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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Revisions and Adjustments

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Revisions and Adjustments

Date: October 19, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: Following a brief discussion of budget resolutions and the congressional budget process, this report examines the several ways in which budget levels and other matters included in budget resolutions may be revised or adjusted, the authorities that underpin the making of such revisions and adjustments, and actual practices of the House and Senate in this regard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Revenue Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Revenue Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Date: December 3, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security: Options for House and Senate Committee Organization

Department of Homeland Security: Options for House and Senate Committee Organization

Date: November 21, 2002
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Rundquist, Paul S
Description: With the passage of H.R. 5710, to create a new Department of Homeland Security, Congress has begun discussions regarding the appropriate congressional structure to conduct oversight and fund the new department. Section 1503 of the legislation states the sense of Congress that each chamber should review its committee structure in light of the reorganization of the executive branch. This report addresses some of the options currently being discussed and provides information on legislation in the 107th Congress that attempts to alter the current committee system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority: Possible Vote on Two-Year Extension

Trade Promotion Authority: Possible Vote on Two-Year Extension

Date: April 19, 2005
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress’s Power Under the Commerce Clause: The Impact of Recent Court Decisions

Congress’s Power Under the Commerce Clause: The Impact of Recent Court Decisions

Date: June 23, 2004
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B
Description: This report will first review the current Supreme Court case law with respect to the Commerce Clause. Second, it will examine the analysis used and the results of the three lower court opinions. Finally, two areas of tension that appear to exist within the Court’s jurisprudence, and the potential implications that resolution of these conflicts may have on congressional power under the Commerce Clause will be examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Mid-Session Review of the President’s Budget: Timing Issues

The Mid-Session Review of the President’s Budget: Timing Issues

Date: August 2, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Access to Executive Branch Information: Legislative Tools

Congressional Access to Executive Branch Information: Legislative Tools

Date: May 17, 2001
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: This report begins by reviewing the precedents established during the Washington Administration for withholding documents from Congress. Close examination reveals that the scope of presidential privilege is often exaggerated. Congress had access to more documentation than is commonly believed and might have had more had it pressed for it. Subsequent sections focus on various forms of congressional leverage: the power of the purse, the power to impeach, issuing congressional subpoenas, holding executive officials in contempt, House resolutions of inquiry, GAO investigations, and blocking nominations, all of which may force executive officials to release documents they would otherwise want to keep private and confidential. Even if Presidents announce perfectly plausible grounds for withholding documents, they may have to comply with the congressional will to achieve other more important goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Attacks and National Emergency Declaration

Terrorist Attacks and National Emergency Declaration

Date: April 10, 2002
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Date: June 5, 2003
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: Over time, the Senate has developed a series of procedures to deal with the concerns of its Members on nominations. First is the custom of senatorial courtesy, whereby Senators from the same party as the President might influence a nomination or kill it by objecting to it. This tradition has not always been absolute, but it has allowed Senators to play a fairly large role, particularly in the selection of nominees within a Senator’s home state, such as for district court judgeships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Order 12919: Emergency Powers of the President

Executive Order 12919: Emergency Powers of the President

Date: October 23, 2000
Creator: Burdette, Robert B
Description: Executive Order 12919 concerns industrial preparedness during times of war and national emergency. This brief report uses simple language to describe what Executive Order 12919 does. It is intended to clarify common misunderstandings about the Order’s purpose and scope.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Omnibus Appropriations Act: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Act: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: April 27, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Revenue Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Revenue Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Date: May 18, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process in the 109th Congress (H.Res.5)

House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process in the 109th Congress (H.Res.5)

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Fast Track" Congressional Consideration of Recommendations of the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission

"Fast Track" Congressional Consideration of Recommendations of the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission

Date: September 1, 2005
Creator: Davis, Christopher M
Description: The recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission will automatically take effect unless, within a stated period after the recommendations are submitted to the House and Senate, Congress adopts a joint resolution of disapproval rejecting them in their entirety. Congressional consideration of this disapproval resolution is not governed by the regular rules of the House and Senate, but by special expedited or “fast track” procedures laid out in statute. This report describes these expedited parliamentary procedures and explains how they differ from the regular legislative processes of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam & Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Sunset Commission for the Federal Government: Recent Developments

A Sunset Commission for the Federal Government: Recent Developments

Date: August 11, 2005
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A
Description: The sunset concept provides for programs and agencies to terminate automatically on a periodic basis unless explicitly renewed by law. In recent years bills to create a federal sunset commission, modeled on the sunset review process in Texas, have been introduced. President Bush called for creation of a federal sunset commission in his FY2006 budget submission. Bills reflecting an Office of Management and Budget (OMB) draft proposal have been introduced (S. 1399, H.R. 3276, H.R. 3277). This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Medicare: The 24-Month Waiting Period for SSDI Beneficiaries Under Age 65

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Medicare: The 24-Month Waiting Period for SSDI Beneficiaries Under Age 65

Date: July 14, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert & Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speaker Hastert's Plan to Offset Spending: A Procedural Perspective

Speaker Hastert's Plan to Offset Spending: A Procedural Perspective

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spending Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Spending Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Date: May 18, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert & Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Description: This report briefly discusses the budget reconciliation process, which is an optional two-step process Congress may use to assure compliance with the direct spending, revenue, and debt-limit levels set forth in budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Action to Overturn Agency Rules: Alternatives to the "Legislative Veto"

Congressional Action to Overturn Agency Rules: Alternatives to the "Legislative Veto"

Date: September 24, 1979
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: Congress has available a variety of statutory and non-statutory techniques, other than the "legislative veto," that have been used to overturn Federal agency rules, prevent their enforcement, limit their impact, or hinder their promulgation. This survey of the different statutory instruments of congressional control—direct overturn of rules, modification of agency jurisdiction, limitations in authorizing and appropriating statutes, requiring inter-agency consultation, and advance notification to the Congress—discusses a variety of mechanisms that vary in their use and their specificity, range of impact, and length of effect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: This report discusses the following aspects of the congressional appropriations process: the annual appropriations cycle; types of appropriations measures; spending ceilings for appropriations associated with the annual budget resolution; and the relationship between authorization and appropriation measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

Date: February 23, 2012
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: Congress annually considers several appropriations measures, which provide funding for numerous activities, for example, national defense, education, and homeland security, as well as general government operations. Congress has developed certain rules and practices for the consideration of appropriations measures, referred to as the congressional appropriations process. This report looks at this process as well as the three types of appropriates measures: regular appropriations bills, continuing resolutions, and supplemental appropriations bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department