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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
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Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 9, 2003
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: The 108th Congress has acted on a variety of disparate environmental measures; some of these represent proposals or issues that had been under consideration in the 107th Congress and earlier. Environmental issues considered by Congress tend to fall into several major categories: (1) funding issues — whether funding levels are adequate and focused on appropriate priorities; (2) expanding, renewing, or refocusing specific environment programs; (3) environmental issues that are important “subsets” of other major areas of concern, such as energy, defense, or transportation programs; and more recently, (4) terrorism and infrastructure protection in areas such as wastewater and chemical facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutionality of a Senate Filibuster of a Judicial Nomination

Constitutionality of a Senate Filibuster of a Judicial Nomination

Date: October 3, 2003
Creator: Shampansky, Jay R
Description: This report provides an overview of the major issues which have been raised recently in the Senate regarding the Judicial Nominations, Filibusters, and the Constitution: When a Majority Is Denied Its Right to Consent and in the press concerning the constitutionality of a Senate filibuster (i.e., extended debate) of a judicial nomination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 2, 2003
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: In this report several other Clean Water Act issues are likely to receive congressional attention, through oversight hearings and possibly in legislative proposals. Among the topics of interest is whether and how the Administration will revise the current program for restoration of pollution-impaired waters (the Total Maximum Daily Load, or TMDL program), in view of controversy over regulatory changes made during the Clinton Administration and continuing disagreement among states, cities, industry, and environmental advocates about program effectiveness and efficiency.
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The Legislative Process on the House Floor: An Introduction

The Legislative Process on the House Floor: An Introduction

Date: October 2, 2003
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth & Bach, Stanley
Description: This report discusses the complicated body of rules, precedents, and practices that governs the legislative process on the floor of the House of Representatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Intervention in the Administrative Process: Legal and Ethical Considerations

Congressional Intervention in the Administrative Process: Legal and Ethical Considerations

Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton & Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report briefly examines the currently applicable legal and ethical considerations and standards that mark the limits of interventions by Members of Congress. It reviews the judicial development and application of standards for determining whether congressional pressure or influence will be deemed to have tainted an agency proceeding. It concludes that the courts, in balancing Congress's performance of its constitutional and statutory obligations to oversee the actions of agency officials against the rights of parties before agencies, have shown a decided predilection for protecting the congressional prerogatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Domestic Political Developments: Issues for Congress

Pakistan's Domestic Political Developments: Issues for Congress

Date: September 23, 2003
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: September 22, 2003
Creator: Cronin, Richard P; Cooper, William H; Manyin, Mark E & Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grants Work in a Congressional Office

Grants Work in a Congressional Office

Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Gerli, Merete F.
Description: Members of Congress often get requests from constituents for information and help in obtaining funds for projects. Many state and local governments, nonprofit social service and community action organizations, private research groups, small businesses, and individuals approach congressional offices to find out about funding, both from the federal government and from the private sector. The success rate in obtaining federal assistance is not high, given the competition for federal funds. A grants staff’s effectiveness often depends on both an understanding of the grants process and on the relations it establishes with agency and other contacts. The following report does not constitute a blueprint for every office involved in grants and projects activity, nor does it present in-depth information about all aspects of staff activity in this area. The discussion is aimed at describing some basics about the grants process and some of the approaches and techniques used by congressional offices in dealing with this type of constituent service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

Date: September 16, 2003
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Date: September 10, 2003
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2003

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2003

Date: September 10, 2003
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 219 women Members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federalism, State Sovereignty and the Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power

Federalism, State Sovereignty and the Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power

Date: September 5, 2003
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

Date: September 5, 2003
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 4, 2003
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: Clean air issues were discussed at length in the 107th Congress, but legislation was not enacted, leaving the same issues for possible consideration in the 108th. The most prominent air quality issues discussed in this report are; the controversy over EPA’s proposed changes to the New Source Review (NSR) requirements, Clear Skies / Multi-Pollutant Legislation, gasoline additive MTBE, Conformity of Transportation Plans and SIPs Deadlines for Achieving the Ozone Air Quality Standard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia: Quick Facts and Issues for Congress

NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia: Quick Facts and Issues for Congress

Date: September 2, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: August 29, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: The annual budget resolution sets forth total spending and revenue levels for at least five fiscal years. The spending amounts are allocated, or “crosswalked,” to the House and Senate committees having jurisdiction over discretionary spending (the Appropriations Committees) and direct spending (the legislative committees). This report very briefly discusses the allocations and subdivisions portions of the congressional budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Casework in a Congressional Office

Casework in a Congressional Office

Date: August 29, 2003
Creator: Pontius, John S
Description: This report and its appendices present a general overview of congressional office procedures associated with handling casework and the assistance provided by a Member of Congress to help constituents in their dealings with federal agencies. It discusses options for assisting Members’ constituents and the role of Members and staff in providing casework services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 29, 2003
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: The 108th Congress has acted on a variety of disparate environmental measures; some of these represent proposals or issues that had been under consideration in the 107th Congress and earlier. Environmental issues considered by Congress tend to fall into several major categories: (1) funding issues — whether funding levels are adequate and focused on appropriate priorities; (2) expanding, renewing, or refocusing specific environment programs; (3) environmental issues that are important “subsets” of other major areas of concern, such as energy, defense, or transportation programs; and more recently, (4) terrorism and infrastructure protection in areas such as wastewater and chemical facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedure in Congress: Basic Sources for Congressional Staff

Legislative Procedure in Congress: Basic Sources for Congressional Staff

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 27, 2003
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: The Clean Water Act Issues has again received attention in the 108th Congress. At issue is how the federal government will assist states and cities in meeting needs to rebuild, repair, and upgrade wastewater treatment plants, especially in light of capital costs which are projected to be as much as $390 billion over the next two decades. In October 2004, the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee reported legislation to authorize $20 billion in funding for clean water infrastructure (S. 2550), while in July 2003, a House Transportation and Infrastructure subcommittee also approved a water infrastructure financing bill (H.R. 1560). Still, prospects for further action during the 108th Congress are uncertain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Floor Procedure in the House of Representatives: A Brief Overview

Floor Procedure in the House of Representatives: A Brief Overview

Date: August 26, 2003
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth & Bach, Stanley
Description: The House considers bills and resolutions on the floor under several different sets of procedures governing the time for debate and the opportunities for amendment. Some procedures allow 40 or 60 minutes for debate; others permit debate to continue until a majority of Members vote to end it. Some procedures prohibit most or all floor amendments; others allow Members to offer any amendments that meet the requirements of the House’s rules and precedents. Notwithstanding these differences, the rules, precedents, and practices of the House generally are designed to permit the majority to work its will in a timely manner. This report provides a brief overview of this procedure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amendments on the House Floor: Summary of Major Restrictions

Amendments on the House Floor: Summary of Major Restrictions

Date: August 22, 2003
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the opportunities for Representatives to offer floor amendments to a bill or resolution procedures by which the House considers the measure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chaplain of the House: Selection and Related Procedures

Chaplain of the House: Selection and Related Procedures

Date: August 22, 2003
Creator: Rundquist, Paul S & Beth, Richard S
Description: House procedures to elect an officer during a Congress differ from those followed at the start of a Congress. A resolution to elect a replacement officer to fill a vacancy during a Congress is privileged and debatable under the hour rule. By statute, the Speaker has authority to appoint a temporary replacement officer, and in some cases, temporary appointments have continued in effect for the remainder of a Congress. This report describes the consultative process that ultimately led to Father Coughlin’s temporary appointment, and related parliamentary issues concerning the selection of House officers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department