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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
International Travel by Congress: Legislation in the 111th Congress, Background, and Potential Policy Options

International Travel by Congress: Legislation in the 111th Congress, Background, and Potential Policy Options

Date: August 31, 2010
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Lisbeth, Terrence L.; Gracias, Mabel & Reynolds, Parker H.
Description: International travel by Members of Congress and their staff is an issue of longstanding interest among some members of the public, media outlets, and Members. Questions regarding the purposes and destinations of international travel by Congress frequently arise, as do questions about the ability to track the costs and benefits of such travel. This report provides information and analysis on the use of foreign currency expended in support of congressional travel to international destinations that is paid for with appropriated funds and authorized by the House or Senate; on measures related to international travel by Congress introduced in the 111th Congress, and administrative actions related to international travel taken by the House; and on potential options for Congress related to international travel by Members and staff. This report does not provide data on travel costs borne by executive agencies that support congressional travel, as those data are not publicly available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leaving Congress: House of Representatives and Senate Departures Data Since 198

Leaving Congress: House of Representatives and Senate Departures Data Since 198

Date: September 24, 2010
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Reynolds, Parker H. & Petersen, R. Eric
Description: Members of Congress leave the House or Senate for a variety of reasons; these may include resignation, death, or chamber action during a Congress, and retirement, electoral defeat, or pursuit of another office at the end of a Congress. This report discusses the number of Senators and Members of the House of Representatives who have left before the conclusion of a Congress since 1989.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information, including the names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 297 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes a discussion of the impact of women in Congress as well as historical information, including the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African American and Asian Pacific American women in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes a discussion of the impact of women in Congress as well as historical information, including the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African American and Asian Pacific American women in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information, including the names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 297 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Brudnick, Ida A.; Garrett, R. Sam; Manning, Jennifer E.; Straus, Jacob R. & Wilhelm, Amber Hope
Description: This report provides profiles of Senators and Representatives in selected Congresses since 1945. It includes data based on Representatives and Senators serving on the first day of the 79th-113th Congresses for several demographic characteristics such as age (including the oldest and youngest Members of the House and Senate), sex, previous occupation, race and ethnicity, education, religion, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Date: February 18, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report discusses the impact of women in Congress and historical information, such as the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African-American and Asian-Pacific American women in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: Questions about the characteristics of Members of Congress, including their age, education, previous occupations, and other descriptors, are of ongoing interest to Members, congressional staff, and constituents. Some of these questions may be asked in the context of representation, in efforts to evaluate the extent to which Members of Congress reflect their constituencies and the nation at large. In other instances, questions arise about how the characteristics of Members have changed over time, which may speak in part to the history of Congress. This report provides profiles of Senators and Representatives in selected Congresses since 1945. It includes data based on Representatives and Senators serving on the first day of the 79th, 82nd, 87th, 92nd, 97th, 102nd, and 107th–112th Congresses for several demographic characteristics, as well as the tenure of Member service in Congress. The characteristics discussed include age, including the oldest and youngest Members of the House and Senate; congressional service tenure; sex; previous occupation; race and ethnicity; education; religion; and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Date: August 28, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Gerrity, Jessica C.
Description: This report examines the purpose and activities of Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMO) and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress, focusing on their regulation in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration, the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), and the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department