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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
House and Senate Vacancies: How Are They Filled?

House and Senate Vacancies: How Are They Filled?

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Sula P. & Neale, Thomas H.
Description: Vacancies in Congress occur due to the death, resignation, or declination (refusal to serve) of a Senator or Representative, or as the result of expulsion or exclusion by either house. The Constitution requires that vacancies in both houses be filled by special election, but in the case of the Senate, it empowers state legislatures to provide for temporary appointments by the state governor until special elections can be scheduled. This report describes this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 111th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members Who Have Served in the U.S. Congress 30 Years or More

Members Who Have Served in the U.S. Congress 30 Years or More

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report identifies those 224 Members of Congress whose service in the House or Senate, or both, has been 30 years or more. The information provided is current through January 3, 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qualifications of Members of Congress

Qualifications of Members of Congress

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the qualifications required to hold the office of U.S. Senator or Representative to Congress that are established and set out within the U.S. Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qualifications of Members of Congress

Qualifications of Members of Congress

Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the qualifications required to hold the office of U.S. Senator or Representative to Congress that are established and set out within the U.S. Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Date: December 23, 2009
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 260 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Date: June 14, 2012
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 112th Congress (2011-2012). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: Report that presents a profile of the membership of the 112th Congress (2011-2012). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Date: April 11, 2011
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 112th Congress (2011-2012). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Date: March 1, 2011
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 112th Congress (2011-2012). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2012

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2012

Date: January 27, 2012
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 276 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Date: October 31, 2015
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, Eric R.
Description: This report provides data and analysis concerning legislative branch staffing levels since 1954. Legislative branch staff include congressional staff, who work in the House or Senate, and legislative agency staff, who work in a legislative branch agency. At present, there is no legislation pending before Congress to change existing staff arrangements in Congress or legislative branch agencies. As policies and issues before Congress continue to proliferate in volume and complexity, new proposals for change in staffing levels or changes in the balance between congressional staff and legislative agency staff may emerge. This report, which will be updated annually, is one of several CRS products focusing on various aspects of congressional operations and administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Media in the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Social Media in the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Straus, Jacob R. & Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report answers several questions about the regulation of social media accounts in the House of Representatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Travel by Congress: Legislation in the 111th Congress, Background, and Potential Policy Options

International Travel by Congress: Legislation in the 111th Congress, Background, and Potential Policy Options

Date: August 31, 2010
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Lisbeth, Terrence L.; Gracias, Mabel & Reynolds, Parker H.
Description: International travel by Members of Congress and their staff is an issue of longstanding interest among some members of the public, media outlets, and Members. Questions regarding the purposes and destinations of international travel by Congress frequently arise, as do questions about the ability to track the costs and benefits of such travel. This report provides information and analysis on the use of foreign currency expended in support of congressional travel to international destinations that is paid for with appropriated funds and authorized by the House or Senate; on measures related to international travel by Congress introduced in the 111th Congress, and administrative actions related to international travel taken by the House; and on potential options for Congress related to international travel by Members and staff. This report does not provide data on travel costs borne by executive agencies that support congressional travel, as those data are not publicly available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Date: August 26, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A U.S.-centric Chronology of the International Climate Change Negotiations

A U.S.-centric Chronology of the International Climate Change Negotiations

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric & Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report provides an overview and analysis of congressional advisory commissions, information on the general statutory structure of a congressional commission, and a catalog of congressional commissions created since the 101st Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Benefits for Members of Congress

Health Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: February 12, 2013
Creator: Cornell, Ada S.
Description: This report covers health benefits made available to Members of Congress through federal government employment, including Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP), dental and vision insurance, flexible spending accounts, long-term care insurance, services at the Office of the Attending Physician and military hospitals, and Medicare. It also offers a comparison of FEHBP to health benefits offered by the private sector and state and local governments and a discussion of the effect of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on Members' health benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Date: February 5, 2013
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric
Description: This report contains a compilation of commissions and boards that demonstrates the range of alternative membership-appointment structures. It includes any statutorily created advisory entity (boards, advisory panels, etc.) whose membership scheme mandates the participation of members of Congress either as potential members or as participants in the process of appointing the membership. For each entity, information on the purpose, duration, appointment structure, and term of appointment is provided. Finally, information on the involvement of members of Congress in the appointment process is presented in a series of tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Commissions: Overview, Structure, and Legislative Considerations

Congressional Commissions: Overview, Structure, and Legislative Considerations

Date: January 27, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E. & Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report provides an overview and analysis of congressional advisory commissions, information on the general statutory structure of a congressional commission, and a catalog of congressional commissions created since the 101st Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Media in the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Social Media in the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: April 2, 2015
Creator: Straus, Jacob R. & Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report answers several questions about the regulation of social media accounts in the House of Representatives, as social media accounts for official representational duties have increased.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Date: May 21, 2014
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report contains a compilation of commissions and boards that demonstrate the range of alternative membership-appointment structures. It includes any statutorily-created advisory entity (boards, advisory panels, etc.) whose membership scheme mandates the participation of members of Congress either as potential members or as participants in the process of appointing the membership. For each entity, information on the purpose, duration, appointment structure, and term of appointment is provided. Finally, information on the involvement of members of Congress in the appointment process is presented in a series of tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Date: March 25, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric
Description: This report contains a compilation of commissions and boards that demonstrates the range of alternative membership-appointment structures. It includes any statutorily created advisory entity (boards, advisory panels, etc.) whose membership scheme mandates the participation of Members of Congress either as potential members or as participants in the process of appointing the membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department