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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Electronic Congress: Proposals and Issues

Electronic Congress: Proposals and Issues

Date: January 28, 2003
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W & Petersen, R. Eric
Description: The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating a capability for a virtual or electronic Congress (e-Congress) that could function in the event of an emergency. Currently, it is unclear exactly how an e-Congress would be constituted and operated; however, a proposal (H.R. 3481) has been introduced to require the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to investigate the feasibility and costs of implementing a computer system for remote voting and communication for Congress to ensure business continuity for congressional operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Electronic Communications in Congress: Proposals and Issues

Emergency Electronic Communications in Congress: Proposals and Issues

Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W & Petersen, R. Eric
Description: The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating an emergency electronic communications system for Congress to ensure continuity of its operations. On July 25, 2003, Representative James R. Langevin introduced H.R. 2948. The bill would direct the Comptroller General of the United States to enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the Librarian of Congress for conducting a study on the feasibility and costs of implementing such a system for Congress to use during an emergency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Intelligence Community and 9/11: Proposals for an Independent Commission

The Intelligence Community and 9/11: Proposals for an Independent Commission

Date: November 6, 2002
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Enforcement Procedures: Senate Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) Rule

Budget Enforcement Procedures: Senate Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) Rule

Date: September 23, 2002
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The Senate “pay-as-you-go,” or PAYGO, rule generally requires that any legislation increasing direct spending or reducing revenues be offset. A motion to waive the rule requires an affirmative vote of three-fifths of the membership (i.e., 60 Senators if no seats are vacant). Beginning in 1993, six points of order under the PAYGO rule have been raised against an entire bill or an amendment. Of these six points of order, four were sustained and two fell upon the adoption of a waiver motion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Enforcement Procedures: Senate Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) Rule

Budget Enforcement Procedures: Senate Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) Rule

Date: October 22, 2002
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The Senate “pay-as-you-go,” or PAYGO, rule generally requires that any legislation increasing direct spending or reducing revenues be offset. A motion to waive the rule requires an affirmative vote of three-fifths of the membership (i.e., 60 Senators if no seats are vacant). Beginning in 1993, six points of order under the PAYGO rule have been raised against an entire bill or an amendment. Of these six points of order, four were sustained and two fell upon the adoption of a waiver motion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The War Powers Resolution: A Decade of Experience

The War Powers Resolution: A Decade of Experience

Date: February 6, 1984
Creator: Collier, Ellen C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airline Passenger Rights Legislation in the 107th Congress

Airline Passenger Rights Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: August 17, 2001
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This report examines legislation pertaining to airline consumer protection in the 107th Congress. For background it first summarizes legislation proposed in the 106th Congress and the airlines’ response. The report then briefly examines the findings of the Department of Transportation Inspector General’s February 13, 2001 report on airline customer service. It then discusses the legislative remedies proposed in the 107th Congress. Finally, a side-by-side presentation of provisions from six airline passenger rights bills is set forth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administrative Issues Related to a Change in Majority in the House of Representatives

Administrative Issues Related to a Change in Majority in the House of Representatives

Date: November 3, 2010
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report briefly describes how a change in majority leadership in the House of Representatives -- such as the incoming new majority that will assume control of House operations at the beginning of the 112th Congress in January 2011 -- could affect House rules, committees, and administrative and legislative operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Date: October 11, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: New “fast track” (or, trade promotion) authority (TPA) is at issue in the 107th Congress. Such authority could enable the Administration to submit negotiated foreign trade agreements to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Efforts to renew this authority, which expired in 1994, have not succeeded since then. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-oriented enterprises that support TPA, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some farm groups argue that fast track ultimately will lead to new agreements that could have adverse effects on U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department