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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1151 - 1160 of 1,285
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Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: May 4, 2012
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: The post-World War II U.S.-Japan alliance has long been an anchor of the U.S. security role in East Asia. The alliance facilitates the forward deployment of about 36,000 U.S. troops and other U.S. military assets in the Asia-Pacific, thereby undergirding U.S. national security strategy in the region. For Japan, the alliance and the U.S. nuclear umbrella provide maneuvering room in dealing with its neighbors, particularly China and North Korea. Difficult problems remain in the alliance, particularly in resolving problems related to the stationing of marines on Okinawa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insourcing Functions Performed by Federal Contractors: An Overview of the Legal Issues

Insourcing Functions Performed by Federal Contractors: An Overview of the Legal Issues

Date: May 7, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: Recent Congresses and the Obama Administration have taken numerous actions to promote "insourcing," or the use of government personnel to perform functions that contractors have performed on behalf of federal agencies. Members of the 112th Congress have introduced several measures which seek to ensure that certain contractors have standing to challenge insourcing determinations; would provide for additional review of insourcing determinations that affect small businesses; or could otherwise constrain insourcing initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance Programs in China

U.S. Assistance Programs in China

Date: May 11, 2012
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: This report examines U.S. foreign assistance activities in the People's Republic of China (PRC), including U.S. Department of State and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) programming, foreign operations appropriations, policy history, and legislative background. International programs supported by U.S. departments and agencies other than the Department of State and USAID are not covered in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Oversight of Intelligence: Current Structure and Alternatives

Congressional Oversight of Intelligence: Current Structure and Alternatives

Date: May 14, 2012
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Description: This report describes the current select committees on intelligence; characteristics and a model for a possible joint committee; recent actions by Congress; and obstacles affecting legislative oversight in the field.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Resolutions of Inquiry: An Analysis of Their Use in the House, 1947-2011

Resolutions of Inquiry: An Analysis of Their Use in the House, 1947-2011

Date: May 15, 2012
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: A resolution of inquiry is a simple resolution making a direct request or demand of the President or the head of an executive department to furnish the House with specific factual information in the Administration's possession. Under the rules and precedents of the U.S. House of Representatives, such resolutions, if properly drafted, are given a privileged parliamentary status. This means that, under certain circumstances, a resolution of inquiry can be brought up on the House floor even if the committee to which it was referred has not reported it and the majority party leadership has not scheduled it for consideration. This report discusses the background, purpose, and efficiency of these inquiries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: May 16, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights. Relations among major political factions have worsened substantially since late 2011, threatening Iraq's stability and the perception of the achievements of the long U.S. intervention in Iraq. Sunni Arabs, always fearful that Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki would seek unchallenged power for Shiite factions allied with him, accuse him of an outright power grab as he seeks to purge the highest-ranking Sunni Arabs from government and to cripple attempts by Sunni-inhabited provinces to achieve greater autonomy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS): CRS Experts

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS): CRS Experts

Date: May 22, 2012
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the U.S. policy toward the Central Asia. It provides background information and most recent developments in Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. U.S. objectives have included promoting free markets, democratization, human rights, energy development, and the forging of East-West and Central Asia-South Asia trade links.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 5, 2012
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) spends billions of dollars per year on fuel, and is pursuing numerous initiatives for reducing its fuel needs and changing the mix of energy sources that it uses. DOD's energy initiatives pose several potential oversight issues for Congress, and have been topics of discussion and debate at hearings on DOD's proposed FY2013 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations

Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 6, 2012
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report presents an overview of Qatar's history and recent economic and political developments. The report discusses U.S. relations with Qatar, U.S. military cooperation and foreign assistance, political reform and elections, as well as human rights and social issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department