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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Date: November 19, 2010
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 111th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members of Congress Who Die in Office: Historic and Current Practices

Members of Congress Who Die in Office: Historic and Current Practices

Date: April 25, 2012
Creator: Petersen, Eric R. & Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: Since 1973, 84 Members of Congress-69 Representatives, and 15 Senators-have died in office. When a sitting Member dies, the House and Senate carry out a number of actions based on chamber rules, statutes, and longstanding practices. This report discusses these actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Senators

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Senators

Date: October 30, 2002
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Roles and Duties of a Member of Congress

Roles and Duties of a Member of Congress

Date: November 4, 2010
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: This report briefly describes the roles, expectations, and duties of a Member of Congress, namely representation, legislation, and constituent service and education, as well as political and electorcal activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House and Senate Vacancies: How Are They Filled?

House and Senate Vacancies: How Are They Filled?

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Sula P. & Neale, Thomas H.
Description: Vacancies in Congress occur due to the death, resignation, or declination (refusal to serve) of a Senator or Representative, or as the result of expulsion or exclusion by either house. The Constitution requires that vacancies in both houses be filled by special election, but in the case of the Senate, it empowers state legislatures to provide for temporary appointments by the state governor until special elections can be scheduled. This report describes this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 111th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members Who Have Served in the U.S. Congress 30 Years or More

Members Who Have Served in the U.S. Congress 30 Years or More

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report identifies those 224 Members of Congress whose service in the House or Senate, or both, has been 30 years or more. The information provided is current through January 3, 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qualifications of Members of Congress

Qualifications of Members of Congress

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the qualifications required to hold the office of U.S. Senator or Representative to Congress that are established and set out within the U.S. Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qualifications of Members of Congress

Qualifications of Members of Congress

Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the qualifications required to hold the office of U.S. Senator or Representative to Congress that are established and set out within the U.S. Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Date: December 23, 2009
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 260 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Date: June 14, 2012
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 112th Congress (2011-2012). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: Report that presents a profile of the membership of the 112th Congress (2011-2012). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Date: April 11, 2011
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 112th Congress (2011-2012). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 112th Congress: A Profile

Date: March 1, 2011
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 112th Congress (2011-2012). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2012

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2012

Date: January 27, 2012
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 276 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Date: October 31, 2015
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind is Used

Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind is Used

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: This report provides background information regarding the bill and joint resolution, which must be passed by both houses in identical form, then presented to the President for his approval or disapproval.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bills, Resolutions, Nominations, and Treaties: Origins, Deadlines, Requirements, and Uses

Bills, Resolutions, Nominations, and Treaties: Origins, Deadlines, Requirements, and Uses

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: In addition to bill and/or joint resolution this report presents two other acts of congress; 1) nominations and 2) treaties. It also discusses the characteristics and uses of six different kind of business before Congress, such as designation, origin, deadline for action, requirements for approval, and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Engrossment, Enrollment, and Presentation of Legislation

Engrossment, Enrollment, and Presentation of Legislation

Date: March 2, 1999
Creator: Rundquist, Paul S
Description: Engrossment, enrollment, and presentation of legislation are technical components of the legislative process. They attest to the accuracy of bill texts, confirm passage by the House and Senate, and confirm delivery of the bills to the President for his review.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, Eric R.
Description: This report provides data and analysis concerning legislative branch staffing levels since 1954. Legislative branch staff include congressional staff, who work in the House or Senate, and legislative agency staff, who work in a legislative branch agency. At present, there is no legislation pending before Congress to change existing staff arrangements in Congress or legislative branch agencies. As policies and issues before Congress continue to proliferate in volume and complexity, new proposals for change in staffing levels or changes in the balance between congressional staff and legislative agency staff may emerge. This report, which will be updated annually, is one of several CRS products focusing on various aspects of congressional operations and administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Actions in 2004

Congressional Budget Actions in 2004

Date: December 27, 2004
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the second session of the 108th Congress, the House and Senate considered many different budgetary measures. Most of them pertained to FY2005 (referred to as the “budget year”) and beyond. In addition, some made adjustments to the budget for FY2004 (referred to as the “current year”). This report describes House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: October 13, 2005
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: A number of issues affecting U.S. agriculture are receiving attention during the 109th Congress. The agriculture committees are required by the FY2006 budget resolution to report legislation this year that reduces spending on mandatory food and agriculture support programs by $3 billion over the next five years. Other issues of importance to agriculture during the 109th Congress include the possible reauthorization of an expiring dairy support program; consideration of emergency farm disaster assistance; multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations; concerns about agroterrorism, food safety, and animal and plant diseases (e.g., “mad cow” disease and avian flu); high energy costs; environmental issues; and a number of agricultural marketing matters. This report will be updated if significant developments ensue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: July 6, 2005
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: A number of issues affecting U.S. agriculture are receiving attention during the 109th Congress. Some are related to new initiatives or to unfinished legislation from the 108th Congress; others have been the focus of ongoing congressional oversight. The agriculture committees are required by the FY2006 budget resolution to report legislation this year that reduces spending on mandatory food and agriculture support programs by $3 billion over the next five years. Other issues of importance to agriculture during the 109th Congress include the possible reauthorization of an expiring dairy support program; multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations; concerns about agroterrorism, food safety, and animal and plant diseases (e.g., “mad cow” disease and Asian soybean rust); high energy costs; environmental issues; and a number of agricultural marketing matters. Although the current (2002) farm bill (P.L. 107-171) generally does not expire until 2007, the agriculture committees could begin hearings on a new measure later this year. This report will be updated if significant developments ensue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department