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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 109th Congress

Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: October 26, 2004
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report discusses the United States and Mexico relations and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The major issues discussed by Congress are trade, migration/border security, drug trafficking, and political issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Reform: Background and Issues for Congress

United Nations Reform: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report examines reform priorities from the perspective of several key actors, including Members of Congress, the Obama Administration, selected member states, the U.N. Secretary-General, and a cross-section of groups tasked with addressing U.N. reform. It also discusses congressional actions related to U.N. reform and mechanisms for implementing reform, as well as possible challenges facing U.S. policy makers as they consider existing and future U.N. reform efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

Date: November 27, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report examines the history and evolution of the House Committee on Ethics, including the committee's jurisdiction and investigative procedure. It does not deal with changes to federal or state criminal law or with criminal prosecutions of Members of Congress or with the specifics of disciplinary cases in the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Date: November 4, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The report contains information on the pay procedure of members of Congress and recent adjustments. It provides information on previous actions and votes by year, from 1990-2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations

Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M. & Mansfield, Jerry W.
Description: This report identifies, by Senate committee, presidentially appointed positions requiring Senate confirmation based on referrals as of the date of passage of S. 679, which became P.L. 112-166 on August 10, 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Consideration of Presidential Nominations: Committee and Floor Procedure

Senate Consideration of Presidential Nominations: Committee and Floor Procedure

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report describes the process by which the Senate provides advice and consent on presidential nominations, including receipt and referral of nominations, committee practices, and floor procedure. The report was updated to reflect the changes resulting from Senate actions on November 21, 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considering Legislation on the House Floor: Common Practices in Brief

Considering Legislation on the House Floor: Common Practices in Brief

Date: March 14, 2014
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report provides a brief overview that describes the most common ways legislation is considered on the House floor, the types of questions most likely to be voted on, and the opportunities for legislative debate that are most frequently used by Members.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

Date: March 7, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report briefly outlines the background of ethics enforcement in the House of Representatives, including the creation of both the Select Committee on Ethics and the Committee on Ethics. The report also focuses on various jurisdictional and procedural changes that the House Committee on Ethics has experienced since 1967, and discusses the committee's current jurisdiction and procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The report contains information on the pay procedure for members of Congress and recent adjustments. It provides information on previous actions and votes by year, from 1990-2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reducing Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Military Retirees and the Bipartisan Budget Act: In Brief

Reducing Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Military Retirees and the Bipartisan Budget Act: In Brief

Date: February 11, 2014
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Description: This report discusses the reduction of cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for military retirees through the Bipartisan Budget Act (BBA). It includes an overview of the changes, demographics of military retirees, and potential effects of the changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Holds" in the Senate

"Holds" in the Senate

Date: May 22, 2014
Creator: Oleszek, Mark J.
Description: This report discusses a wide range of proposals aimed at reforming holds (an informal practice among Senators to communicate policy views and scheduling preferences) to infuse more accountability, uniformity, and transparency in their use and to make it clear that holds are not a veto on the majority leader's prerogative of calling up measures or matters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 3080 and S. 601: Comparison of Select Provisions and Conference Developments

H.R. 3080 and S. 601: Comparison of Select Provisions and Conference Developments

Date: May 19, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Stern, Charles V.; Frittelli, John; Luther, Linda & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the conference report H.Rept. 113-449 that would resolve differences between H.R. 3080, the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2013 (WRRDA 2013), and S. 601, the Water Resources Development Act of 2013 (WRDA 2013). Both bills represented omnibus authorization legislation for water resource activities, principally associated with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses Omnibus appropriations acts, which have become a significant feature of the legislative process in recent years as Congress and the President have used them more frequently to bring action on the regular appropriations cycle to a close. Following a discussion of pertinent background information, the report reviews the recent enactment of such measures and briefly addresses several issues raised by their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

Date: November 14, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: Congress annually considers several appropriations measures, which provide discretionary funding for numerous activities--such as national defense, education, and homeland security--as well as general government operations. Appropriations acts are characteristically annual and generally provide funding authority that expires at the end of the federal fiscal year, September 30. These measures are considered by Congress under certain rules and practices, referred to as the congressional appropriations process. This report discusses the various aspects of this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rules and Practices Governing Consideration of Revenue Legislation in the House and Senate

Rules and Practices Governing Consideration of Revenue Legislation in the House and Senate

Date: September 14, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report provides an overview and analysis of the most consequential revenue-specific rules that apply during the process of developing and considering revenue legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Office: Appointment and Tenure of the Director and Deputy Director

Congressional Budget Office: Appointment and Tenure of the Director and Deputy Director

Date: September 2, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report discusses the means through which the Director and Deputy Director of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) are appointed and briefly lists the people who have held the two positions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deprivation of Honest Services as a Basis for Federal Mail and Wire Fraud Convictions

Deprivation of Honest Services as a Basis for Federal Mail and Wire Fraud Convictions

Date: July 28, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The United States Supreme Court in Skilling v. United States construed the honest services branch of the federal mail and wire fraud statutes to reach no more than cases involving bribery or kickbacks. The mail and wire fraud statutes, 18 U.S.C. ยงยง 1341 and 1343, impose criminal penalties for the use of mail or interstate wire communications to deprive another of money or property through a "scheme or artifice to defraud." This report discusses wire and mail fraud and examines relevant court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Franking Privilege: Background and Recent Legislation

Congressional Franking Privilege: Background and Recent Legislation

Date: August 20, 2010
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report discusses the congressional franking privilege, which dates from 1775 and allows Members of Congress to transmit mail matter under their signature without postage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 10, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy has begun a multi-billion dollar program to modernize its 84 existing Aegis cruisers and destroyers over a period of more than 20 years. This report explores this program in detail, including the reasons for the program and the oversight issues it poses for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Official Mail Costs

Congressional Official Mail Costs

Date: August 16, 2010
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric
Description: The congressional franking privilege allows Members of Congress to send official mail via the U.S. Postal Service at government expense. This report provides information and analysis on the costs of franked mail in the House of Representatives and Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief

Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief

Date: October 27, 2014
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report reviews the authority granted in H.J.Res. 124 and explores similarities and differences among the H.J.Res. 124 authority, the President's requests, and other proposals that may be considered by Congress, including during anticipated consideration of FY2015 full-year appropriations or defense authorization (H.R. 4435/S. 2410) legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Election Year Restrictions on Mass Mailings by Members of Congress: How H.R. 2056 Would Change Current Law

Election Year Restrictions on Mass Mailings by Members of Congress: How H.R. 2056 Would Change Current Law

Date: August 20, 2010
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: Current law prohibits the franking of mass mailings by Senators fewer than 60 days, and by House Members fewer than 90 days, prior to any primary or general election in which the Member is a candidate. This report discusses H.R. 2056, which would amend Title 39, United States Code, by altering the prohibition for both Senators and House Members to the period starting 90 days prior to any primary and ending on the day of the general election, unless the Member has made a public announcement that the Member will not be a candidate for reelection to any federal office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 22, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy has begun a multi-billion dollar program to modernize its 84 existing Aegis cruisers and destroyers over a period of more than 20 years. This report explores this program in detail, including the reasons for the program and the oversight issues it poses for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee Markup Process in the House of Representatives

The Committee Markup Process in the House of Representatives

Date: November 28, 2014
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report focuses on the markup stage of the legislative process in committee. It discusses the selection of the text to be marked up, the procedures for proposing and debating amendments to that text, the voting and quorum procedures that govern markups, and the final stages of ordering the marked-up text reported to the House for its consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department