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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Overview of the Authorization-Appropriations Process

Overview of the Authorization-Appropriations Process

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Description: A primary avenue for exercising Congress's power of the purse is the authorization and appropriation of federal spending to carry out government activities. This report discusses the formal authorization-appropriation process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Committee Party Ratios: 94th - 111th Congresses

Senate Committee Party Ratios: 94th - 111th Congresses

Date: November 23, 2010
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: This report provides an overview of Senate standing committee sizes and ratios for the 94th Congress through the 111th Congress. Also included are data on permanent select committees with legislative jurisdiction. A table for each Congress shows the party division in the Senate, total number of seats on each committee, number of seats assigned to the majority and minority parties, and, where present, number of seats assigned to independents. The tables also provide the number of majority-minority caucus seat margins in the chamber and for each committees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report summarizes points of order under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended, and related points of order established in the budget resolutions adopted by Congress in 2007, 2008, and 2009, as well as the Rules of the House for the 111th Congress, the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990, and the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010. In addition, it describes how points of order are applied and the processes used for their waiver in the House and Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey Celeste
Description: This list of about 150 congressional liaison offices is intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medal of Honor: History and Issues

Medal of Honor: History and Issues

Date: December 19, 2013
Creator: Burrelli, David F. & Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Description: This report describes the history of the Medal of Honor and the laws and regulations pertaining to the award. The report discusses the privileges/benefits available to the recipients are discussed. Finally, this report analyzes efforts to have the Medal of Honor awarded to certain individuals outside of the normal procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations: A Summary

Pakistan-U.S. Relations: A Summary

Date: May 16, 2011
Creator: Kronstadt, Alan K.
Description: This report summarizes important recent developments in Pakistan and in Pakistan-U.S. relations. These include high-profile political assassinations earlier in 2011, the Raymond Davis affair involving a CIA operative accused of murder in the city of Lahore, and the May killing of Osama bin Laden in the military cantonment city of Abbottabad, among others. Obama Administration engagement with Pakistan has been seriously disrupted by recent events. A brief analysis of the current state of Pakistan-U.S. relations illuminates the main areas of contention and uncertainty. Vital U.S. interests related to links between Pakistan and indigenous American terrorism, Islamist militancy in Pakistan and Islamabad's policies toward the Afghan insurgency, Pakistan's relations with historic rival India, nuclear weapons proliferation and security, and the troubled status of Pakistan's domestic setting are reviewed. Ongoing human rights concerns are briefly summarized, and the report closes with discussion of U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan.
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Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Date: May 17, 2011
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: Restrictions on travel to Cuba have been a key and often contentious component in U.S. efforts to isolate the communist government of Fidel Castro for much of the past 40 years. Under the Bush Administration, enforcement of U.S. restrictions on Cuba travel has increased, and restrictions on travel and on private remittances to Cuba have been tightened. Several legislative initiatives have been introduced in the 109th Congress that would ease restrictions on travel and remittances to Cuba. These bills would, among other things, lift overall restrictions on travel to Cuba, lift the overall embargo, and ease restrictions on exporting agricultural commodities to Cuba.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations

Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: May 16, 2011
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report presents an overview of Qatar's history and recent economic and political developments. The report discusses U.S. relations with Qatar, U.S. military cooperation and foreign assistance, political reform and elections, as well as human rights and social issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Offset Amendments to Appropriations Bills: Procedural Considerations

House Offset Amendments to Appropriations Bills: Procedural Considerations

Date: July 5, 2011
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: This report is an introduction to selected House rules and practices governing the consideration of offset amendments to appropriations measures considered in the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union (or Committee of the Whole).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Date: March 17, 2011
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K. & Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report provides historical background on the enactment of declarations of war and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. The report includes an extensive listing and summary of statutes that are triggered by a declaration of war, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. The report concludes with a summary of the congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a declaration of war or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department