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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: July 15, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: Omnibus appropriations acts have become a significant feature of the legislative process in recent years as Congress and the President have resorted more frequently to their use to bring action on the regular appropriations cycle to a close. Following a discussion of pertinent background information, this report reviews the recent use of such measures and briefly addresses several issues that their use raises.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 2, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: The issue of TPA reauthorization raises a number of questions regarding TPA itself and the pending legislation. This report addresses a number of those questions that are frequently asked, including the following: What is trade promotion authority? Is TPA necessary? What are trade negotiating objectives and how are they reflected in TPA statutes? What requirements does Congress impose on the President under TPA? Does TPA affect congressional authority on trade policy?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appointment and Confirmation of Executive Branch Leadership: An Overview

Appointment and Confirmation of Executive Branch Leadership: An Overview

Date: June 22, 2015
Creator: Hogue, Henry B. & Carey, Maeve P.
Description: This report begins by explaining the three distinct stages that comprise the advice and consent process, which is the means through which most of these positions are filled. The report then provides an overview of recess appointments and briefly discusses other options that are available to Presidents for temporarily filling vacant advice and consent positions. Finally, it discusses certain types of statutory provisions that Congress has applied selectively to specific advice and consent positions in the executive branch.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Research for Congressional Staff: How to Find Documents and Other Resources

Legislative Research for Congressional Staff: How to Find Documents and Other Resources

Date: June 22, 2015
Creator: Cornell, Ada S.; Greene, Michael & Hanson, Laura A.
Description: This report is one of a series of reports on legislative process and research; it is intended to serve as a finding aid to sources of information, such as documents, news articles, analysis, contacts and services, used in legislative research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Date: June 22, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history and overview of the Members' Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns over selected years--2005, 2006, 2007, 2011, and 2012. The data exclude non-voting Members, including Delegates and the Resident Commissioner, as well as Members who were not in Congress for the entirety of the session. Information is provided on total spending and spending for various categories. The data collected demonstrate that, despite variations when considering all Members, many Members allocate their spending in a similar manner.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of Legislative Proposals in the 114th Congress

Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of Legislative Proposals in the 114th Congress

Date: June 18, 2015
Creator: Fischer, Eric A. & Logan, Stephanie M.
Description: This report compares two House bills and one Senate bill that address information sharing and related activities in cybersecurity. The report consists of an overview of those and other legislative proposals on information sharing, along with selected associated issues, followed by a side-by-side analysis of the National Cybersecurity Protection Advancement Act of 2015 (NCPAA), the Protecting Cyber Networks Act (PCNA), and the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act of 2015 (CISA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Role of Congress in Trade Policy

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Role of Congress in Trade Policy

Date: June 15, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report presents background and analysis on the development of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), which expired on July 1, 2007. The report also includes a summary of the major provisions under the recently expired authority and a discussion of the issues that have arisen in the debate over TPA renewal, as well as policy options available to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of Legislative Proposals in the 114th Congress

Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of Legislative Proposals in the 114th Congress

Date: June 12, 2015
Creator: Fischer, Eric A.
Description: This report compares two House bills and one Senate bill that address information sharing and related activities in cybersecurity. It also discusses some of the issues that those and other bills address.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: June 12, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report provides background information Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), and discusses U.S. trade negotiating objectives, procedures for congressional-executive notification and consultation, and expedited legislative procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conference Reports and Joint Explanatory Statements

Conference Reports and Joint Explanatory Statements

Date: June 11, 2015
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the function of conference reports and joint explanatory statements in Congress. The conference report presents the formal legislative language on which the conference committee has agreed. The joint explanatory statement explains the various elements of the conferees' agreement in relation to the positions that the House and Senate had committed to the conference committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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