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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Mid-Session Review of the President’s Budget: Timing Issues

The Mid-Session Review of the President’s Budget: Timing Issues

Date: August 2, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Access to Executive Branch Information: Legislative Tools

Congressional Access to Executive Branch Information: Legislative Tools

Date: May 17, 2001
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: This report begins by reviewing the precedents established during the Washington Administration for withholding documents from Congress. Close examination reveals that the scope of presidential privilege is often exaggerated. Congress had access to more documentation than is commonly believed and might have had more had it pressed for it. Subsequent sections focus on various forms of congressional leverage: the power of the purse, the power to impeach, issuing congressional subpoenas, holding executive officials in contempt, House resolutions of inquiry, GAO investigations, and blocking nominations, all of which may force executive officials to release documents they would otherwise want to keep private and confidential. Even if Presidents announce perfectly plausible grounds for withholding documents, they may have to comply with the congressional will to achieve other more important goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Attacks and National Emergency Declaration

Terrorist Attacks and National Emergency Declaration

Date: April 10, 2002
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Date: June 5, 2003
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: Over time, the Senate has developed a series of procedures to deal with the concerns of its Members on nominations. First is the custom of senatorial courtesy, whereby Senators from the same party as the President might influence a nomination or kill it by objecting to it. This tradition has not always been absolute, but it has allowed Senators to play a fairly large role, particularly in the selection of nominees within a Senator’s home state, such as for district court judgeships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Order 12919: Emergency Powers of the President

Executive Order 12919: Emergency Powers of the President

Date: October 23, 2000
Creator: Burdette, Robert B
Description: Executive Order 12919 concerns industrial preparedness during times of war and national emergency. This brief report uses simple language to describe what Executive Order 12919 does. It is intended to clarify common misunderstandings about the Order’s purpose and scope.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Omnibus Appropriations Act: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Act: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: April 27, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Revenue Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Revenue Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Date: May 18, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process in the 109th Congress (H.Res.5)

House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process in the 109th Congress (H.Res.5)

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Fast Track" Congressional Consideration of Recommendations of the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission

"Fast Track" Congressional Consideration of Recommendations of the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission

Date: September 1, 2005
Creator: Davis, Christopher M
Description: The recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission will automatically take effect unless, within a stated period after the recommendations are submitted to the House and Senate, Congress adopts a joint resolution of disapproval rejecting them in their entirety. Congressional consideration of this disapproval resolution is not governed by the regular rules of the House and Senate, but by special expedited or “fast track” procedures laid out in statute. This report describes these expedited parliamentary procedures and explains how they differ from the regular legislative processes of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam & Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department