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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
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Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues for the 109th Congress

Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P; Hornbeck, J. F.; Ribando, Clare; Sek, Lenore; Storrs, K. Larry; Taft-Morales, Maureen et al.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues for the 109th Congress

Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.; Hornbeck, J. F.; Ribando, Clare; Sek, Lenore; Storrs, K. Larry; Taft-Morales, Maureen et al.
Description: Over the past two decades, the Latin America and Caribbean region has made enormous strides in terms of political and economic development. Legislative and oversight attention to Latin America and the Caribbean in the 109th Congress has focused on continued counternarcotics efforts; trade issues; challenges to democracy, especially in Venezuela; efforts to bring political stability and ameliorate poverty in Haiti; efforts to foster political change in Cuba; and cooperation on migration and border security, especially with Mexico. This report provides an overview of U.S. relations with Latin America and the Caribbean, focusing on the role of Congress and congressional concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces researchers to selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. Printed, telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. It includes telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest. Annotations describing each source's contents and organization are included so that researchers can select those that most closely fit their needs. Internet addresses usually provide information about the items, rather than access to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Bills: What is Report Language?

Appropriations Bills: What is Report Language?

Date: January 12, 2005
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: When the Senate or House Appropriations Committee reports an appropriations bill to the full Senate or House, respectively, the committee typically publishes a committee report explaining the bill. This fact sheet provides a brief overview of what these reports entail and the language used within them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Calendars of the House of Representatives

Calendars of the House of Representatives

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Davis, Christopher M
Description: In the House of Representatives, the term “calendar” has two related meanings. This fact sheet, one of a series of fact sheets on legislative process, explains calendars and their use in the House of Representatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Days Reserved for Special Business in the House

Days Reserved for Special Business in the House

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report provides a table and general guidelines for business that has privileged consideration on specified days in the House of Representatives. It includes some information about related procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Measures Are Brought to the House Floor: A Brief Introduction

How Measures Are Brought to the House Floor: A Brief Introduction

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report presents a brief description of the five methods used to bring proposed legislation to the House floor for consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Availability of Legislative Proposals in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")

Availability of Legislative Proposals in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: House rules govern the length of time legislative proposals must be available to Members prior to being considered on the floor. For measures reported from committee, the committee report must have been available for three calendar days. Conference reports must also have been available for three calendar days, and special rules for considering measures for one legislative day. The House, however, also has several means by which it can choose to waive these availability requirements and call up, debate, and vote on a measure in a single calendar day, even if the text of the measure was not made available prior to consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Date: January 8, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly examines Senate Rule XXV and party conference rules that address committee assignments. It includes a table for A, B, and C committees with an overview of limitations and procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process in the 109th Congress (H.Res.5)

House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process in the 109th Congress (H.Res.5)

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Attacks and National Emergencies Act Declarations

Terrorist Attacks and National Emergencies Act Declarations

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Legislation in the 108th Congress

Climate Change Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: January 6, 2005
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D & Powers, Kyna
Description: Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have been an issue in the 108th Congress, as they have been over the past decade. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research (H.R. 1578 and S. 1164) to comprehensive emissions cap and trading programs for all six greenhouse gases (S. 139 and H.R. 4067). This report briefly discusses basic concepts on which these bills are based, and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, GHG reporting and registries, and cap and trade programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Suspension of Rules in the House: Measure Sponsorship by Party

Suspension of Rules in the House: Measure Sponsorship by Party

Date: January 6, 2005
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report provides a brief analysis and tables that show the breakdown of motions to suspend the rules in the House of Representatives by party of the sponsor (100th-108th Congresses).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Committee System Rules Changes in the House, 109th Congress

Committee System Rules Changes in the House, 109th Congress

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This fact sheet details changes in the committee system contained in H.Res. 5, the rules of the House for the 109th Congress, agreed to by the House January 4, 2005, and the Speaker’s announced policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preparation for Senate Committee Markup

Preparation for Senate Committee Markup

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report briefly discusses the preparation which precedes the legislative stage during which a committee chooses the language of a measure it expects to report to the Senate, called "markups." Markups are carefully planned in advance to insure that the requirements of Senate rules have been met, political decisions have been made, and administrative issues have been addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Senate's Executive Calendar

The Senate's Executive Calendar

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Palmer, Betsy & Bach, Stanley
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Dear Colleague" Letters: A Brief Overview

"Dear Colleague" Letters: A Brief Overview

Date: January 4, 2005
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: “Dear Colleague” letters are official correspondence distributed in bulk to Members in both chambers. Primarily, they are used by one or more Members to persuade others to cosponsor or oppose a bill (generally, prior to introduction). Dear Colleague letters might also inform Members of an event connected with congressional business, of new or modified House procedures, or of some other matter. The use of the phrase “‘Dear Colleague’ letter” to refer to a widely distributed letter among Members dates at least to the start of the 20th century. New technologies and expanded use of the Internet have increased the speed and facilitated the process of preparing Dear Colleague letters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture:  Prospective Issues for Congress

Agriculture: Prospective Issues for Congress

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: A number of issues affecting U.S. agriculture could receive attention during the 109th Congress. Some are related to new initiatives or to unfinished legislation from the 108th Congress; others have been the focus of ongoing congressional oversight. Although the current (2002) farm bill (P.L. 107-171) generally does not expire until 2007, the agriculture committees could begin hearings on a new measure as early as 2005. The farm bill spells out the types and levels of benefits provided to producers and landowners under commodity price support and conservation programs, both of which could receive close scrutiny in the coming year as lawmakers seek ways to control federal spending. Other concerns include agroterrorism, food safety, and animal and plant diseases (e.g., “mad cow” disease); interest in multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations; the rising cost of energy on farms; environmental issues; and a number of agricultural marketing matters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses major decisions on clean air issues facing the courts and the executive branch in 2006. One focus will be EPA's recent proposal to strengthen air quality standards for fine particles. Other issues of continuing interest are EPA's 2005 decisions limiting interstate transport of air pollution and establishing cap-and-trade systems for emissions from coal fired power plants, and the agency's proposed changes to New Source Review.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grants Work in a Congressional Office

Grants Work in a Congressional Office

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Gerli, Merete F.
Description: Report discussing grants requests for federal funds made to members of Congress by their constituents. It provides a general overview, information provided to constituents about grant funding, letters of support for grant seekers, federal assistance opportunities, proposal writing, following up on requests, announcements of grant awards, foundations and corporate grants, and additional grant-related resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Actions in 2004

Congressional Budget Actions in 2004

Date: December 27, 2004
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the second session of the 108th Congress, the House and Senate considered many different budgetary measures. Most of them pertained to FY2005 (referred to as the “budget year”) and beyond. In addition, some made adjustments to the budget for FY2004 (referred to as the “current year”). This report describes House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 108th Congress

Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 108th Congress

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: The United States and Mexico have a special relationship as neighbors and partners under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The friendly relationship has been strengthened by President Bush's meetings with President Fox but has been weakened by disagreements over Iraq and other issues. Major congressional issues are trade, migration/border security, drug trafficking, and political and human rights issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department