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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Congressional Review Act: Disapproval of Rules in a Subsequent Session of Congress

Congressional Review Act: Disapproval of Rules in a Subsequent Session of Congress

Date: September 3, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report addresses some of the implications of the CRA with regard to agency rulemaking in the final months of a presidential administration. It first notes the practice of increased rulemaking activity during this period, and describes how this practice has been addressed by two White House memoranda issued during the current Bush Administration. The report then briefly identifies key elements of the complex set of time periods established by the CRA — elements that define points during the disapproval process at which various actions may occur. This discussion focuses on the CRA provisions for carrying over the disapproval process into a subsequent session of Congress, and indicates how rules submitted at the end of a Congress may be affected by these provisions. Then, the report identifies the dates in previous sessions of Congress after which rules have (since the enactment of the CRA) been subject to these carryover provisions, and identifies some of the rules that may be issued in the final months of the current Bush Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Loss Ratio Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Issues for Congress

Medical Loss Ratio Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Issues for Congress

Date: August 26, 2014
Creator: Kirchhoff, Suzanne M.
Description: This report provides a detailed description of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148) requirements for Medical Loss Ratio (MLR) reporting and rebates as specified in regulations, including components of the MLR formula, state flexibility and waivers, and the nature of rebates to policyholders. The report also addresses issues that have been raised about the MLR provisions since the ACA was enacted, namely the treatment of insurance commissions paid to brokers and agents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Role of Home State Senators in the Selection of Lower Federal Court Judges

Role of Home State Senators in the Selection of Lower Federal Court Judges

Date: February 11, 2013
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: This report examines the role that home state Senators, historically and in the contemporary era, have played in the selection of nominees to U.S. district court and circuit court of appeals judgeships. It also identifies issues that have arisen in recent years over the role of home state Senators in the selection process for federal judges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Legislation Is Brought to the House Floor: A Snapshot of Parliamentary Practice in the 112th Congress (2011-2012)

How Legislation Is Brought to the House Floor: A Snapshot of Parliamentary Practice in the 112th Congress (2011-2012)

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report provides a statistical snapshot of the forms, origins, and party sponsorship of these measures and of the parliamentary procedures used to bring them to the chamber floor during their initial consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress as a Consumer of Intelligence Information

Congress as a Consumer of Intelligence Information

Date: January 15, 2009
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: This report examines the role of Congress as a consumer of national intelligence and examines several issues that Congress might address in the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress as a Consumer of Intelligence Information

Congress as a Consumer of Intelligence Information

Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: This report examines the role of Congress as a consumer of national intelligence and examines several issues that Congress might address during the second session of the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Presidential Pardoning Power

An Overview of the Presidential Pardoning Power

Date: January 7, 2009
Creator: Burrows, Vanessa K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the scope of the President's pardoning power, the legal effects of a pardon, and the procedures that have traditionally been adhered to in the consideration of requests for pardons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief

Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief

Date: December 3, 2014
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report reviews the authority granted in H.J.Res. 124 and explores similarities and differences among the H.J.Res. 124 authority, the President's requests, and other proposals that may be considered by Congress, including during anticipated consideration of FY2015 full-year appropriations or defense authorization (H.R. 4435/S. 2410) legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: June 21, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages. The Navy's proposed FY2012 budget requests funding for the procurement of four LCSs. Current issues for Congress concerning the LCS program include changes or potential changes to the composition of LCS mission modules announced by the Navy in January 2011, the combat survivability of the LCS, and hull cracking on LCS-1. Congress's decisions on the LCS program could affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Roll Call Votes on the Keystone XL Pipeline

Congressional Roll Call Votes on the Keystone XL Pipeline

Date: January 22, 2015
Creator: Cunningham, Lynn J. & Cook, Beth
Description: This report provides roll call vote data related to the proposed TransCanada Keystone XL Pipeline that would transport oil sands crude from Canada and shale oil produced in North Dakota and Montana to a market hub in Nebraska for further delivery to Gulf Coast refineries. Voting information is listed chronologically and broken down by chamber, Congress, and type of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department