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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Agriculture and Fast Track or Trade Promotion Authority

Date: August 2, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: New “fast track,” or trade promotion, authority (TPA) cleared the 107th Congress for the President’s expected signature in August 2002. Such authority enables the Administration to submit negotiated foreign trade agreements to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests were among the export-oriented enterprises that supported TPA, arguing that foreign trading partners would not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacked it. However, some farm groups argued that fast track ultimately will lead to new agreements that have adverse effects on U.S. producers, at least of some commodities.
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Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: March 27, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: The 107th Congress is expected to consider new "fast track" (or, Presidential trade promotion) authority, which could enable the Administration to submit trade agreements negotiated with foreign countries to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-oriented enterprises that support fast track authority, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some agricultural groups argue that fast track ultimately will lead to new agreements that deliver more benefits to foreign than to U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors.
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Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Senate and House committees in October reported legislation for new fast track authority enabling the Administration to negotiate trade agreements with foreign countries and to submit them to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-dependent enterprises that support new fast track authority, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some agricultural groups argue that fast track provides them with inadequate opportunities for dealing with their issues, and that it ultimately will lead to new agreements that benefit foreign more than U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors. Neither bill was taken to the floor in 1997 because of insufficient votes for passage in the House. However, the President is expected to seek approval in 1998.
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Agriculture:  Prospective Issues for Congress

Agriculture: Prospective Issues for Congress

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: A number of issues affecting U.S. agriculture could receive attention during the 109th Congress. Some are related to new initiatives or to unfinished legislation from the 108th Congress; others have been the focus of ongoing congressional oversight. Although the current (2002) farm bill (P.L. 107-171) generally does not expire until 2007, the agriculture committees could begin hearings on a new measure as early as 2005. The farm bill spells out the types and levels of benefits provided to producers and landowners under commodity price support and conservation programs, both of which could receive close scrutiny in the coming year as lawmakers seek ways to control federal spending. Other concerns include agroterrorism, food safety, and animal and plant diseases (e.g., “mad cow” disease); interest in multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations; the rising cost of energy on farms; environmental issues; and a number of agricultural marketing matters.
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AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: February 2, 2008
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the AIDS issues in Africa and the Bush administration call to double U.S. international funding for AIDS.
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Airline Passenger Rights Legislation in the 107th Congress

Airline Passenger Rights Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: August 17, 2001
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This report examines legislation pertaining to airline consumer protection in the 107th Congress. For background it first summarizes legislation proposed in the 106th Congress and the airlines’ response. The report then briefly examines the findings of the Department of Transportation Inspector General’s February 13, 2001 report on airline customer service. It then discusses the legislative remedies proposed in the 107th Congress. Finally, a side-by-side presentation of provisions from six airline passenger rights bills is set forth.
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Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Description: This report very briefly discusses the allocations and subdivisions portions of the congressional budget process.
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Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: March 5, 2001
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report briefly explains how the annual budget resolution sets forth total spending and revenue levels, which are then allocated to the appropriate House and Senate committees, which in turn help Congress determine how best to enforce spending once a budget resolution is adopted.
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Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: April 5, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report briefly explains how the annual budget resolution sets forth total spending and revenue levels, which are then allocated to the appropriate House and Senate committees, which in turn help Congress determine how best to enforce spending once a budget resolution is adopted.
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The Amending Process in the House of Representatives

The Amending Process in the House of Representatives

Date: January 30, 2001
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: The amending process on the floor of the House of Representatives gives Members an opportunity to change the provisions of the bills and resolutions on which they are going to vote. This report summarizes many of the procedures and practices affecting this process, which can be among the most complex as well as the most important stages of legislative consideration.
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