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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Date: April 5, 2006
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Date: August 31, 2011
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M.
Description: This report discusses safeguards in place to protect conterolled information and proposals for change of some of the mechanisms in place. Congress uses classified national security and other controlled information to fulfill its constitutional responsibilities, particularly overseeing the executive, appropriating funds, and legislating public policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Daggett, Stephen; Dale, Catherine; Elsea, Jennifer K. & Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: The ongoing uprising in Libya against the government of Muammar al Qadhafi has been the subject of ongoing domestic and international debate about potential international military intervention, including the proposed establishment of a no-fly zone over Libya. This report discusses several related issues for Congress surrounding the strategy, international authorization, congressional authorization, operations, and costs of establishing and maintaining no-fly zones.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

Date: April 4, 2011
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Daggett, Stephen; Dale, Catherine; Elsea, Jennifer K. & Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report discusses the establishment of no-fly zones and several related issues for Congress surrounding the strategy, including international authorization, congressional authorization, operations, and costs of establishing and maintaining no-fly zones.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo's Future Status and U.S. Policy

Kosovo's Future Status and U.S. Policy

Date: January 9, 2006
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo's Future Status and U.S. Policy

Kosovo's Future Status and U.S. Policy

Date: July 17, 2006
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: The future status of Kosovo is the most sensitive and potentially destabilizing political question in the Balkans. The Administration views "getting Kosovo right" as key to integrating the Balkans into Euro-Atlantic institutions. This report discusses the issue of Kosovo's future status; that is, whether it should become an independent country or continue to be part of Serbia, but with a large degree of autonomy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo's Future Status and U.S. Policy

Kosovo's Future Status and U.S. Policy

Date: July 17, 2006
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Date: May 27, 2008
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M.
Description: The protection of classified national security and other controlled information is of concern not only to the executive branch - which determines what information is to be safeguarded, for the most part - but also to Congress, which uses the information to fulfill its constitutional responsibilities. It has established mechanisms to safeguard controlled information in its custody, although these arrangements have varied over time between the two chambers and among panels in each. This report explores and analyzes said mechanisms. It also discusses various proposals for standardization of and modifications to current policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo's Independence and U.S. Policy

Kosovo's Independence and U.S. Policy

Date: June 17, 2008
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: On February 17, 2008, Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia. On February 18, the United States recognized Kosovo as an independent state. Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and most other European Union countries have also recognized Kosovo. Serbia and Russia have heatedly objected to the recognition of Kosovo's independence. Independent Kosovo faces many challenges, including its relations with Serbia and Serbs in Kosovo, as well as weak institutions and an underdeveloped economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Policy Roles of the President and Congress

Foreign Policy Roles of the President and Congress

Date: June 1, 1999
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: he United States Constitution divides foreign policy powers between the President and the Congress so that both share in the making of foreign policy. The executive and legislative branches each play important roles that are different but that often overlap. Both branches have continuing opportunities to initiate and change foreign policy, and the interaction between them continues indefinitely throughout the life of a policy. This report reviews and illustrates 12 basic ways that the United States can make foreign policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2011 Appropriations

Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: October 1, 2010
Creator: Else, Daniel H.; Scott, Christine & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report discusses the President's Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 budget request for the Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies appropriations bill, which provides funding for the planning, design, construction, alteration, and improvement of facilities used by active and reserve military components worldwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 109th Congress

Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: October 26, 2004
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report discusses the United States and Mexico relations and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The major issues discussed by Congress are trade, migration/border security, drug trafficking, and political issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Reform: Background and Issues for Congress

United Nations Reform: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report examines reform priorities from the perspective of several key actors, including Members of Congress, the Obama Administration, selected member states, the U.N. Secretary-General, and a cross-section of groups tasked with addressing U.N. reform. It also discusses congressional actions related to U.N. reform and mechanisms for implementing reform, as well as possible challenges facing U.S. policy makers as they consider existing and future U.N. reform efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

Date: November 27, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report examines the history and evolution of the House Committee on Ethics, including the committee's jurisdiction and investigative procedure. It does not deal with changes to federal or state criminal law or with criminal prosecutions of Members of Congress or with the specifics of disciplinary cases in the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Date: November 4, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The report contains information on the pay procedure of members of Congress and recent adjustments. It provides information on previous actions and votes by year, from 1990-2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations

Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M. & Mansfield, Jerry W.
Description: This report identifies, by Senate committee, presidentially appointed positions requiring Senate confirmation based on referrals as of the date of passage of S. 679, which became P.L. 112-166 on August 10, 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Consideration of Presidential Nominations: Committee and Floor Procedure

Senate Consideration of Presidential Nominations: Committee and Floor Procedure

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report describes the process by which the Senate provides advice and consent on presidential nominations, including receipt and referral of nominations, committee practices, and floor procedure. The report was updated to reflect the changes resulting from Senate actions on November 21, 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considering Legislation on the House Floor: Common Practices in Brief

Considering Legislation on the House Floor: Common Practices in Brief

Date: March 14, 2014
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report provides a brief overview that describes the most common ways legislation is considered on the House floor, the types of questions most likely to be voted on, and the opportunities for legislative debate that are most frequently used by Members.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

Date: March 7, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report briefly outlines the background of ethics enforcement in the House of Representatives, including the creation of both the Select Committee on Ethics and the Committee on Ethics. The report also focuses on various jurisdictional and procedural changes that the House Committee on Ethics has experienced since 1967, and discusses the committee's current jurisdiction and procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The report contains information on the pay procedure for members of Congress and recent adjustments. It provides information on previous actions and votes by year, from 1990-2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reducing Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Military Retirees and the Bipartisan Budget Act: In Brief

Reducing Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Military Retirees and the Bipartisan Budget Act: In Brief

Date: February 11, 2014
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Description: This report discusses the reduction of cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for military retirees through the Bipartisan Budget Act (BBA). It includes an overview of the changes, demographics of military retirees, and potential effects of the changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Holds" in the Senate

"Holds" in the Senate

Date: May 22, 2014
Creator: Oleszek, Mark J.
Description: This report discusses a wide range of proposals aimed at reforming holds (an informal practice among Senators to communicate policy views and scheduling preferences) to infuse more accountability, uniformity, and transparency in their use and to make it clear that holds are not a veto on the majority leader's prerogative of calling up measures or matters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 3080 and S. 601: Comparison of Select Provisions and Conference Developments

H.R. 3080 and S. 601: Comparison of Select Provisions and Conference Developments

Date: May 19, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Stern, Charles V.; Frittelli, John; Luther, Linda & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the conference report H.Rept. 113-449 that would resolve differences between H.R. 3080, the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2013 (WRRDA 2013), and S. 601, the Water Resources Development Act of 2013 (WRDA 2013). Both bills represented omnibus authorization legislation for water resource activities, principally associated with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses Omnibus appropriations acts, which have become a significant feature of the legislative process in recent years as Congress and the President have used them more frequently to bring action on the regular appropriations cycle to a close. Following a discussion of pertinent background information, the report reviews the recent enactment of such measures and briefly addresses several issues raised by their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department