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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1171 - 1194 of 1,875
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Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2004

Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2004

Date: June 21, 2004
Creator: Richardson, Glenda
Description: This report describes and discusses changes to the list of recipients of the Medal since the release of the committee print, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1978, which lists recipients and provides the full text of the citations describing the actions that resulted in the awarding of the Medal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of Senate Bills

Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of Senate Bills

Date: June 21, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report discusses the sponsorship and co-sponsorship of Senate bills. A Senator who introduces a bill or other measure in the Senate is called its sponsor. Senators may together submit a bill, but the first-named Senator is considered the chief sponsor; the others are considered cosponsors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Marine Mammal Protection Act: Reauthorization Issues

The Marine Mammal Protection Act: Reauthorization Issues

Date: June 18, 2004
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: This discusses a range of issues likely to be raised during any reauthorization debate, the reasons behind them, and possible proposals that could be offered to address these concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: A Sketch

USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: A Sketch

Date: June 10, 2004
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Legislation in the 108th Congress

Climate Change Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: June 9, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D & Powers, Kyna
Description: Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have been an issue in the 108th Congress, as they have been over the past decade. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research (H.R. 1578 and S. 1164) to comprehensive emissions cap and trading programs for all six greenhouse gases (S. 139 and H.R. 4067). This report briefly discusses basic concepts on which these bills are based, and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, GHG reporting and registries, and cap and trade programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Management Laws: A Compendium

General Management Laws: A Compendium

Date: May 19, 2004
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Description: This report is a companion to CRS Report RL32388, General Management Laws: Major Themes and Management Policy Options. In combination, these reports have three main objectives: (1) to identify and describe the major management laws under which the executive branch of the federal government is required to operate, including their rationale, design, and scope; (2) to assist Members of Congress and their staff in oversight of executive branch management; and (3) to help Congress when considering potential changes to the management laws themselves, as well as other legislation, including authorization statutes and appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: April 16, 2004
Creator: Cronin, Richard P; Cooper, William H; Manyin, Mark E & Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U.S. Programs and Policy

Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U.S. Programs and Policy

Date: April 15, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt & Nowels, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Date: April 14, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C & Shampansky, Jay R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressionally Chartered Nonprofit Organizations ("Title 36 Corporations"): What They Are and How Congress Treats Them

Congressionally Chartered Nonprofit Organizations ("Title 36 Corporations"): What They Are and How Congress Treats Them

Date: April 8, 2004
Creator: Moe, Ronald C
Description: This report discusses a category of congressionally chartered nonprofit organizations that have as their purpose the promotion of patriotic, charitable, educational, and other eleemosynary activities . Title 36 of the United States Code, where such corporate organizations are listed with their charters, was re-codified by law in 1998 (EL 105-225).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Description: This report discusses Congress' power to override presidential vetoes. The President's veto authority is among his most significant tools in legislative dealings with Congress. It is effective not only in preventing the passage of legislation undesirable to the President, but also as a threat, sometimes forcing Congress to modify legislation before it is presented to the President.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parliamentary Reference Sources: House of Representatives

Parliamentary Reference Sources: House of Representatives

Date: March 16, 2004
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report discusses the availability and format of three types of parliamentary reference materials: official sources such as the House Rules and Manual and the published precedents; publications of committees and offices of the House; and documents prepared by House party and leadership organizations. It also reviews some principles of House parliamentary procedure that are important to consider when using information from parliamentary reference sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The War Powers Resolution: After Thirty Years

The War Powers Resolution: After Thirty Years

Date: March 11, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biennial Budgeting: Issues and Options

Biennial Budgeting: Issues and Options

Date: March 4, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: Biennial budgeting is a concept that may include several variations. It may involve multiyear authorizations, two-year budget resolutions, or two-year appropriations, or some combination of the three. Most proposals incorporate all three factors. This report presents the view of proponent and critics of biennial budgeting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Black Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2004

Black Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2004

Date: March 4, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: Thirty-nine black Members serve in the 107th Congress, all in the House of Representatives. In 210 years of congressional history, there have been 107 black Members of Congress: 103 elected to the House and four to the Senate. This report includes alphabetical listing of black members, selected biographical information, and committee assignments during their tenure in office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Statistics: Bills Introduced and Laws Enacted, 1947-2003

Congressional Statistics: Bills Introduced and Laws Enacted, 1947-2003

Date: March 3, 2004
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E
Description: This report is designed to fill the need for a simple tabulation of legislative workload. It provides the numbers of bills and joint resolutions introduced, and the numbers of public and private laws enacted, from the 80' Congress through the 108th Congress, first session (1947-2003).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: March 2, 2004
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. It includes telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest. Annotations describing each source's contents and organization are included so that researchers can select those that most closely fit their needs. Internet addresses usually provide information about the items, rather than access to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Presidential Veto and Congressional Procedure

The Presidential Veto and Congressional Procedure

Date: February 27, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of procedures involved in vetoing a bill and the ways Congress can respond to a presidential veto. Presidential vetoes are a rejection of legislation approved by majorities in both houses of Congress. Vetoes and congressional efforts to override them are often the reason for, or a reflection of, conflict between Congress and the President. The threat of a presidential veto can prompt the modification of bills moving through the legislative process. Tabular data are provided on the number of presidential vetoes exercised by each President from George Washington to William Clinton.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's "Byrd" Rule

The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's "Byrd" Rule

Date: February 19, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: Reconciliation is a procedure under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 by which Congress implements budget resolution policies affecting mainly permanent spending and revenue programs. The principal focus in the reconciliation process has been deficit reduction, but in recent years reconciliation has encompassed revenue reduction generally and spending increases in selected program areas. The Byrd rule provides six definitions of what constitutes extraneous matter for purposes of the rule (and several exceptions thereto), but the term is generally described as covering provisions unrelated to achieving the goals of the reconciliation instructions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Votes Other than Favorably on Judicial Nominations, 1939-2003

Votes Other than Favorably on Judicial Nominations, 1939-2003

Date: February 10, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Date: February 9, 2004
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report provides current and historical information on the budget resolution. It provides a list of the budget resolutions adopted and rejected by Congress since implementation of the CBA, including the U.S. Statutes-at-Large citations and committee report numbers, and describes their formulation and content. The report provides a table of selected optional components, a list of reconciliation measures, and information on the number of years covered by budget resolutions. It also provides information on the consideration and adoption of budget resolutions, including an identification of the House special rules that provided for consideration of budget resolutions; the amendments in the nature of a substitute to the budget resolution considered in the House; the number and disposition of House and Senate amendments to budget resolutions; and dates of House and Senate action on budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and "Falun Gong"

China and "Falun Gong"

Date: January 23, 2004
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: This report discusses the “Falun Gong” movement, which led to the largest and most protracted public demonstrations in China since the democracy movement of 1989. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) government, fearful of a political challenge and the spread of social unrest, outlawed Falun Gong in July 1999. Despite a massive government campaign against them and harsh punishments meted out to many followers, Falun Gong members continued to stage demonstrations for over two years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: January 14, 2004
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department