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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Continuing Resolutions: Overview of Components and Recent Practices

Continuing Resolutions: Overview of Components and Recent Practices

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the components of Continuing Resolutions (CRs) and a longitudinal analysis of recent congressional practices. Consequently, the data and analysis in this report are inclusive of all appropriations acts entitled or otherwise designated as providing continuing appropriations. The first section of this report explains six of the possible main components of CRs: coverage, duration, funding rate, restrictions on new activities, anomalies, and legislative provisions. The second section discusses the enactment of regular appropriations prior to the start of the fiscal year and the number of regular appropriations bills enacted through a CR since FY1977. The third section analyzes variations in the number and duration of CRs enacted each fiscal year since FY1997, the most recent fiscal year that all regular appropriations were enacted on time. Finally, the fourth section of this report discusses the features of the 15 CRs that provided funding through the remainder of the fiscal year since FY1977. A list of all CRs enacted between FY1977 and FY2016 is provided at the end of this report in Table 4.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides pertinent background information, reviews the recent enactment of omnibus appropriation measures, and briefly addresses several issues raised by their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives

The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives

Date: January 6, 2016
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report provides an overview of House rules and precedents governing the motion to recommit and describes procedural and political effects of the motion. The motion to recommit provides a final opportunity for the House to affect a measure before passage, either by amending the measure or sending it back to committee. The motion to recommit is often referred to as "the minority's motion," because preference in recognition for offering a motion to recommit is given to a member of the minority party who is opposed to the bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2015

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2015

Date: December 23, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report discusses the process through which members of Congress are compensated. Members of Congress only receive salaries during the terms for which they are elected. Former Members may be eligible for retirement benefits. This report contains information on actions taken affecting each pay year since the establishment of the Ethics Reform Act adjustment procedure, as well as information on other relevant floor action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Date: December 23, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides historical tables on the rate of pay for Members of Congress since 1789; details on enacted legislation with language prohibiting the automatic annual pay adjustment since the most recent adjustment; the adjustments projected by the Ethics Reform Act as compared with actual adjustments in Member pay; and Member pay in constant and current dollars since 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Enactment of Appropriations Measures During Lame Duck Sessions

The Enactment of Appropriations Measures During Lame Duck Sessions

Date: December 2, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides information on the enactment of regular and continuing appropriations measures in connection with lame duck sessions occurring between 1994 and 2014.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Standing Committee Chairs and Ranking Minority Members: Rules Governing Selection Procedures

House Standing Committee Chairs and Ranking Minority Members: Rules Governing Selection Procedures

Date: November 23, 2015
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: House rules, Republican Conference rules, and Democratic Caucus rules each detail aspects of the procedures followed in selecting standing committee chairs and ranking minority members. This report summarizes those procedures and lists membership on each party's steering committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Speaker of the House: House Officer, Party Leader, and Representative

The Speaker of the House: House Officer, Party Leader, and Representative

Date: November 12, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the three roles of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who is widely viewed as symbolizing the power and authority of the House. The Speaker is presiding officer of the House, serves as leader of the majority party conference, and is an elected Member of the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Date: November 10, 2015
Creator: Petersen, R. E.
Description: This report describes statutory requirements for allocating congressional nominations to service academies. It also identifies the qualifications that must be met by potential nominees, as established by statute and each academy. Finally, sample documents that could be used by congressional offices at various stages of the nomination selection process are included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speakers of the House: Elections, 1913-2015

Speakers of the House: Elections, 1913-2015

Date: November 3, 2015
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report provides data on elections of the Speaker in each Congress since 1913, when the House first reached its present size of 435 Members. During that period (63rd through 114th Congresses), a Speaker was elected five times with the votes of less than a majority of the full membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Date: October 31, 2015
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aiding Israel after the Iran Nuclear Deal: Issues for Congress

Aiding Israel after the Iran Nuclear Deal: Issues for Congress

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report discusses recent indications from the Obama administration that the United States may provide Israel with additional military aid during the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Apportioning Seats in the U.S. House of Representatives Using the 2013 Estimated Citizen Population

Apportioning Seats in the U.S. House of Representatives Using the 2013 Estimated Citizen Population

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Crocker, Royce
Description: This report examines the impact on the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives if such a change were to occur, using an estimate of the 2013 citizen population in place of the 2010 apportionment population to determine the potential distribution of seats in the House of Representatives for the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2015

Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2015

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report briefly describes current responsibilities and selection mechanisms for 15 House and Senate party leadership posts and provides tables with historical data, including service dates, party affiliation, and other information for each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses and a list of executive orders and presidential directives pertaining to information and computer security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides information on the congressional consideration of the FY2016 regular appropriations bills and the FY2016 continuing resolution (CR). It also discusses the statutory and procedural budget enforcement framework for FY2016 appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Survey of House and Senate Committee Rules on Subpoenas

A Survey of House and Senate Committee Rules on Subpoenas

Date: October 26, 2015
Creator: Koempel, Michael L.
Description: This report surveys House committees' subpoena rules first and then Senate committees' subpoena rules. Both surveys begin with a brief description of chamber rules, followed by a short summary of that chamber's committees' rules that are related to subpoenas but do not directly pertain to authorizing or issuing subpoenas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electing the Speaker of the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Electing the Speaker of the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: October 23, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report briefly poses and answers several "frequently asked questions" in relation to the floor proceedings used to elect a Speaker of the House. Current practice for electing a Speaker, either at the start of a Congress or in the event of a vacancy, is by roll-call vote, during which Members state aloud the name of their preferred candidate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: October 20, 2015
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report summarizes the points of order currently in effect under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended, as well as related points of order established in various other measures that have a direct impact on budget enforcement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Actions

Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Actions

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report contains information on the legislative branch agency heads' appointment processes, length of tenures (if terms are set), reappointment or removal provisions (if any), salaries and benefits, and most recent appointments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enrollment of Legislation: Relevant Congressional Procedures

Enrollment of Legislation: Relevant Congressional Procedures

Date: October 14, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the enrollment process of bills and resolutions in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920 to 2015

Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920 to 2015

Date: October 13, 2015
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report details the evolution of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees' subcommittee structure from the 1920s to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department