to review any comprehensive agreement, during which certain presidential actions to provide relief from sanctions on Iran are barred.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: September 10, 2015
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report is a list of about 200 congressional liaison offices, intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statutory Qualifications for Executive Branch Positions

Statutory Qualifications for Executive Branch Positions

Date: September 9, 2015
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report provides background on the framework for constitutional appointments, discusses Congress's constitutional authority to set qualifications for appointees, discusses congressional practices in this area, and provides related analysis and options. It also includes two tables with examples of existing positions with qualification requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides a list of executive orders and presidential directives pertaining to information and computer security. Cybersecurity vulnerabilities challenge governments, businesses, and individuals worldwide. Attacks have various targets, depending upon whether the attacker was seeking military intelligence, conducting diplomatic or industrial espionage, engaging in cybercrime, or intimidating political activists; additionally attributing an attack to a specific location can be difficult, which may make responding problematic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pope Francis and Selected Global Issues: Background for Papal Address to Congress

Pope Francis and Selected Global Issues: Background for Papal Address to Congress

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare; Reese, Shawn; Straus, Jacob R.; Werner, James D. & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides Members of Congress with background information on Pope Francis and a summary of a few selected global issues of congressional interest that have figured prominently on his agenda. The background section on Pope Francis includes a biographical sketch of his life as Jorge Mario Bergoglio, followed by a brief overview of his papacy thus far. The report then identifies some--but not all--of the global issues of concern to Pope Francis. Those include environmental stewardship, poverty and inequality, peace and diplomacy, and human trafficking.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
History and Authority of the Joint Economic Committee

History and Authority of the Joint Economic Committee

Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report briefly discusses joint committees, which are composed of members from both the House and the Senate. The work of these committees generally involves conducting studies and overseeing aspects of congressional operations. This report focuses specifically on the Joint Economic Committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Legislative Procedures: Published Sources of Information

Senate Legislative Procedures: Published Sources of Information

Date: August 26, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: The Senate publishes its rules, precedents, and other related information so that Senators and their staff have convenient access to the Senate’s legislative procedures and can gauge how those procedures are likely to apply in various situations. Information about the Senate’s legislative procedures is published in four official documents. This report briefly discusses these documents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department