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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: July 6, 2005
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: A number of issues affecting U.S. agriculture are receiving attention during the 109th Congress. Some are related to new initiatives or to unfinished legislation from the 108th Congress; others have been the focus of ongoing congressional oversight. The agriculture committees are required by the FY2006 budget resolution to report legislation this year that reduces spending on mandatory food and agriculture support programs by $3 billion over the next five years. Other issues of importance to agriculture during the 109th Congress include the possible reauthorization of an expiring dairy support program; multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations; concerns about agroterrorism, food safety, and animal and plant diseases (e.g., “mad cow” disease and Asian soybean rust); high energy costs; environmental issues; and a number of agricultural marketing matters. Although the current (2002) farm bill (P.L. 107-171) generally does not expire until 2007, the agriculture committees could begin hearings on a new measure later this year. This report will be updated if significant developments ensue.
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Sources of Legislative Proposals: A Descriptive Introduction

Sources of Legislative Proposals: A Descriptive Introduction

Date: October 3, 2002
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Actions in 2004

Congressional Budget Actions in 2004

Date: December 27, 2004
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the second session of the 108th Congress, the House and Senate considered many different budgetary measures. Most of them pertained to FY2005 (referred to as the “budget year”) and beyond. In addition, some made adjustments to the budget for FY2004 (referred to as the “current year”). This report describes House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
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Sources of Legislative Proposals: A Descriptive Introduction

Sources of Legislative Proposals: A Descriptive Introduction

Date: March 8, 2002
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Black Members of the United States Congress: 1789-2001

Black Members of the United States Congress: 1789-2001

Date: July 12, 2001
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: Thirty-nine black Members serve in the 107th Congress, all in the House of Representatives. In 210 years of congressional history, there have been 107 black Members of Congress: 103 elected to the House and four to the Senate. This report includes alphabetical listing of black members, selected biographical information, and committee assignments during their tenure in office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Black Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2004

Black Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2004

Date: March 4, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: Thirty-nine black Members serve in the 107th Congress, all in the House of Representatives. In 210 years of congressional history, there have been 107 black Members of Congress: 103 elected to the House and four to the Senate. This report includes alphabetical listing of black members, selected biographical information, and committee assignments during their tenure in office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Black Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2005

Black Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2005

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: Forty three black or African-American Members serve in the 109th Congress; 42 in the House of Representatives, one in the Senate. There have been 117 black Members of Congress: 112 elected to the House and five to the Senate. The majority of the black Members (90) have been Democrats; the rest (27) have been Republicans. This report includes alphabetical listing of black members, selected biographical information, and committee assignments during their tenure in office.
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Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: January 14, 2004
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
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Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: July 31, 2000
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Investigations: Subpoenas and Contempt Power

Congressional Investigations: Subpoenas and Contempt Power

Date: April 2, 2003
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: When conducting investigations of the executive branch, congressional committees and Members of Congress generally receive the information required for legislative needs. If agencies fail to cooperate or the President invokes executive privilege, Congress can turn to a number of legislative powers that are likely to compel compliance. The two techniques described in this report are the issuance of subpoenas and the holding of executive officials in contempt. These techniques usually lead to an accommodation that meets the needs of both branches. Litigation is used at times, but federal judges generally encourage congressional and executive parties to settle their differences out of court. The specific examples in this report explain how information disputes arise and how they are resolved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department