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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
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Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 10, 2004
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: The 108th Congress has acted on a variety of disparate environmental measures; some of these represent proposals or issues that had been under consideration in the 107th Congress and earlier. Environmental issues considered by Congress tend to fall into several major categories: (1) funding issues — whether funding levels are adequate and focused on appropriate priorities; (2) expanding, renewing, or refocusing specific environment programs; (3) environmental issues that are important “subsets” of other major areas of concern, such as energy, defense, or transportation programs; and more recently, (4) terrorism and infrastructure protection in areas such as wastewater and chemical facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 108th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 108th Congress: A Profile

Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2004

Salaries of Members of Congress: A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2004

Date: August 26, 2004
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E.
Description: This report summarizes by what measures the Constitution requires Congress to determine its own pay, the annual payment adjustment procedure, changes in pay over time since 1789, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Joint Committee on Intelligence: Proposals and Options from the 9/11 Commission and Others

A Joint Committee on Intelligence: Proposals and Options from the 9/11 Commission and Others

Date: August 25, 2004
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: This report first describes the current select committees on intelligence and briefly covers the former Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. It then sets forth proposed characteristics for a Joint Committee on Intelligence, their differences, and their pros and cons; it also discusses alternatives for congressional oversight in the field. This report will be updated as events dictate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Commission Recommendations: Joint Committee on Atomic Energy - A Model for Congressional Oversight?

9/11 Commission Recommendations: Joint Committee on Atomic Energy - A Model for Congressional Oversight?

Date: August 20, 2004
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report focuses on that portion of the 9/11 Commission recommendation that urges Congress to consider the model of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy (JCAE). It provides an outline of the history, structure, and powers of the JCAE and analyzes a number of issues that might be considered by policymakers as they weigh the suitability of the JCAE as a possible model when crafting congressional oversight mechanisms for intelligence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Selected Statistics and Information Guide

Date: August 19, 2004
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report provides current and historical information on the budget resolution. It provides a list of the budget resolutions adopted and rejected by Congress since implementation of the CBA, including the U.S. Statutes-at-Large citations and committee report numbers, and describes their formulation and content. The report provides a table of selected optional components, a list of reconciliation measures, and information on the number of years covered by budget resolutions. It also provides information on the consideration and adoption of budget resolutions, including an identification of the House special rules that provided for consideration of budget resolutions; the amendments in the nature of a substitute to the budget resolution considered in the House; the number and disposition of House and Senate amendments to budget resolutions; and dates of House and Senate action on budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Select Committee on Intelligence: Term Limits and Assignment Limitations

Senate Select Committee on Intelligence: Term Limits and Assignment Limitations

Date: August 12, 2004
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Protection of Classified Information: The Legal Framework

The Protection of Classified Information: The Legal Framework

Date: August 5, 2004
Creator: Brooks, Nathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Mid-Session Review of the President’s Budget: Timing Issues

The Mid-Session Review of the President’s Budget: Timing Issues

Date: August 2, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 108th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 108th Congress: A Profile

Date: July 28, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 108th Congress. Included is information on numbers of Members, party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupations, religious affiliation, military service, female and minority Members, and foreign-born Members.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President Pro Tempore of the Senate: History and Authority of the Office

The President Pro Tempore of the Senate: History and Authority of the Office

Date: July 26, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report traces the constitutional origins and development of the office of President pro tempore of the Senate, reviews its current role and authority, and provides information on Senators who have held this office -- and the more recently-created subsidiary offices -- over the past two centuries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hearings in the U.S. Senate: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Hearings in the U.S. Senate: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Date: July 19, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report discusses hearings in the U.S. Senate and is divided into four main sections: (1) the role of hearings in the committee process, types of hearings, and broad organizational issues, (2) a discussion of the planning process, (3) how a hearing is held, and (4) activities committees often undertake following a hearing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Branch Power to Postpone Elections

Executive Branch Power to Postpone Elections

Date: July 14, 2004
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: Because of the continuing threat of terrorism, concerns have been raised about the potential for terrorist events to occur close to or during the voting process for the November 2004 elections. For instance, the question has been raised as to whether a sufficiently calamitous event could result in the postponement of the election, and what mechanisms are in place to deal with such an event. This report focuses on who has the constitutional authority to postpone elections, to whom such power could be delegated, and what legal limitations exist to such a postponement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2004

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2004

Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 220 women Members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress’s Power Under the Commerce Clause: The Impact of Recent Court Decisions

Congress’s Power Under the Commerce Clause: The Impact of Recent Court Decisions

Date: June 23, 2004
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B
Description: This report will first review the current Supreme Court case law with respect to the Commerce Clause. Second, it will examine the analysis used and the results of the three lower court opinions. Finally, two areas of tension that appear to exist within the Court’s jurisprudence, and the potential implications that resolution of these conflicts may have on congressional power under the Commerce Clause will be examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2004

Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2004

Date: June 21, 2004
Creator: Richardson, Glenda
Description: This report describes and discusses changes to the list of recipients of the Medal since the release of the committee print, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1978, which lists recipients and provides the full text of the citations describing the actions that resulted in the awarding of the Medal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of Senate Bills

Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of Senate Bills

Date: June 21, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report discusses the sponsorship and co-sponsorship of Senate bills. A Senator who introduces a bill or other measure in the Senate is called its sponsor. Senators may together submit a bill, but the first-named Senator is considered the chief sponsor; the others are considered cosponsors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Marine Mammal Protection Act: Reauthorization Issues

The Marine Mammal Protection Act: Reauthorization Issues

Date: June 18, 2004
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: This discusses a range of issues likely to be raised during any reauthorization debate, the reasons behind them, and possible proposals that could be offered to address these concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: A Sketch

USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: A Sketch

Date: June 10, 2004
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Legislation in the 108th Congress

Climate Change Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: June 9, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D & Powers, Kyna
Description: Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have been an issue in the 108th Congress, as they have been over the past decade. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research (H.R. 1578 and S. 1164) to comprehensive emissions cap and trading programs for all six greenhouse gases (S. 139 and H.R. 4067). This report briefly discusses basic concepts on which these bills are based, and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, GHG reporting and registries, and cap and trade programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Management Laws: A Compendium

General Management Laws: A Compendium

Date: May 19, 2004
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Description: This report is a companion to CRS Report RL32388, General Management Laws: Major Themes and Management Policy Options. In combination, these reports have three main objectives: (1) to identify and describe the major management laws under which the executive branch of the federal government is required to operate, including their rationale, design, and scope; (2) to assist Members of Congress and their staff in oversight of executive branch management; and (3) to help Congress when considering potential changes to the management laws themselves, as well as other legislation, including authorization statutes and appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: April 16, 2004
Creator: Cronin, Richard P; Cooper, William H; Manyin, Mark E & Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U.S. Programs and Policy

Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U.S. Programs and Policy

Date: April 15, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt & Nowels, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Date: April 14, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C & Shampansky, Jay R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department