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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

Date: December 31, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines changes to the Federal Budget for Fiscal Years 2008-2010. The report considers the factors that have an effect on various budgetary functions and decisions. The report specifically focuses on the effect of the 2007-2008 financial recession on the budget, but also considers more long-term fiscal issues such as health care for retiring Baby-Boomers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Review Act: Rules Not Submitted to GAO and Congress

Congressional Review Act: Rules Not Submitted to GAO and Congress

Date: December 29, 2009
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report discusses the Congressional Review Act (CRA; 5 U.S.C. §801-808), which was enacted to improve congressional authority over agency rulemaking, and requires federal agencies to submit all of their final rules to both houses of Congress and the Government Accountability Office (GAO) before they can take effect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Date: December 23, 2009
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 260 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 22, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy has begun a multi-billion dollar program to modernize its 84 existing Aegis cruisers and destroyers over a period of more than 20 years. This report explores this program in detail, including the reasons for the program and the oversight issues it poses for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: December 22, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses current issues for Congress concerning the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program including the program's mission modules, the combat survivability of the LCS, hull cracking and engine problems on LCS-1, and corrosion on LCS-2. The LCS is a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Date: December 10, 2009
Creator: Else, Daniel H.; Scott, Christine & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report discusses the President's Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 budget request for the Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies appropriations bill, which provides funding for the planning, design, construction, alteration, and improvement of facilities used by active and reserve military components worldwide
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying the Executive Branch: Current Practices and Options for Change

Lobbying the Executive Branch: Current Practices and Options for Change

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report outlines the development of registration requirements for lobbyists engaging executive branch officials since 1995, as well as several other related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying the Executive Branch: Current Practices and Options for Change

Lobbying the Executive Branch: Current Practices and Options for Change

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report outlines the development of registration requirements for lobbyists engaging executive branch officials since 1995. It also summarizes steps taken by the Obama Administration to limit and monitor lobbying of the executive branch; discusses the development and implementation of restrictions placed on lobbying for Recovery Act and Emergency Economic Stabilization Act funds; examines the Obama Administration's decision to stop appointing lobbyists to federal advisory bodies and committees; considers third-party criticism of current executive branch lobbying policies; and provides options for possible modifications in current lobbying laws and practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members’ Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Members’ Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history and overview of the the Members’ Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns in the 109th Congress (2005 and 2006), the two most recent years for which all billing is complete and spending amounts have been finalized, since late-arriving bills may be paid for up to two years following the end of the MRA year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Rule XIV Procedures for Placing Measures Directly on the Senate Calendar

Senate Rule XIV Procedures for Placing Measures Directly on the Senate Calendar

Date: November 30, 2009
Creator: Koempel, Michael L.
Description: When a Senator introduces a bill or joint resolution, the measure is usually referred to committee, pursuant to provisions of Senate Rules XIV, XVII, and XXV. This report describes the Senate Rule XIV, para. 2, which requires that bills and resolutions have three readings before passage, and that they be read twice before being referred to committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines changes to the Federal Budget for Fiscal Years 2008-2010. The report considers the factors that have an effect on various budgetary functions and decisions. The report specifically focuses on the effect of the 2007-2008 financial recession on the budget, but also considers more long-term fiscal issues such as health care for retiring Baby-Boomers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Printing: Background and Issues for Congress

Congressional Printing: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 5, 2009
Creator: Petersen, R. E.
Description: This report provides an overview and analysis of issues related to the processing and distribution of congressional information by the Government Printing Office. Subsequent sections address several issues, including funding congressional printing, printing authorizations, current printing practices, and options for Congress. Finally, the report provides congressional printing appropriations, production, and distribution data in a number of tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Date: November 2, 2009
Creator: Else, Daniel H.; Scott, Christine & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report discusses the President's Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 budget request for the Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies appropriations bill, which provides funding for the planning, design, construction, alteration, and improvement of facilities used by active and reserve military components worldwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Resolutions of Inquiry: An Analysis of Their Use in the House, 1947-2009

Resolutions of Inquiry: An Analysis of Their Use in the House, 1947-2009

Date: October 29, 2009
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses resolution of inquiry, which is a measure that formally calls on the executive branch to provide specified factual information to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 22, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy has begun a multi-billion dollar program to modernize its 84 existing Aegis cruisers and destroyers over a period of more than 20 years. This report explores this program in detail, including the reasons for the program and the oversight issues it poses for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: October 22, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages. The Navy's proposed FY2012 budget requests funding for the procurement of four LCSs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deprivation of Honest Services as a Basis for Federal Mail and Wire Fraud Convictions

Deprivation of Honest Services as a Basis for Federal Mail and Wire Fraud Convictions

Date: October 6, 2009
Creator: Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report discusses wire and mail fraud and examines relevant court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Oversight and Related Issues Concerning International Security Agreements Concluded by the United States

Congressional Oversight and Related Issues Concerning International Security Agreements Concluded by the United States

Date: October 1, 2009
Creator: Garcia, Michael J. & Mason, R. C.
Description: This report begins by providing a general background on the types of international agreements that are binding upon the United States, as well as considerations affecting whether they take the form of a treaty or an executive agreement. Next, the report discusses historical precedents as to the role that security agreements have taken. The report discusses the oversight role that Congress exercises with respect to entering and implementing international agreements involving the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: September 30, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's plans regarding the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS). The LCS is a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages. The Navy wants to field a force of 55 LCSs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 18, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy has begun a multi-billion dollar program to modernize its 84 existing Aegis cruisers and destroyers over a period of more than 20 years. This report explores this program in detail, including the reasons for the program and the oversight issues it poses for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Committee Hearings: Preparation

Senate Committee Hearings: Preparation

Date: September 17, 2009
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: Committee hearings allow Senators an opportunity to gather information on, and draw attention to, legislation and issues within a committee’s purview, conduct oversight of programs or agencies, and investigate allegations of wrongdoing. This report contains a checklist that identifies many of the tasks that need to be performed by a full committee and, in most cases, subcommittees in advance of a hearing. Some of the tasks are required by Senate or committee rules; others are common committee practice. Some tasks are usually the responsibility of the committee’s majority staff, some are shared by majority and minority staff, and some are performed by a Senator’s personal office staff.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Date: August 21, 2009
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: August 14, 2009
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey Celeste
Description: This list of about 150 congressional liaison offices is intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Military Commissions Act of 2006: Background and Proposed Amendments

The Military Commissions Act of 2006: Background and Proposed Amendments

Date: August 11, 2009
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides a background and analysis of military commissions rules under the Military Commissions Act of 2006. After reviewing the history of the implementation of military commissions in the "global war on terrorism," the report provides an overview of the procedural safeguards provided in the MCA. The report identifies pending legislation, including Senate-passed S. 1390, and describes proposals suggested by the Obama Administration. Finally, the report provides two charts comparing the MCA with proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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